How to distinguish natural leather from artificial: useful tips
Modern technologies make it possible to counterfeit the skin so qualitatively that it is practically impossible to distinguish the substitutes from natural material. Experts have learned to do not only the front side, but also the purl. Typically, artificial leather goods has a specific smell, but some "virtuosos" interrupt it by adding leather chips. In order to understand how to distinguish natural skin from artificial, you need to know the basic subtleties and secrets.
How does the skin differ from the substitutes?
In everyday life, a person is constantly confronted with various leather products, so it is important to understand the difference between real material and artificial. The first well passes air and does not lose its characteristics from sudden changes in temperature values. This extends the life of the product and guarantees ease of use. But, of course, the price of the skin is much higher than its substitutes.
How to check the authenticity of the material in the store?
There are a lot of ways, but not all are successfully implemented in life. For example, they will not set fire to the product in the store. Therefore, you need to know other, more loyal methods of determining quality.
- Water. To check the authenticity of the material, you should drop a small amount of water on the surface. If the skin is natural, the liquid will quickly absorb, and this place will darken. Artificial material color will not change and water will not absorb.
- Deformation. In order to understand how to distinguish natural skin from artificial skin, it must be bent. If during the exposure in this area creases formed, and after its termination disappeared - this is an indicator of natural material.
- Cut. If possible, you need to carefully study the slice. Natural leather should be much thicker than artificial leather, which is produced on a textile or polyamide basis.
- Check with the palm of your hand. In this case, you must put a palm to the surface of the product and wait for half a minute. The natural material heats up very quickly and gives off heat, absorbing moisture. Substitutes are a bit cold and do not take moisture.
Artificial leather and natural have one essential difference - the smell. Natural material smells in a special way, and it is impossible to confuse this fragrance with others. Substitutes have the smell of oilcloth or plastic. But some unscrupulous manufacturers use special flavors that interrupt it. Therefore, it is not enough to rely on buying only how the product smells. All the signs must be evaluated in a complex.
Softness and elasticity
Usually, the natural material is not as solid as artificial, but modern technologies make it possible to make a very soft substitute. The skin stretches smoothly and is elastic, although the tension in the areas is uneven. Artificial material is more like rubber. Pressing on the natural skin, you can feel its density and elasticity, and the dent quickly disappears. Artificial is practically not squeezed, and a trace from the finger is visible for some time.
This material stains completely, so the product must be of the same color or lighter in the bend. Not knowing how to distinguish natural leather from artificial skin, it is necessary to pay attention to the wrong side. Substitutes can have a fabric or other material as the basis. The skin from the inside is fuzzy and looks like a twisted plush, just short. In a complete set with a quality product there is always a piece of material from which it is made.
The hardest, but effective method is a fire test. You can set fire to a match and touch the skin. If it is real, then nothing terrible will happen, but the artificial material will necessarily suffer: it will immediately begin to melt.
Naturally, you can not conduct such an experiment where you have to. It is necessary to find a suitable place. This is because some manufacturers treat the skin with substances that make it combustible.
How to choose high-quality shoes?
Today, even experienced masters can not always determine how good the shoes are. The easiest way is to look at a small sticker with graphics on the shoes. It shows what is made of the sole, lining and surface of the shoes. If an emblem is drawn, repeating the outlines of the animal skin, it means that the shoes are real. In the case when a diamond is depicted, then there are synthetic materials. Rozhoka testifies that there is a textile component. But the inscriptions - this is not the only characteristic of the skin, so you need to look at the cut.
Structure of the material
Cutting of the product is a very important indicator, as it is possible to look at the structure of the material. Edges should have a "raw", untreated appearance, which is not available in substitutes. Their sections are smooth and resemble plastic.
The basis of many products from artificial materials is textiles or polyamide, so you can see the protruding thread. The folded edges of the skin are thicker and more rounded.
Thinking about how to distinguish natural leather from artificial skin when choosing shoes, it must be remembered that the pores of substitutes are uniform and repetitive, unlike natural materials that have an uneven pattern.
It is not necessary to be guided by that site which is located near to a "lightning", some manufacturers specially add there a small strip of a skin to give to a product natural.
To make it easier to understand how to distinguish natural leather from artificial, you need to pay attention to the surface of the product. Typically, the substitutes are very polished to hide flaws.
In any case, no matter what kind of shoes you buy, you need to take a check from the seller, certified by the stamp of the store. This will allow you to exchange goods or return money if the shoes prove to be substandard. But despite the advantages that natural material has, artificial leather also deserves attention.