How to identify a dog breed: different breeding grounds
For all the time that dogs serve people, many of their breeds have been bred. It is difficult to say how many of them there are at the present time. According to some information - from 350 to 400. And these lists are changing: there are new ones, the disappeared are deleted. The question arises: "And how to determine the breed of a dog, if there are so many? What do you need to know? "
Directory of breeds of dogs
If you are wondering about how to determine the breed of a dog, then, in principle, you can use a specially published guide. In it, every animal is described in sufficient detail, there are also photographs.
However, in such sources it is not always possible to find complete information. And the dog found may look like it does not fit any description. In these cases, it is difficult to judge the breed at all. Do not forget about the existence of Métis, then the task is generally more complicated.
To facilitate identification, interactive programs are now created, and, in addition, you can consult with dog handlers or veterinarians.
When it becomes necessary to define the breed
There may be several different situations when it becomes necessary to define the breed. In each separate case it is necessary to use various means. Let's look at the most common situations.
Suppose that you have found an adult dog or a puppy on the street. You can judge his breed only in appearance. As they say, ears, paws, tail - that's the "passport" of the animal. Only on them it is possible to define the breed.
The dog is not to blame, if not very good owners kicked her out. An animal has the right to find a new home. In this case, you can consult dog handlers and breeders about the breed. Still, they have some experience, and perhaps they will be able to tell how much the animal is purebred.
But it may be that the dog was simply lost, which means that it would not hurt to post ads with photos. And before taking a picture of the animal, it will need to be put in order, as home dogs in the street quickly lose their gloss.
Can I determine the breed when buying a puppy?
Another case where it is important to understand how to determine the breed of a dog is buying a puppy from your hands. For example, you found a baby on the street or saw a pretty "fuzzy" on the market and you wanted to take it yourself. If the puppy is a month, then it's extremely difficult to judge his breed. Very often, such babies look more like domestic dogs or, conversely, they can look pedigree, but then an ordinary mongrel will grow up. In these cases, the probability of acquiring a mestizo is high, and the breed of a puppy can only be determined by an experienced cynologist.
Sometimes it becomes necessary to find relatives of a pretty, but not very thoroughbred dog. Perhaps your pet is a mixture of several breeds, then finding its relatives will be more difficult. However, if you find them, it will be easier for you to understand the characteristics of care. In this case, forums can help. They can throw a cry for help in determining the breed, perhaps the breeders and help you.
Define the rock in appearance
The most simple and logical way to determine the breed of a dog is to examine its appearance and navigate it. What to look for? For starters, as already mentioned, should describe in detail the ears, paws, tail, height and weight of your animal, after which the standards look for similar signs.
To determine the dog breed by description, you need to perform the following steps:
- It is necessary to determine the characteristics of the animal. This means that it is necessary to describe the main characteristics by which different breeds are distinguished. Start with the size of the dog. The height at the withers and the weight are measured. You can use roulette to measure growth. The distance between the floor and the withers is measured.
- The format of the case matters. In fact, this is the ratio of the height of the animal to the length of its torso. Then study the shape of the skull. It can be square, pointed, flattened. Ears are a very important characteristic. They can be: standing, bent, hanging. No less important is the dog's paw and the characteristics of the tail (sticks out or is down, docked, long, short, curved).
- An important feature is the dog's hair. To navigate, you need to run into her hand and feel the sensations, silky it, hard or soft, not forgetting to note also, long hair or short, curly or straight.
- The color of dogs is an important nuance in determining the breed. There is spotting or uniformity of color.
- Character - this is one of the serious features of the breed. It was formed purposefully for each species. For example, hunting breeds are always energetic and vigorous, and decorative species are more lazy and phlegmatic. Of course, it is difficult to determine the species by such a characteristic, but nevertheless it should not be neglected.
All of the above characteristics only in the general mass give an idea of the breed. But no sign by itself will work.
Once a complete description is compiled, you can proceed to find a good reference. In printed sources, the most complete description of any breed of dogs is usually presented. The list of varieties is large enough. You can search for similar directories on special services. On the pictures placed there, all characteristics should be clearly visible.
Once you have found a photo of an animal that looks something like your pet, study it more closely, especially the description of the standard for this species. As we have already mentioned, the search for nonchristicity greatly complicates the search, because many different breeds can be mixed in the mestizo.
If you managed to determine the standard, then you should recheck the result from other information sources.
I want to note that the standard is a set of the most common signs. It is necessary to understand that small deviations from the rules are always possible. Therefore, on the streets and often there are dogs that did not comply with the declared description, and therefore they were considered mongrels. To find a relative of the pet, you need to be patient.
How to identify the breed puppy
Sometimes it is difficult to determine the breed of an adult dog, and it is even more difficult to understand with a puppy. If the puppy does not have a chip or documents, then it can not be considered thoroughbred. In this case there is no guarantee that the dog is purebred and there were no other breeds in the genus.
To understand, it is necessary to take the puppy to the veterinarian, maybe he will help to solve this problem, and also will make the vaccination. But, most likely, the question should be postponed till that moment when the kid grows up. Then it will be easier to find out its breed, because the standards contain a description of the adults, not the cubs. And puppies often do not look much like their parents.
It should be noted that there is no unambiguously reliable method for determining the breed of the puppy. You can only guess, based on what the dog's paw is, the shape of the skull, the trunk, which ears and tail. But all this is very relative. And about wool in general it is not necessary, as the cubs find it in normal form only after a year.
You can try again to act through the forums, placing there a photo of the puppy, perhaps someone will recognize the breed. Although whatever breed your baby is, it always needs care and love. Lack of thoroughbredness will not make the dog less good and smart.
In any case, to determine the breed, only the main features should be relied upon. As already mentioned, standards of breed of dogs will help in this. Unfortunately, the list of all breeds within the framework of the article can not be given, since it is very large.
By definition, in the breed, by the way, psychological tests will also help. With their help you can find out the direction of natural instincts. You can check the dog for the presence of hunting inclinations, security. If active activity is not particularly interested in the dog, then it can be argued that this is purely a decorative breed.
In general, a lot of information can be obtained from a veterinarian or a club of dog breeders. In cases where it is not possible to establish belonging to a species, it is concluded that the dog belongs to the second generation of domestic servants. In the blood of such animals many breeds are mixed, it is simply impossible to single out them.
The surest way to determine the breed
Now there is a new opportunity to determine the breed of a dog - this is a DNA test. However, such a service, although it is relatively inexpensive, is not everywhere. In addition, for the time being, only some of the breeds are contained in the database.
But in the future such an analysis will greatly simplify the process of determining the variety of the animal.
Instead of an afterword
Of course, the knowledge of which species the dog belongs to will help the owner determine the animal's inclinations to illnesses and peculiarities of care. But, even if you find that the dog is a mongrel, do not be discouraged, because from this your friend will not get worse or better. After all, a pet is not just a breed, but a true friend who loves you sincerely and disinterestedly.