How to teach to distinguish the colors of children: effective methods, interesting ideas and recommendations
Intellectual potential of the child is laid in the womb of the mother. The direction of its development is determined in the first years of life. It depends on the parents that the baby knows and knows when toddler. Therefore, they are often interested in the question of how to teach how to distinguish the colors of children.
In stores you can find a huge number of developing expensive toys. They are interesting and entertaining, but in order for knowledge to really accumulate, it is necessary to be guided by the characteristics of children's development at each stage, using them with love and attention to communicate with the little man.
Cognition of the color world up to 1 year
A half-year-old crumb begins to see the world colored. He reacts to bright things. For this age is characterized by short-term color monochromism. So, for several days or weeks the child chooses toys and objects of the same color (for example, yellow). The surrounding objects for him are full of uncertainty.
What do you need to know about how to teach how to distinguish the colors of children at this stage?
- The period is more informative than training. The task of parents is to interest and tell.
- Constant communication is the foundation of early development.
- Awareness of the environment should be systemic.
Rules and methods for the early study of "color" letters
In this case, as in the development of any case, there are certain rules:
- The verbal method is a description of the world around. Repetition is the mother of learning. As often as possible, say what you see. Walking with the child in the park, tell us about the leaves on the trees, their color and shape. Tear off the leaf and give a tactile look at the new object. On the next walk, repeat the same. And the third time, show the grass in the already known sequence of actions. It would be superfluous to emphasize that the leaves and grass are green.
- Do not rush! You do not need to chatter without stopping: the berry is red, the leaf is green, the sun is yellow. If you chose green for training first, pay attention only to things of this color for several weeks. Only then can we move on to new discoveries. Do not forget to remind us of what was already known.
- Use the technique of Doman. Show cards with a tone of paint, call it. The playback time is a few seconds. Gradual increase in the number of images and information about them is a pledge of more effective memorization.
- Consider the nature and mood of the child. You can teach only when he is full, satisfied and does not feel any other needs.
How to teach a child to distinguish colors: a list of techniques
- Verbal method (pronouncing).
- The game method.
- Creative (drawing, modeling).
- Rhymed (rhymes and songs).
Game and creativity among colors: from 1 year to 2 years
This period is already more informative. The kid got acquainted with the world through parental stories and his own discoveries. He knows a lot, but only begins to speak, understands the questions and can give an answer to them, pointing his finger or nodding his head. At this stage it is already possible to teach the child to distinguish between figures and colors. It is at this age that such actions will bring the most noticeable fruits.
For this you need to know the important nuances. Further - information on how to teach to distinguish the colors of children:
- The first year and a half - the accumulation of understanding of spoken language. After - the development of their own speech apparatus.
- The child actively learns new things and remembers them as a result of playing problems and comparisons.
- The period can be called "second fundamental". The child, until he learns all the information by heart, will be confused and rarely show interest. But it depends on it, how a little man will be guided in the world of colors at the age of three.
- Do not need regular regular answers. Do not be discouraged if at the question of red he pointed to the green one. The main thing is the process of thinking.
- Teach colors without shades: up to 2 years - four basic.
Interesting ideas for games after 1 year
Learning the game is not only informative, but also very interesting.
- Color cubes. Initially, concentrate on one color according to the principle of primary familiarization, only with a shorter time interval between transitions to a new one and the repetition of a known one. Show two cubes of different colors. Ask them to choose a green one among them. Over time, increase the number of colored cubes, complicate the process. Build a house for a doll or a typewriter.
- Association. Playing with toy utensils and other objects (for example, mosaic). Task: to arrange the cups on the appropriate plates, to arrange in them small colored elements. It also includes clear associations with fruits or vegetables: tomato - red, cucumber - green, lemon - yellow, plum, eggplant - blue.
- Balls. Spread around the room balls of different shapes, textures and scales. Ask to put only red or only blue in the basket. Invite the child to find and bring a small green, large yellow object. Link the color and shape.
- "Rainbow Lotto". In the elementary version, four identical multi-colored objects should be drawn on the sheet. They are duplicated one by one. The task: to establish conformity and to spread out in places. It can be flowers, bows, butterflies, cars, little houses, beasts. Change the workpiece. One and the same template quickly bothers, and the baby may lose interest. After a year and a half, use templates with geometric shapes. Complicate tasks. Make blanks with holes of different geometric shapes. Now let the child collect the missing picture: red square, yellow circle, etc.
- Split monochrome images. It can be fruits, vegetables, shapes, tumblers or typewriters. One set is one kind of objects in four color variants. For a child 1-1,5 years old task - to collect a picture of 2-3 puzzles, for a two-year-old - from 4-5 pieces.
- Painting. Develops a tactile awareness. For early creativity, you can use finger paints. Pay attention: closer to two years the child chooses one color for drawing depending on the mood. One day he can paint only in blue. Another time - only red. This characterizes his intellectual achievements in this field and psycho-emotional state.
Potential and limitations in the learning process from 2 to 3 years
The kid is already very well developed. In place of the knowledge of the world comes the stage of independence: to eat, dress, undress more often, he prefers on his own. At the same time, his brain is prepared to receive new information and successfully memorize it. After certain achievements of the one-year-old baby, it is important not to let the development slow down and remember how to teach the child 2 years to distinguish colors.
- The color range is expanding. He is able to remember more than four tones. Black and white are added to the main ones. To the additional - orange and purple (individually).
- Effectively play and learn now can not only with the help of toys, but also clothing, household items and books.
- Continue to use the already known techniques in accordance with the age characteristics of the little man and common truths, how to teach to distinguish the colors of children.
Given these age changes, parents can teach their child a lot, including preparing for an adequate perception of the color scale.
How to teach a child to distinguish colors: tips and games
- Draw, sculpt, glue. Creativity is the engine of the development of the two-year plan, the method of instruction and the means of self-realization. Paper, cardboard, salted dough, plasticine, watercolor are the main assistants in "color" science.
- We do not stop talking about the colors around us. A little man better remembers information in a relaxed atmosphere. Have you seen a crow? Tell us about her, about the color of her plumage. Went out for a snowy frosty day? Play with white snow, talking information. Later, periodically remind about what he saw and his characteristics. This consolidates associations and stimulates memory.
- The basic games are the same, with the corresponding expansion of the palette.
- Attach a color "letter" to the cloakroom processes. Dressing for a walk, choose with the baby things in one range. Another time, leave in a conspicuous place and ask to bring tights or a blouse of a certain shade.
- "Colored stuff." Necessary items: pre-painted large pasta, colorful beads, mosaic elements, as well as 6-8 containers or boxes of corresponding basic colors. Task: sort the "lost" objects by "houses".
- "Colorful World". Draw a picture in advance, for example, a green glade, a green tree, a red house, a yellow sun in the sky, a blue cloud, a flying black raven, a white stork, an orange ball, a purple typewriter (the variety should correspond to the level of development). It is necessary to cut out these same images from colored paper. Ask the crumb to make an applique. He can just sort out items, and can use glue for this.
- "Association". Prepare colorful images. Put them in the balls of the corresponding color. Inflate them and let the child play. Shovel and make inferences.
- "Colorful letters". From this age it is necessary to begin acquaintance with letters and figures. This should not be a memorization, but a process of familiarization. In this context, this is an ideal option. Sort the letters, name the main ones. Ask to find "yellow letter A", "red letter A", "blue letter B", "orange letter B". The number of letters to study is 2-3. The emphasis is on the flowers.
- Read together poems on this topic, teach the songs. Very often children are better remembered in poetic or song form.
On the eve of the crisis of 3 years the child regularly manifests character. It is important to listen to your baby, understand it, be able to interest. Psychoemotional harmony and mutual understanding - in the first place, and only then - training.
Colouristics in the world of childhood from 3 to 4 years
The kid is already sufficiently adult and independent, he owns a certain amount of knowledge that needs to be continued to replenish. It is important to show ingenuity and patience in order to teach the child 3 years to distinguish colors. In connection with some peculiarities, inevitable, but surmountable difficulties arise.
What is important to know about how to teach a child to distinguish colors:
- The crisis of 3 years. Characterized by the insistence of the child in what he wants and a protest against all that he is imposed. There comes a period of self-awareness and self-development.
- An important period of psychoemotional development. The color scheme is perceived differently. Expand existing knowledge to 12 colors (add pink, purple, orange, blue, brown). Depending on the level of mastering of the material, it is possible to familiarize with the shades of the primary colors (crimson, burgundy, beige, gray).
Tips: how to teach a child to distinguish colors in 3-4 years
Speak, remember, remind. Tell the kid about everything that is around, focusing on the color scheme.
- Play the basic games: cubes and balls, lotto, puzzles, sorters, associations - and do creativity: "colored things", "colorful world", "color" analysis of the wardrobe. Improvise with known game situations, reworking them in a new way.
- "Rainbow". Children love the rainbow. Try together to learn the "memorandum" about it. Draw a big rainbow. In advance, cut out colored circles. Let the child spread them along the appropriate arcs.
- «Multicolored typewriters». Walking through the streets of the city, while waiting for public transport, the kids are watching the road and everything that's happening around. A good lesson is to count cars passing by. It is even more interesting to look for a car of the specified color among them. You can also count the number of red or white cars on a specific stretch of highway.
- "Ice cream". Draw or cut and paste together images of sweet "horns" with ice cream balls of different colors. Let him choose his favorite. There may be several shades and the task is to count pink (strawberry) or chocolate (brown). You can collect the cut images of your favorite dessert in your purse or shopping cart.
- "Who is bigger?". While walking, select an interesting object (for example, auto). Play the game, who will count more cars of a certain color.
- Learn poetry, sing songs. Many children remember better this way.
If the crumb does not show interest in the game - do not force. Let your fantasy work in favor of his positive emotions. Trust is the key to quality learning. Guided by existing experience, adults usually already well understand how to teach a child to distinguish colors. 4 years is the age when it is time to expand and consolidate previously acquired knowledge.
Repeat, teach, understand
At this age, the kid should already know 12 basic tones: he easily chooses clothes by color, performs tasks set by parents, which were previously given with difficulty, he himself "educates" the surrounding colors. If difficulties exist, continue to adhere to the methods described above. This period is the beginning of the preparatory preschool. It is important to accustom to a more diligent and quiet form of perception of knowledge (sitting at a table, using books, albums, goods for creativity). In this case, it's time to learn the shades: raspberry, burgundy, terracotta, lilac, beige, cream, turquoise, salad and others. Here again you can not hurry. It is better to study slower and longer, but qualitatively.
It has been scientifically proven that an intellectually developed person has a better and longer life. Invest in your child's love and endeavor, and he will please you with his successes day by day.