How and what to feed the dog - the health of your pet
In order not to spend money for the treatment of your pet and before taking the animal into the house, it is necessary to study well the question of what to feed the dog. Because proper nutrition is the guarantee of your pet's health. To avoid the emergence of various gastritis, enteritis, pancreatitis and other difficult to treat diseases, it is necessary to feed the dog right from the very beginning.
What are the requirements for proper feeding?
- The animal needs to be fed 2-3 times a day. Portions should be small so that there is no stretching of the stomach.
- Fresh water should always be present. It does not matter what feed it feeds, dry or porridge cooked at home.
- The animal needs to be fed from the stand. The neck of the animal should be placed almost horizontally.
What to feed the dog if the food is cooked at home? Food should be varied. Do not give spoiled food. You can not feed scraps from the human table, this food is not good for her and can even cause a disease. In the diet, you need to enter mineral-vitamin supplementation. The feed itself should be moderately warm, preferably 30-40 ° C, or room temperature.
How to properly feed a dog and what can not be given to it as food?
Well, of course, meat is a must. It should be low-fat, beef is best. And this should be real meat, not bones, Adam's apple, lung, udder. Fat needs to be cut off. You do not need to buy "meat for animals", because meat of sick or dead animals can be used as such. Meat should be fresh, better, if it passed sanitary control. It should be from a quarter to half of the entire diet. Of course, ideally, the meat should be given raw, but, in order to avoid contamination with dangerous parasites, you still have to boil it. It is better to cut the meat into pieces, rather than crank it in a meat grinder, such meat is digested by the animal worse. Favorite by all owners of dogs subproducts (for their cheapness) can be given not more often than once or twice a week, and by weight they should be given in 1,5 times more than meat. Very useful liver and scar. Fish in the dog diet should appear no more often than once or twice a month, with no bones and cooked. Very useful chicken meat. But it is better to use a low-fat, non-imported chicken, and the bones of a chicken piece intended for the dog will have to be taken out. A couple of times a week you can give the dog chicken eggs.
As for bones, this is what you can not feed your dog. They are poorly absorbed by the canine stomach. Their sharp fragments can pierce the stomach or intestines, which will cause peritonitis and the death of the animal. Bones give the animals with strong teeth raw, pre-scalded with boiling water, large (so that she could not gnaw and swallow them). This is done in order to, biting the bones, the dog brushed his teeth. Ideal fit bones made from natural veins, which can be bought at a pet store. Puppies can be given large sugar bones without restrictions. Once they can bite them, the bones need to be replaced with artificial ones. Never give chicken tubular bones. Their fragments are deadly to the dog.
And everything else, what to feed the dog you need
Porridge must account for one-third of the food. Rice and Hercules are best. Perlova and millet are not completely digested by the dog's stomach. Vegetables and fruits, added in porridge, should make up a fourth of the diet. This - zucchini and pumpkin, carrots, apples, you can cabbage, but provided it is well tolerated. Instead of milk it is better to give sour-milk products. And, of course, vitamins, mineral supplements, and one teaspoon of vegetable oil can always be added to daily meals.