Sometimes silence is a sign of a serious illness
A very common misconception of parents of children who are silent: "He will talk later, my brother only got into talking in the first class". Most of them mistakenly believe that the first word of the baby is an encouraging sign that everything is in order with the speech sphere, and in the future it will develop normally. They do not take into account, but maybe just do not know that the reason for the child's unwillingness to replenish his vocabulary may be a disease, such as alalia.
Let's try to figure out how serious it is. Such a diagnosis of a doctor is put at the underdevelopment of speech due to defects in the areas of the cerebral cortex of the child. The problem is that such violations can only be determined by specialists.
Alalia in children is treacherous. Parents who do not have medical education, it is difficult to believe that speech disorders are caused by illness. Most often, moms and dads, especially young ones, are not interested in the age norms of child development and are not attentive to their child. They lead silent to the speech therapist only in five years, and even later, before the school itself. At this age, alalia in children is much more difficult to treat than in two or three years. The delay is associated with the unreasonable hope of those close to the fact that this problem will be resolved by itself, and their best, most capable, but "lazy" or "stubborn" child is about to start talking: "He understands everything, but simply does not want to speak" or "He does not understand, because he's still small, he will soon learn."
If some parents once heard something, it is that alalia in children is characterized only by a delay in speech development. In reality, this is not the case. Having this diagnosis, children can talk, only their speech is very different from that of healthy peers.
The fact that alalia in children develops due to violations in the work of one of the think tanks that control the process of speaking. If the damage touched the center of Brock, responsible for the development of the muscles of the speech organs, then this is motor alalia. A child who suffers from this form of illness understands well the words addressed to him, but has an undeveloped speech apparatus that is not able to correctly carry out the process, he can not reproduce many sounds and has problems with grammar.
Damaging the same area as Wernicke will lead to a disruption in understanding of speech. This alalia is sensory. With this form of the disease, the baby easily repeats and speaks a lot, not understanding the meaning completely. Therefore, it forms its own statements at random, arbitrarily hammering each other's learned words and phrases. His speech is inappropriate and pointless.
Recognize the disease is not easy, because its course for each has its own characteristics. But knowing the age norms of speech development, one can note that its development is slowed down or difficult. A two-month-old child should actively walk, after one or two months - babble, and after 8 months in the lexicon of the baby should appear the first words. One-year-and-a-half year old fidget must learn how to build simple sentences (sentences) from them. The development of the vocabulary of preschool children occurs gradually. By the end of the second year, your baby should have more than ten words in vocabulary. Of course, it is better if they are several dozen. But if it is not so, then a specialist is needed - a doctor-speech therapist for children.