Baby boxing - what is it and whether the program helps women
Baby boxing - what is it really? It is difficult to understand whether such a way of giving up children a chance to save their lives, or whether it provokes women to get rid of the child. Baby boxing - what is this: the window of life, the cradle of salvation? In all countries it is called differently. Will not it lead to the fact that mothers will be provoked to abandon children in order to offer them to other families?
History goes back to Germany. There baby-boxes exist for a long time. Earlier it was customary to give the child to a church or a shelter, where he received education and education. Statistics of abandoned children were kept after the 19th century. This gave impetus to creating a baby-box system. What is this for the countries of the world, is still unclear, because in some of the rejection of the child is criminally punishable. There is no consensus on the need for such a method, but often this is the only chance to survive for newborns not needed by their mothers who get rid of children in terrible ways. Every baby box, photo of which we can see in many newspapers and online publications, looks quite comfortable for the child, but is it really so, it's impossible to say.
In appearance it is a small kiosk, which is equipped inside with everything necessary for a short stay of the baby. The woman opens a small window and puts the newborn in the cloth cradle. After the door is closed, you can think a little. Thirty seconds is enough for mothers to change their mind and take the child. If the woman does not change her mind, the door will not open after the time has elapsed. The signal is automatically sent to the medical institution, whose specialists will arrive in the near future and take the baby for examination and then transfer it to the baby's house. In the box itself everything is provided for the normal stay of the child: optimal air temperature and oxygen supply. The cradle is fixed so that the baby does not fall out of it.
Such a system is designed so that women do not throw out children in the street and in garbage cans. Baby boxing - what is this for heartless mothers? This is the chance to anonymously abandon the baby, giving him hope for life. Leaving the baby in the box, the woman does not bear criminal responsibility and automatically loses motherhood. There is only one exception: there should be no traces of physical violence on the child. The abandonment of a newborn in a specially equipped container by law deprives the woman of all rights.
Baby boxes in Russia
They first appeared in the city of Perm. In 2011, the first baby box was installed. What it is, for the Russian city was incomprehensible. He was legalized by a group of senators. This enabled women to anonymously refuse newborns. Most often, the idea is supported by religious organizations, churches, in which the boxes are installed.
Today the system works in many countries. B ebi-boxes in Russia are installed in several cities and regions in the amount of 22 pieces. Official statistics in figures for abandoned children, unfortunately, no. Therefore, it is impossible to speak accurately about the effectiveness of the method. However, one can take into account the fact that the number of criminal cases for abandoned children has significantly decreased.
The Russian government believes that such a project needs serious improvement. It is even proposed to completely prohibit the installation of baby boxes in Russian cities, as there is an opinion that they provoke women to refuse children. Do not encourage the actions of such mothers, regardless of their life situation. It is planned to introduce administrative responsibility in the form of fines for the creation of baby boxes.
Pros and Cons of the Program
Do they actually help baby boxes? Many people speak out for and against. But they understand the essence and importance of the program, it is not known.
- Each box is supplemented by an information stand, which says an appeal to women with a call to change the decision, as well as telephones of support services in difficult situations.
- Hospitals help every mother who turns. Doctors and psychologists work.
- Less is the case in which children are thrown out onto the streets immediately after birth.
- The anonymity of giving up a child makes the process easier.
- Sometimes it happens that boxing provokes women who find themselves in difficult life situations, abandon a newborn.
- The procedure for the return of the child is available only after passing the DNA test and can be delayed for a long time.
- There is no state control over the children left in the boxes.
- Unskilled people leave garbage and kittens in the boxes.
In a situation where a woman refuses her child, one can not take sides. From the state side, the prohibition of boxes is understandable for objective reasons of lack of control. But if you consider that a child is a living being that can not be thrown out onto the street, then such a program can become an ideal solution.