Articulatory gymnastics for the child: file cabinet, exercises and feedback
From infancy, babies make many different movements with their tongue and lips. These are the first steps to the development of speech.
However, very often there are children who do not pronounce a lot of letters at preschool age. Articulatory exercises for the child are necessary. In the article, we will consider how to properly organize exercises, the recommendations of a speech therapist and the main complexes of speech therapy exercises for preschool children.
Why articulatory gymnastics?
For a child it is important to learn to speak correctly by the age of five, without distorting letters, sounds and words. Unfortunately, the statistics show the opposite. Many preschoolers at 5 years incorrectly pronounce one or more letters (x, w, p, l). That's why speech therapy is needed.
The later the child begins to study, the more difficult it is for him to learn the correct pronunciation. Timely lessons will help the child avoid certain difficulties, and he will speak correctly, cleanly and clearly. If parents pay attention to the pronunciation of the child, they can avoid the help of a speech therapist. After all, these classes take a lot of time, energy and money.
If a child has a speech disorder, after articulatory gymnastics, he can easily engage with a speech therapist, since the tongue and lips are prepared for more difficult exercises.
Articulatory gymnastics helps both adults and children learn the correct pronunciation, which helps in elementary school learning letter. After all, even a child can not write and read unless he can clearly pronounce all the letters or sounds.
Organization of articulatory gymnastics
Parents or educators need to deal with children in a playful form. Then the articulation gymnastics for the child will be interesting. For this, an adult should clearly tell and show exercises. Then you need to ask the child to repeat. If the exercise is not done correctly, the adult should correct the children.
It is very important that the child does the articulatory gymnastics qualitatively. There must be accuracy of movements and a proper pace of execution. If you see that the child has something that does not work, help him with a teaspoon or a toothbrush handle to guide the tongue correctly.
Sometimes children do not understand how to do the exercise with the help of the tongue and the upper lip. For this case, you should have something sweet. Spread the upper lip with liquid chocolate, condensed milk or jam. Let the baby lick the sweet. Then he will understand the original position of the language.
Do not be scared if at first the traffic will be strained. If you will give lessons every day for 15 minutes, the organs of the articulatory apparatus relax.
Recommendations for conducting speech therapy exercises
Articulatory gymnastics must be conducted every day. It is desirable 3-4 times not more than five minutes. For 1 lesson, the child should be offered a maximum of 3 exercises. Do not offer more, as children begin to get confused. Each exercise is carried out about 5-6 times.
When choosing an articulatory gymnastics, always follow the sequence so as not to confuse the child. Try to start with light exercises, gradually heading towards more complex ones.
It is desirable to hold articulatory gymnastics in front of a mirror. The child must see the precise movement of his tongue and lips. He will see his mistakes and be able to work better on himself.
When doing gymnastics, use new material daily. However, do not rule it out. Repeat 2 exercises and enter one new. Then the child will not be confused. To fix the material, always think through the game. Only then will the articulation gymnastics for the child be an exciting activity. Then you will not be able to teach your child the correct pronunciation.
Finger gymnastics - the first step to the development of speech
With a child, you must start from birth. This does not mean that you should immediately learn letters or words. To begin with, the finger gymnastics is suitable, thanks to which speech develops. However, not all children love her. Therefore finger exercises should be carried out unnoticed for the child. Especially if it's quite small.
When you wipe the baby's hand with a towel, massage the small pad of each finger. As often as possible with the help of palms and fingers, tell the rhymes and jokes. You not only will interest the kid, but also help him to start quickly, correctly to talk.
It is useful for each child to draw with fingers. For this creativity special paints are sold that are safe for the health of the child.
For older children gouache is suitable. Drawing with your fingers is an exciting activity. Thanks to him, the child begins to pronounce correct and clear sounds or letters.
The basic complex of articulatory gymnastics for children of 4 years
When you find a violation in the child's pronunciation, regularly engage in articulatory gymnastics. It will help children learn to speak properly and without defects.
Children aged 4 years do not pronounce a lot of letters. Many babies still have a weak pronunciation, which is corrected with time. Some children need to exercise in order to learn the right words more quickly.
Articulatory gymnastics for children of 4 years is fun and exciting. Therefore, kids like to do and curl before the mirror. From such studies they will cheer up.
When a child has weak lips, do such exercises:
- Hamster. Blow the cheeks, hold the air in your mouth, after 4 seconds, release. Do this exercise 5 times.
- A hungry hamster. Pull your cheeks as hard as you can.
- Painting. You need to hold the pencil with your lips. This exercise trains and strengthens the muscles for further training.
After training sessions, go to more complex gymnastics. There are two types of exercises: static and dynamic. The first option strengthens the muscles, and the second prepares for the development of speech.
- Birdie. The mouth is very open, and the tongue without movement, is quietly in the oral cavity.
- Shoulder. The mouth is wide open, and the tongue is on the lower lip.
- Angry kitty. Open wide mouth, the tip of the tongue rests against the lower teeth so that the slide turns out.
- Mushrooms. Open your mouth and touch your palate with your tongue.
- An hour. Open your mouth, stick out your tongue. Move it from one corner of the lips to the other. Do this exercise at least 7 times.
- Delicious chocolate. Lick your lips, prischkomnite, hide the tongue in your mouth.
- The horse. Push the tongue to the palate, click it and clink.
- Stuffed. In a circle, lick first the upper and then the lower lip. Hide the language.
- We brush the teeth. Bring the tongue over your lips and teeth. Do this exercise 7-8 times.
This is the main occupation. To them you can add something of your own. The main thing that the child was interested in doing. Then you will achieve high results.
Articulation exercises for children 5 years old
At this age, many children reprimand almost all the letters. Most often, sounds "r", "sh", "w", "h" are difficult to give. Therefore, you need to emphasize them. Articulation gymnastics for children of 5 years is suggested in verses or sentences.
To the child learned to pronounce the letter "Sh", tell him a short story:
Masha sews a pillow, a mouse and a cat.
From the velvet embroidered a basket and cut out a window in it.
She sewed it all to the pillow.
I sewed the cat far, so that she would not grab the mouse.
Now our pillow is ready, and the cat will not catch up with the mouse.
Ask the child questions:
Who sewed a pillow? What is embroidered on it? How did Masha sew a cat and for what purpose? Retell the story.
Tell the child a story with a lot of "R". For example:Roma went to the river and decided to catch crayfish. He ducked under the water. He saw cancer in the cave, but he was afraid to take it by hand. Then he climbed ashore, put on a mitten. Dived and got a cancer. I wanted to take it home and cook it for lunch. But Roma felt sorry for the cancer, and he let him go into the river. Let him live on.
Based on the text, ask the child the appropriate questions. When he talks, speech and sound are more developed. So work out the rest of the letters, which are hard for him.
How to conduct speech therapy classes in the senior group
Experts argue that the child at this age of pronunciation must be correct and clear. Preparations for school are already beginning. Therefore, the articulation gymnastics for the children of the older group is chosen more carefully.
The problem is that if up to 6 years, no one was involved with the child, he just got used to talking the way it was before that time. Therefore, a preschooler is harder to teach for six years. But do not give up. You need to constantly correct your child.
Try as much as possible to talk, read the preschooler of a fairy tale, so that he can retell them. Remember! The development of speech is the future of your child. It is from correct pronunciation that progress depends. After all, the child can not read and write, if he can not speak correctly.
In addition to fairy tales, do modeling, appliqué and finger drawing. All these exercises favorably influence the development of speech.
Articulatory gymnastics for children: reviews
Many mothers are satisfied with articulatory gymnastics. They claim that with the help of games and fairy tales their children begin to speak rather quickly. Even learn how to correctly pronounce complex letters for them.
After two lessons the child can do and repeat the exercises himself. Adults consider that individual employment helps the baby to open up and learn more. Therefore, parents recommend practicing articulatory gymnastics with children as often as possible.
As it turned out, articulation gymnastics for children is very useful. The file for each age is different. Lessons need to be done in stages. First, prepare the child, show and explain. Then you need to put the sound correctly. Do not forget about the big and small motor skills, attention, memory.
Proceed to the next stage only when you secure the previous one well. Exercises of articulatory gymnastics for children are very useful. For the correct and clear development of speech, do the babies from birth. Then your child will start talking not only early, but also understandable.