Amoxicillin for cats: instructions for use
Unfortunately, pets can also be sick. And in some situations it is simply impossible to cure them without the use of antibiotics. The drug "Amoxicillin" (for a cat) will be considered in this article.
Let's talk about its pharmacological properties, indications and contraindications to the use, as well as the responses of people who checked the action of the facility on their pet.
"Amoxicillin" (for a cat) is a semisynthetic antibacterial drug. It is produced in Spain by the firm "Invesa" (Invesa).
There are three forms of the preparation:
- Suspension for intramuscular injection.
- Powder for mixing with food or water.
All types of products are equally effective and differ only in the way they are used and the dosages necessary for treatment.
Tablets "Amoxicillin" should be kept in a dry dark place. The suspension is stored in the refrigerator. The expiration date of the open vial is 14 days. At the end of this period, the drug is not suitable for use and must be disposed of. Powder is considered by many to be uncomfortable to use, so they rarely buy.
"Amoxicillin" (for the cat) is able to slow the formation of the cell wall of the microorganism, to interfere with the synthesis of enzymes of transpeptidase and carboxypeptidase, which leads to the death of the bacteria that caused the development of the disease.
The drug is characterized by a rapid onset of action (already 1-2 hours after its introduction into the body) and its duration (up to 48 hours), which is achieved thanks to a special oily filler.
The agent is able to accumulate in the body. The highest concentrations are achieved in the muscles, intestines, stomach, kidneys and liver. Minor accumulation is observed in the blood plasma.
The active substance of the drug is able to penetrate the brain and bone fluid, so the drug is not prescribed if there are suspicions of inflammatory diseases of the meninges.
The agent is excreted from the animal's body with urine, bile and milk.
Indications for use
In what situations do veterinarians prescribe Amoxicillin for cats? Its use is necessary in the presence of bacterial infections in an animal with the following diseases:
- in the respiratory system: bronchopneumonia, rhinitis, pneumonia, bronchitis;
- in the gastrointestinal tract: enterocolitis, enteritis, gastroenteritis;
- in the genitourinary system: pyelonephritis, urethritis, endometritis, metritis, cystitis.
In addition, the drug is used as a preventive agent after surgery, as well as with actinomycosis, leptospirosis, abscesses, agalactia, various wounds, soft tissue and skin diseases, joint inflammation, mastitis.
Contraindications for use
In some cases, "Amoxicillin" (for a cat) may be contraindicated. This occurs when the animal has a hypersensitivity to the main active substance or any other antibiotics of the penicillin series.
It is undesirable to use the drug during lactation, as it is excreted through milk. An exception is only the treatment of mastitis.
Side effects and overdose
"Amoxicillin", as a rule, is easily tolerated by animals. Side effects can manifest only in the form of allergic reactions, which disappear soon after the drug is discontinued. In some situations, to eliminate unforeseen symptoms, it is possible to inject corticosteroids and adrenaline into the cat.
An overdose of the drug is not accompanied by an intoxication of the animal's body.
Method of application of "Amoxicillin" in the form of a solution
How correctly to use the suspension "Amoxicillin" for cats? The instruction provides the following information.
Directly before use, the vial with the drug should be shaken well.
Needles and syringes should be dry, it is necessary to avoid getting moisture in the medicine.
Injection can be done subcutaneously or intramuscularly. After that, you need to do a light massage at the injection site. It will prevent the appearance of an after-injection abscess and at the same time contribute to rapid resorption of the suspension.
How much will a drug like "Amoxicillin" be needed for cats? The dosage needed for the injection depends on the weight of the animal, it is equal to 1 ml of the suspension for every 10 kilograms of its weight.
If there is such a need, a second injection can be done after 48 hours.
Method of application of "Amoxicillin" in tablets
If for some reason you can not treat a pet with the described drug, the veterinarian can advise such analogues as "Amoxin", "Xiklav", "Amoxiclav" and so on.
Tablets differ from the suspension by the presence in their composition of clavulanic acid, which enhances the effective action of the agent.
Especially convenient is this form of release in the treatment of small kittens and aggressive animals.
As for such tablets as "Amoxicillin", the dose for the cat should be calculated by the veterinarian clearly according to the attached instructions. This is done taking into account the weight of the animal: 12.5 mg of funds for each kilogram of mass. For example, if a cat weighs 2.5 kg, it only needs 1/4 of a pill, if 3-5 kg is 1/2, if 5-7.5 kg is 3/4, if 8-10 kg is a whole pill.
You can give medicine to an animal both during a meal and after a meal.
It is worth paying special attention to a few important points.
First, intravenous application of "Amoxicillin" is strictly prohibited.
Secondly, the drug should not be mixed in one syringe with any other medicinal product.
Thirdly, the use of a medicament can not be prescribed for the treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms that produce penicillinase.
The fourth item concerns the appointment of a remedy such as "Amoxicillin", a pregnant cat. It is known that penicillins are able to penetrate the placental barrier. However, there is no information about whether they harm the fetus in some way. Therefore, the use of antibiotics of this type should be approached with the utmost caution, first weigh the pros and cons.
Reviews about the drug "Amoxicillin" for cats
Is the remedy really effective, as the manufacturer assures? The answer to the question can be found in the reviews of people who used the drug to treat their pets.
Cat lovers note the high efficiency of Amoxicillin.
Reviews of the owners of animals suggest that the product copes well with many infectious diseases. Pets that still refused to eat, and were sluggish and inactive, already a few days after starting treatment with the drug returned to normal life and completely got rid of the disease.
The low cost of the means can not remain without attention. For example, the price of the pill "Amoxicillin" is in the range of 65-100 rubles per package. Suspension costs a little more expensive - from 105 to 200 rubles per bottle.
Pleases and a variety of forms of release, as in some cases it is convenient to simply mix the tablet with food, while other situations require intramuscular injection of the drug.
But there are some disadvantages of Amoxicillin. Like any other antibiotic, the drug kills not only pathogenic, but also beneficial bacteria in the body. This threatens the animal with the emergence of dysbiosis. Therefore, it is recommended that simultaneously with Amoxicillin give your pet medications that help restore microflora.