April 21 - a holiday in Russia church and professional
Radonica, celebrated this year on April 21, is a church holiday in Russia, and it falls on the ninth day after Easter. In addition, on this day in Russia celebrate the recently introduced professional holidays - the Day of Local Governments and the Day of the Municipal Officer.
How believers celebrate Radonitsa
Radonica is the day when the remembrance of the departed is accomplished. Relatives and friends come to the cemetery to fix the graves after winter and to remember their loved ones. According to custom, the visitors bring with them colored eggs and Easter treats for a memorial meal. Part of the food is supposed to be given to the poor to remember the soul of the deceased. Thus, close people seem to communicate with the departed and support the belief that after death a person lives in Christ. The Orthodox Church does not welcome the custom of leaving food on the grave, considering it an echo of paganism. This is especially true of consecrated products in the church. To commemorate the deceased in the cemetery alcohol is also considered to be sinful.
The history of the holiday of remembrance of the dead
Celebrated this year on April 21, the holiday in Russia - Radonitsa - is an ancient one, which came to us from the ancestors of the Slavs. Nevertheless, the Orthodox Church accepted it. During the Easter holidays, during the Passion and Light Sevenas, according to the church regulations, requiems are not employed. The usual commemoration of the dead is allowed by the church, starting on Monday. Fomina Week - Antipascha - the first Sunday following the Passover of Christ (in the church tradition the word "week" denotes Sunday).
The name Antipascha does not mean opposition, but only a repetition of the last holiday a week later. Fomin's day is called so in memory of the second appearance of Jesus Christ to the apostles, when Thomas, who saw him, believed in resurrection and His divine essence. In the modern tradition, this name is the entire week following Easter.
By Fomin the day is timed and the spring folk festival - Krasnaya Gorka. On this day in the villages, the young people gathered at some elevated place, already free of snow, and started festivities: they sang songs, danced, drove rounds, arranged games. On the Red Hill, it was customary to play weddings and get married. In the churches after Lent, the sacrament of the wedding was again performed.
The holiday in Russia celebrated by Orthodox believers on April 21 is a day off only in some regions of the country. The decision to introduce a non-working day is made at the local level. Officially in Russia, the day of the celebration of Radonitsa is a worker.
The holiday celebrated on April 21 in Russia - the Day of Local Self-Government Bodies - was legalized by the President of Russia in 2012.
The choice of a date for celebrations in honor of the activities of such a significant state institution in the life of Russians is not accidental. In 1785, on this day, the Empress Catherine II signed the City Regulation - a charter defining the rights of the population of the cities of the Russian Empire. The main function of the City Regulation is to assign to residents of cities of Russia a single class status, regardless of professional activity of citizens. The document includes 178 articles and the Manifesto. When drawing up the letter, the information contained in such important state documents acting on the territory of Russia as the Workshop Charter and the Charter of Deanery, as well as certain samples of legislative documents of other states were taken into account. The charter reads the law on city self-government. The emergence of the document led to the understanding that unified governance of the country does not provide optimal results on the ground and that it is necessary to create self-government bodies.
In the further development of local government, several significant stages can be noted.
In the era of the reign of Alexander II, elective county-level zemstvo and provincial assemblies emerged, and then the councils and dumas received the status of city self-government bodies.
In 1917, at the end of the February Revolution, the Provisional Government of Russia made an attempt to reform the activities of self-government bodies. The re-creation of rural zemstvos began with the change of the rights of local self-government. The October Revolution did not allow the reforms to be completed.
The Bolsheviks replaced the organs of zemstvo and city government with a system of councils, which led to a partial loss of independence and independence. All the actions of the Soviets took place under the control of the Communist Party. The Constitution of 1936 consolidated the centralized system of leadership. Until the late 1980s, stagnation was observed in the sphere of local self-government.
Modern development of local government
Local self-government reform, carried out in the 1990s, and the adoption of relevant laws, are reflected in the 1993 Constitution of the Russian Federation. From this time a new stage in the development and legal regulation of self-government begins. Today, work is continuing to improve the work of the bodies, expand the financial and business independence of municipalities.
April 21 is a holiday in Russia for employees of self-government
Municipal officials provide leadership and coordination on the ground. The festival is celebrated on April 21 in Russia - the day of the municipal employee. The competence of employees of municipal organizations includes resolving issues of the local budget, establishing and monitoring taxes and fees, developing and adopting rules and programs for the development of local municipalities. Municipal workers are not civil servants, the election of a representative to the post in self-government bodies takes place at elections in which residents of the district take part.
How are the celebrations
April 21, a holiday in Russia for self-government workers, is a working day. In the cities festive events are organized, heads of local self-government bodies and members of the city administration congratulate municipal employees, the first persons of the government send them official congratulations.