Sound culture of speech for children of preschool age
It is the most important achievement of man. With the help of sounds, words, expressions, more gestures and intonation to communicate with other people. Proper communication is called speech. It is the ability to correctly speak, subject to certain conditions, purpose of call, and the use of all linguistic resources (intonation, vocabulary, grammar). Sound culture of speech is the General ability to communicate with each other.
What is a sound culture of speech?
It is part of the verbal communication person. Sound culture of speech combines the oral clearance of words. This layer is responsible for correct pronunciation of sounds, expressions, speed, and loudness of speech utterances, tone of voice, rhythm, pauses, logical stress, correct functioning recidivating and hearing AIDS, as well as the presence of a suitable ambient speech environment.
The education of sound of speech culture contributes to the timely and rapid development of language skills in children of preschool age. During the development of speech teachers-speech therapists at the same time developing vocabulary, grammatically coherent speech. Classes help the children to follow your breath during pronunciation, to adjust its clarity, develop the skills of voice control slowly and intonation right.
How to foster a sound culture of speech?
The formation of correct speech of the child is not only developing the skills of correct pronunciation of sounds that are speech therapists and to the solution of many important problems. In kindergarten, children work with experienced teachers. As a rule, they develop a sound culture of speech of the child in the following areas:
- Educate the correct pronunciation of sounds.
- Form the clarity of pronunciation of words that conform to linguistic norms of the Russian language.
- Produced in the process of learning a moderate speech rate and breathing when spoken.
- Raise the intonation correct pronunciation of sounds and words.
- Developing auditory attention in children.
Sound culture of speech and its implementation is carried out in two directions: with the development of various perception (rhythm, tempo, intonation, strength, speed) and recidivating apparatus. To raise a child in voice culture, teachers choose the following forms:
- Self-study, in which children communicate with each other.
- Classes with specialists of preschool institutions.
- Work in the form of games, exercises.
- Music classes.
The development of a sound culture of speech in pre-school institutions continues not only in special classes, but on a walk, morning voice exercises. Teachers used onomatopoeic words, poems, tongue twisters, visual AIDS, cartoons, presentations and more.
The age of formation of speech in a child
It is best to begin to engage with the child when he begins to actively speak and repeat the words. The formation of the sound of speech culture is an important stage to prepare children for school. It is important not to miss this moment and help your child with kindergarten teachers to understand the science of correct sound pronunciation.
Since birth a person has the ability to distinguish between sound waves is called biological hearing or perception. People have recognized the sounds through the outer ear, tympanic membrane, auditory ossicles and inner ear. Sound vibrations form the excitation of nerve endings and transmit information to the brain. Auditory attention is a special feature of the possibilities of human perception, which helps to focus on the sound, activity or object. For example, when the child stops his attention on the stimulus, it receives the clarity of the sound sensations. If disturbed auditory perception in children, this causes less attention, curiosity. The child often cries, winces at sounds and extraneous stimuli.
How to choose the right speech therapist?
To find a good specialist — not an easy task. Especially if the child has serious speech problems. When choosing a therapist, consider the following:
- Ask the specialist speech therapist on qualification and experience. Examine the portfolio.
- Ask the speech therapist, to decide whether it is a specific problem.
- Find out the number and cost of classes.
- Try to understand whether people over comfortable child to be around a speech therapist.
- How high is the guarantee of a positive result.
Remember that the high price of sessions with a speech therapist is not a guarantee of a job well done.
Lesson on sound culture of speech is aimed at teaching preschool children clearly and correctly articulate. The sound "u" learn to speak smoothly and a long exhale. Teachers ensure that children uttered it with different volume and tone. Sessions in sound training is provided in the form of games and special exercises that help to learn how to correctly pronounce the sound "u". Exercise – to put his lips whistle and pulling them forward prepares the articulation of the pronunciation. In addition, the teachers sing songs with the guys, doing choral repetition of sounds and much more.
The "s" sound. Its development also occurs in the form of games and songs. It is studied after the preschoolers will learn to cope with sound. Feature of his study is that the work included, in addition to articulation, the vocal cords. Usually, the "s" sound requires training in front of the mirror. During the work the teacher speaks with children tongue twisters, is offers. The development of sound culture is closely related to phonemic hearing.
The education speech in preschoolers
Sound culture of speech includes correct diction, pronunciation of sounds, intonation, tempo, gestures, facial expressions, tone of voice, posture, motor skills during a conversation the child. If you systematically educate the pronunciation of sounds, preschoolers will be learning in the future. That is why the method of education is the solution of the teacher the following tasks:
- The development of mobility of the tongue and lips during sound pronunciation.
- Building skills to support the lower jaw in the desired position.
- Attention to breath during a speech.
As a rule, preschoolers learn the sound it effortless if it is time to educate. During this period, the children copy the words and sounds imitative method. Because phonetic hearing is laid at an early age. It is important not to lose momentum and to provide direction to the child in the right direction.
Training in the middle group
Sound culture of speech in the middle group preschoolers (aged 4 to 5 years) consists of speech hearing and breath, which are the beginning of language emergence. Education in this group begins with the account of knowledge that was previously obtained. The primary task of the teacher to teach the children clearly and correctly pronounce the sounds of the Russian language. Specialist pays special attention to the hissing and whistling sounds, learns to correctly pronounce the phrase and complex word forms skill intonational expressiveness. In addition, a speech therapist teaches children with a high level of development of speech hearing, which will help them to change their own tone of voice, intonation to highlight words in sentences. Sound culture of speech in the middle group also focused on development of speech breath, phonemic awareness, voice and articulation apparatus.
Training in the older group
Sound culture of speech in the older group (age 6-7 years) continues the formation of previously obtained skills. Teachers strive to improve the development of the articulation device of the child, monitoring the pronunciation of sounds using a variety of exercises to develop phonemic hearing, learn to define a sound place in the word, to correctly use intonation and rate of speech. Speech therapists also address the speech defects or shortcomings of a sound pronunciation, improve their skills, study samples of correct literary pronunciation of words of the native language. Sound culture of speech in the older group needs to provide children with good phonemic hearing, to teach the reading of words, sentences and small texts to understand the differences between the terms, to make proposals and carry out sound analysis. Ending training in the older group, children are able to distinguish between vowels and consonants, the sounds they denote. Typically, teachers prepare preschoolers in the preparatory stage, which starts before entering school.
What is didactic game?
Didactic games in kindergarten is training classes that help preschool children gain new knowledge in the exciting games. They are distinguished by the presence of rules, a clear structure and system of evaluation. Educational games solve a number of tasks set by the teacher. There is a whole methodology that allows in this way to develop phonetic hearing of the child. The teaching method gradually brings up the correct pronunciation of sounds of the Russian language and listening skills. All games have certain objectives, which are reduced to the selection of sounds in beginning, middle and end of the desired word. For example, the game "Sonic hide and seek" is designed for children up to the age of six years. Is a game for the group, monitored by teacher. The goal is the development of attention and phonetic hearing. As subsidiary subjects used the ball. The facilitator needs to make a word that has a certain sound, for example "z". Then he throws in turn the ball to the guys saying different words which contain that sound. The task of the children to catch a ball with words the sound you want, and the rest of the "word" to beat.
The problems of the development of audible speech exist?
Today's children are much more likely to suffer from problems of formation of a sound pronunciation and speech. The reason is computerization, lack of communication with peers and parents. Often the parents provide the child himself, as well as toys, TV, gadgets. Experts suggest to read books together with children to learn poems, rhymes, tongue twisters. The formation of the sound of speech culture is connected with the development of fine motor skills of the fingers. In order to captivate and to introduce the child to learning, it is necessary to give as often as possible the kid job to build a house out of blocks, puzzles and color the pyramid. To raise a sound the child must always. In kindergarten, during the games, walks in the Park. Talk to your child, pay attention to interesting details, such as color of leaves and plants, count birds, consider the flowers. Without an integrated approach to the formation of a properly organized speech impossible. This should involve both parents and teachers of preschool institutions.