Age features of the child 6-7 years: physiological, psychological
Children 7 years – it's the guys who are in preschool or younger school age. This means that their psychology and physiology sure will soon change. Many parents characteristics age characteristics of children 6-7 years seem surprising, but that doesn't mean it's bad. Just be prepared for the fact that the child is entering a new phase in its development.
This age is characterized by the fact that the baby is active, open-minded and optimistic towards life in society. He tries to learn more and more information, to make friends with all other people. In parallel, they are acquiring communication skills that will be required in school.
In addition, the age characteristics of the child 6-7 years there are physical. They are no less important than psychological.
The physiological characteristics of preschoolers
Physiology is the change in the structure of the organism while growing up. The child is 6-7 years it is possible to allocate the following features:
- The body is proportionally increased.
- Growth varies mainly within 113-122, see
- Weight is 21-25 pounds.
- Develop all the nerve processes in the body.
- Mobility of nervous processes is weak. For example, a girl 7 years still can not quickly respond to the boy who insulted her in kindergarten, she usually gets offended and leaves or starts crying.
- The respiratory system is poorly developed, there is a strong need for oxygen.
- The heart muscle becomes considerably thicker. Also quickens the heartbeat, but it's not quite rhythmic.
- The child's muscles become larger and denser. The baby becomes stronger. However, the muscular system, as a rule, development is uneven, so in a child's life should be exercise.
- The work of the senses is developing rapidly, this contributes to a constant learning experience.
Adults and children should interact. Parents should take an active part in the development of the child. Follow the health and behavior of the baby, in order to spot possible violations. Caring and attentive parents usually prevent all sorts of problems, but if this cannot be done, the diseases quickly cured.
Do not neglect also by the words of a child. If he wants you to say something, listen to him. Often, children themselves report that they feel discomfort. This information helps to quickly fix the problem of family life. Timely drive the child to the doctor, it is a good prevention of various diseases.
What happens to the mental state of a preschooler
Children 7 years and actively learn about the world. Usually the behavior of a baby of this age you may notice some features:
- He readily perceives the new rules, which he was told in school. The child is open to communication with peers and teachers.
- The child is able to consider any problem, not only with his hand. Gradually, he accustomed to consider the point of view of others.
- The child understands the signs of many objects and is able to analyze them. For example, a boy of 7 years understands that the remote control cars will stop working if you immerse it in water, and the stone which he throws, can break the glass. In this regard, children become more cautious.
- The child begins to understand that in life there are not only games. Actively developing cognitive process. But at the same time, the baby hard to concentrate long enough on one task, especially if he thought it was interesting.
- The kid emotionally and physically completely ready for school. He is capable of 30-45 minutes to focus on one task. In addition, the desire to learn something new, the preschooler is superior to any adult.
- Be careful, because the child is very sensitive to the opinions of other people. Girl 7 years, for example, would consider themselves ugly, if she said the classmate. It is important to explain to the child that it is not always the words of others are true, so he formed his own wrong way.
It is also worth to note that age-related psychological characteristics of children 6-7 years do not end on the General provisions. There are other factors indicating that the child is developing in accordance with their age.
Mathematical characteristics of children of senior preschool age
Age features of the child 6-7 years suggest that baby:
- Able to add and subtract numbers.
- Can solve simple puzzles and disassemble simple puzzles.
- Able to correctly determine the direction of movement.
- Can count at least to 10.
- Correctly identifies what number is more, some less.
- Correctly identifies the shape of objects. Knows how to look like simple geometric shapes.
- Knows simple math.
- Solves problems in one step, may make such tasks independently.
- Able to call a numeric number in reverse order.
Along with such mathematical abilities in a child should be thinking.
Age features of the child 6-7 years: logical thinking
Age characteristics of older preschoolers manifest themselves in logical thinking:
- The child should be able to identify the pattern and complete the number of subjects, following the logic.
- The kid is able to find the odd object, a sign or number of the proposed series.
- The child should be able to compose simple stories based on the pictures. In addition, he must think of the ending of various stories.
- A preschooler should be able to combine items into groups based on common characteristics.
Mathematical ability does not always determine the child's level of development. It is also important to consider other elements in his thinking. In particular, pay attention to the development of speech.
Speech older preschoolers
Age features of the child 6-7 years manifest themselves in his speech:
- The kid should be able to call your name, surname, the city where he lives. He also needs to know the same information about their parents.
- The child should know by heart their home address and phone number.
- Adults and children need to communicate, without feeling discomfort. The child's speech should be coherent and coordinated so that the parents could easily understand it.
- The child should be able to paint the intonation of your thoughts.
- The kid should know when he tells you something, when you ask a question when require you to perform any task.
- The child is able to debate and engage in discussions, ask questions and formulate their own demands.
- In addition to the dialogue, the kid should own monologue.
- The child should know a large number of poems by heart. In addition, it is desirable that he was able to tell them with expression.
Full language development of a preschooler is impossible without knowledge of the outside world.
Knowledge of the world
Age features of the child 6-7 years must necessarily affect his desire to learn about the world. He must know how things are called who surround him, whom he calls the people with whom he lives and communicates the name of Pets.
That is, the baby should fully navigate the environment and to adequately assess it. A preschooler who is developing harmoniously, always aware of their position in society and behaves in accordance with it.
The behavior of the preschool child in the home
Baby, being part of a community should be able to:
- To make phone calls.
- Independently sew a button or sew up a small hole.
- Cultural act at the table.
- To observe basic rules of personal hygiene.
- Independently put on the robe, zip up a zipper and buttons, tying shoelaces.
- To monitor the cleanliness of their clothes and shoes, for as hairstyles and nails.
- To recognize the signs that delivers the traffic light. That is, he must be competent in the basic rules of the road.
- To understand the system calendar. He should be able to determine the month, day of week, date and time on the clock.
A significant factor in the development of the preschool child is self-esteem.
The child's self-esteem
Self – esteem is an important indicator, which speaks of the correct development of the preschooler. Features of this criterion are as follows:
- The child must strive to meet the expectations of adults.
- His self-esteem in different spheres of life can differ significantly.
- The adequacy of self-assessment is missing. It largely depends on the opinions of others.
However, the child should not strive to fulfill all the requirements of adults.
The older preschool child can make their own decisions. This means that his behavior is not always predictable.
The development of the baby can be considered normal if he occasionally takes perseverance shall enter into discussions, debates, self tries to overcome the difficulties and to cope with problems.
Tips for parents
For a child it is important that you:
- Picked up for him a school suited to his personality type.
- Did not give it to the school if he is not ready for it.
- Left him time for games and Hobbies.
- Adequately assess his readiness for school.
- Not oppressed his self-esteem angry comments. Understand that the baby takes everything to heart.
- Taught him how to self-assess themselves and the results of their activities.
- Understand that the successes and failures of the baby – these are temporary factors. Don't take them personally, and grieve not the child's criticism.
Thus, the characteristics of the child of preschool age are expressed in his psychology and physiology. So watch for changes in behavior of the kid, to predict possible problems and time to deal with them.