Chickenpox in children
Varicella (chickenpox) is an acute viral disease that manifests itself in the form of rash-bubbles all over the body and is transmitted, as a rule, by airborne droplets.
Chickenpox in children. Symptoms
The photo that you see in front of you clearly demonstrates the main symptom of this unattractive illness. Veterinarians are most often affected by preschool children or younger schoolchildren. But sometimes it occurs in adults. Children tolerate the disease much softer and easier. The incubation period of the disease can last from one week to three. The first signs of the disease - fever, the appearance of drowsiness, weakness, headache. Adults often believe that the child has an ORZ. A few days later, the patient has red spots - first on the face, and then on the entire body, even on the mucous membrane of the eyes, mouth, genitals. This is how the chicken pox develops in children. The symptom, which appeared in the form of a rash, will be the main manifestation of the disease. Over time, the spots turn into constantly itchy bubbles with liquid. In no case they can not be torn, because it will lead to the appearance of suppuration, and after recovery on the body will remain ugly scars. If you do not touch the bubbles, the crust formed on them will soon disappear, and there will be no traces left on the skin.
Source of the disease
Infecting chickenpox can be from a sick person, and even if he has not yet appeared on the body rash, but there are only primary symptoms. Therefore, this disease is very insidious, it is almost impossible to protect healthy children from it. Not surprisingly, in schools and kindergartens, chickenpox outbreaks in children often appear in the form of outbreaks. The symptom that confirms its presence will not take long. Literally after a few days the face of the child is covered with a rash. It ceases to be a source of infection only when new red spots and blisters cease to appear. A recovered child has lifelong immunity to this disease.
Course of the disease
The acute period for chickenpox lasts no more than 4 days. A new rash still appears, but the temperature begins to subside. This means that the chicken pox is declining in children. Symptom confirming the decline of the disease, is that the patient at this time you can see and new red spots, and bubbles, and dried crust, which is about to fall away. Usually they disappear within a week or two after the appearance.
How to treat varicella?
In childhood, the disease is transferred quite easily. The child is at home treatment, following the instructions of the doctor. He needs to provide care and proper nutrition. Food should be vitamin and fractional, and eat often, in small portions, avoiding heavy meat food. The clothes and skin of the patient must be kept clean and tidy, the nails should be cut short to protect themselves from a new infection. Bubbles are usually greased with a solution of brilliant green to avoid suppuration, or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. To eliminate skin itching, you can lubricate problem areas with boiled water, diluted with vinegar in equal parts, and sprinkle with talc. The body of the child is desirable not to wet, but he must drink plenty of fluids. Do not use alcohol to lubricate the rash.
To avoid undesirable consequences, parents should be well-versed in what chicken pox is in children (symptoms). Komarovsky, a well-known children's doctor and a favorite of young mothers, believes that it's useless to use greenery with chicken pox. The ugly face of a small patient is too depressing and negatively affects the weak child's psyche. And the painted face will only let the parents know if a new rash appears on it, whether the chickenpox has reached its peak in children. Symptoms - the presence on the body of a sick rash, greased with greenery, and the absence of new (red) rashes - indicate that the child is at the stage of recovery and is no longer contagious.
Complications of the disease
Some children after a previous illness can have purulent eruptions. In such cases, antibiotics can not be avoided. The virus of chickenpox can affect the heart, brain, liver, kidneys, eyes and joints, but this happens very rarely. If any violations of the activity of these organs occur, it is necessary to consult a specialist and not start a disease.