The rabbit swollen eyes: possible causes, methods and treatment
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The most common disease, manifested by redness, inflammation, swelling of the eyes is conjunctivitis occurring in mucous and purulent forms. Why do rabbits have swollen eyes? Inflammation of the organs of vision occurs as a result of irritation of chemicals, the ingress of small particles of feed, sand, dust or owing to the lack of vitamin A.
If a rabbit has swollen eyes — we can assume the infected mucous (catarrhal) conjunctivitis, signs of which are:
- polusekretnye or closure of the optic fissure,
- redness and swelling of the conjunctiva – transparent mucous membrane, the outer covering of the eyeball
- fear of light.
Symptoms of purulent forms of the disease:
- strong swelling of the conjunctiva,
- pus from the inner corner of the eye,
- gluing of the eyelids,
- clouding of the cornea,
- ulcerations, and cataracts,
- ulcers and erosion on the edges of the eyelids.
How to treat conjunctivitis in rabbits?
If a rabbit has swollen eyes and all signs of conjunctivitis, the treatment should be carried out in several stages:
- by rinsing with a solution of low concentration furatsilina (1:5000)
- burying zinc drops (2-3 drops), or of 0.5 % resorcinol
- wiping with a 3 % boric acid solution with a cotton swab — this allows you to remove formed crust and pus
- laying under eyelids boric ointment or iodobromine
- prisypannom formed ulcers with a mixture of icing sugar and powder of calomel in equal proportions.
When not treated in disease processes is being drawn the whole body: the animal has fever, difficulty in coordinating movements, convulsions appear. In the end, the rabbits go blind, lose weight and die.
Prevention of conjunctivitis
There is a perception that conjunctivitis in rabbits can be treated with the same drugs as men, but consult a vet is still needed. In order to prevent it is recommended to keep clean cages and equipment, carry out periodic disinfection. In one's diet to include food with carotene content: cabbage, carrots with green leaves, hay, legume in the early growing season.
Myxomatosis: causes of infection
If a rabbit has swollen eyes and nose, it may be myxomatosis is an infectious, acute disease with an epidemic character and is transmitted in several ways, namely through:
- blood-sucking insects carrying the virus to the salivary glands (fleas, mosquitoes, ticks)
- infected animals
- improvised equipment, drinkers, feeders – that is, through everyday life.
The symptoms of the edematous form
Edematous form of myxomatosis is incurable, is characterized by rapid development (2 to 7 days) and a high rate of fatality. If a rabbit has swollen eyes and nose, it can be assumed this form of the disease is also accompanied by:
- redness and watering of eyes, subsequently developing into conjunctivitis with formation of crusts,
- edematous condition of the nasal cavities, accompanied by purulent masses
- difficulty breathing, often wheezing,
- inflammation of the external genital organs,
- strong hair loss
- education throughout the body the large cone filled with liquid.
Besides the fact that the rabbit had a swollen eye, there is a General depression of the animal, dull eyes, drooping ears. Pet stops eating. Dies within weeks.
If a rabbit has swollen eyes and ears, it certainly confirms infection with myxomatosis. How to cure it? Treatment of edematous forms of myxomatosis often pointless: sick individuals should be isolated from the rest of the herd to avoid infecting other rabbits. The disease is most actively growing in the summer-autumn period, so you need to constantly monitor the status of Pets: maybe rabbits have red puffy eyes, swollen eyelids, sluggish and sick.
Features of the nodular form of myxomatosis
Myxomatosis in nodular form is not dangerous and is characterized by more gradual developments: the rabbit does not die immediately, fully powered, normal feeling. The presence of the disease can be judged by a small nodular formations, often appear on the animal's head, eyes and ears. The next stage of the disease affects the organs of sight: rabbits have swollen eyes. What to do when it detects dangerous symptoms? How to treat an animal?
You should know that nodular form of myxomatosis is also characterized by the appearance of a runny nose and a hoarse breath. The nodules increase, the head covered with swollen areas. The crisis of the disease is observed after 9-11 days. Then all signs of the acute form of myxomatosis: loss of appetite, wheezing,, multiple tumors, disfiguring the animal beyond recognition, in some cases, the development of pneumonia. Unlike the nodular form of the disease from acute is its gradual attenuation of 30-40 day. If the animal was hardy enough it recovers. The survival rate is 50 %. In any case, a pet that fellow, the hazard should be treated with antibiotics and external antiseptics. It is necessary to disinfect the rabbitry litter deeply buried, the rest of the rabbits to introduce the vaccine.
Treatment for myxomatosis
The rabbit had a swollen eye. Than to treat? Treatment of myxomatosis effectively at the early stages and consists in subcutaneous daily injections of "Gamavit" 2 ml and 1 ml "Fosprenil" until full recovery. Also during the week, 2 times a day to give the animal the drug "Baytril" (drinking) at the rate of 1 ml per 10 kg of live weight. Eye drops should be instilled and the wound treating an alcoholic solution of iodine. To prevent infecting healthy individuals who recovered rabbits should be kept in quarantine for about 2-3 months.
To prevent infection with myxomatosis can only be preventive measures, namely the vaccination of all livestock at an early age. Held twice: at the age of 28-45 days with a recurrence after 3 months. Dosage – 1 ml subcutaneously. The formation of immunity to myxomatosis occurs on the seventh day after injection and lasts for 8-9 months. Vaccination against myxomatosis is done annually in March. As the associated sanitary and hygienic measures should prevent contact of Pets with strangers to be able to also act as a vector of myxomatosis. The cage and area around them must be kept clean, and animals to provide clean drinking water and quality food.
Pasteurellosis: description, characteristics
Why do rabbits have swollen eyes? This symptom can be a sign of infection pasteurellosis – an infectious disease, which is the causative agent Bacillus Pasteurella, lokalizirutesa in the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract. The manifestation of the first symptoms are mild and are observed in 5-10 hours after infection.
In the acute form the disease is manifested by a fever, hyperemia of mucous membranes, severe swelling of the upper respiratory tract. Sick animals are characterized by a gloomy, lack of appetite. The lethal outcome occurs on the second day after infection.
In the chronic form of the disease accumulates in the digestive tract and respiratory apparatus, manifests itself purulent discharge from the nose and diarrhoea. The animal dies within weeks.
Causes infected with pasteurellosis
If a rabbit has swollen eyes, what can cause this phenomenon? Reasons for the spread of pasteurellosis are infected animals, drinking water, food, containing pathogenic microorganisms. To treat the disease antibiotics are used (intramuscularly) and sulfa drugs: "Norsulfazol", "Tetracycline", "Biomitsin", "Levomicol", "Oxytetracycline". Treatment of chronic forms of the disease during the first 3 days is sulfa drugs, the next 3 days should be to inject intramuscular antibiotics, then again to continue treatment sulfa drugs. The total duration of such therapy is 9-10 days.
To prevent infecting your Pets with pasteurellosis vaccine used abstractformula acceptable to the young age of 1.5 months and older. The younger rabbits every 7 days entered a special serum at the rate of 4 ml per 1 kg of live weight.
Malocclusion: description of the disease
Rabbits have red swollen eyes can be observed in malocclusion disease, irregular appearance of teeth, whose roots are all the time putting pressure on the eyeballs. Often pressure is so strong that their eyes seem to fall out of orbit. In advanced stages of the disease the only solution is only the amputation of the organ of vision.