Cichlasoma Salvini: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo
Cichlasoma Salvini at a young age seems ugly gray fish that won't attract attention. However, upon reaching adulthood she is bright, beautiful and just catches the eye.
Cichlasoma Salvini was first described in far 1862, a zoologist of German origin albert Gunther. These exotic fish live in the waters of Central America. They meet in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala. They were also introduced into the USA and spread in the States of Texas and Florida.
Cichlasoma prefer rivers with strong to medium current. They are predators and feed on small fish, invertebrates and insects. Unlike other cichlasomas, Salvini not hiding in my driftwood and stones, and actively hunt in open spaces.
Looks like cichlasoma Salvini? Photos show that this brightly colored fish of medium size. Cichlasoma can grow to considerable size, up to 22 cm, but is usually in the aquarium it reaches such length and stops the growth of 15-18 cm and all relatives, Salvini territorial and aggressive. With good care can live up to 13 years.
The body I is elongated, oval, snout sharp. Young fish that have not reached puberty, have a plain grayish-yellow color. Adult cichlasoma painted brightly. The basic color is yellow, but the body are longitudinal black stripes. One continuous black strip runs right along the center line of the body, the second interrupted, breaking up into separate spots on the back and upper fin. The belly and anal fin are red.
Features in the content
For novice aquarists cichlasoma Salvini will be complex in content, despite the fact that the water parameters it is not selective. For keeping one pair of Salvini will need an aquarium of 200 liters. But if you plan to keep them in company with other species of fish, the volume will have to increase in 2 times. Also cichlasomas temper, they become particularly aggressive during spawning.
In nature cichlasoma Salvini is a predator. Representatives of this species feed on live food – fish, invertebrates, insects. Artificial content Salvini relate to omnivores, as they readily eat all kinds of artificial, ice cream and live feed.
The main food is usually special food for cichlids. However, additionally you need to give frozen or live food – bloodworm, koretra, Tubifex, brine shrimp, earthworms and larvae of the cricket. You also need to pamper fish green food – spinach, lettuce, dandelion, cucumber, zucchini and other chopped vegetables. Some fans feed their Pets frozen seafood, live fish and shrimp.
How to care for a fish like Salvini cichlasoma? The contents of these beauties though is not particularly difficult, but not under the power of newcomers. The main problems brings quarrelsome character of the fish.
Experts say that for a comfortable existence, one pair of cichlasomas will need a capacity of 200 liters. In a large aquarium can contain several individuals, each adding on 30-40 liters of water. Grunt you can use any, but better to take small pebbles or granite chips. To plant plants with powerful roots need a thick layer of soil of 8 cm.
At the bottom of the aquarium should be sure to place shelters and grottoes out of stones and driftwood. These ornaments will become a refuge for fish who want to hide from the aggressor. Usually cichlids destroy plants, but I treat them more carefully.
Plants should have strong root system. For example, suitable cryptocorynes, echinodorus, peristaltic, Vallisneria, canadian. The composition of the water cichlids are not picky. Temperature 24-26 degrees, the acidity is 7-8,5 pH, hardness from 5 to 20°dH.
Cichlasoma Salvini does not like the lighting is too bright and prefers the shelter, protected from the intense light of the upper lamps. If you set the cap too powerful lamps, the fish will spend almost all the time in shelters and will not enjoy its bright color. It will be enough power fluorescent lamps of 0.3 Watt per liter water.
Required filtration and aeration, the water should be clean and saturated with oxygen. Each week to make a change 20% of water and siphon the soil.
Who get along cichlasoma Salvini? The compatibility of this fish species is limited, as in other cichlids. Salvini is not very suitable for habitation in the General aquarium. Their neighbors can't be a small fish, guppies, neons, rasbory or shrimp. Cichlids are predators of smaller animals will be perceived solely as a food.
Cichlids are also territorial, so, choose your area and fiercely guard it from the other fish. However, they will not be perceived as competitors melkogalechnyj soms and Tarakanov. Can I coexist with my family – cichlids chernoplodnoy, mangueshi, meeka.
You need to understand that the larger fish, the larger should be the aquarium. It becomes especially important during spawning, when the couple carefully protects his land. To reduce aggression will help a large number of shelters, space for swimming and abundant feeding.
Male Salvini are much larger than females. His fins are long and pointed. The female is small and on the bottom of the Gill covers it has a small dark spot.
As it spawns cichlasoma Salvini? Reproduction begins when fish reach the age of 10-12 months. As a teenager formed a permanent pair. Spawning can occur both in spawning and in the General aquarium, if one of sufficient size.
During spawning, the pair becomes aggressive and at the same time fearful. Excessive stress may lead to the death of offspring and parents. For spawning enough aquarium 100 liters. At the bottom there should be plenty of hiding places, caves. Spawn encourages the replacement of water and temperature increase by 2-4 degrees.
A smooth stone, the female will dismiss 500 eggs, of which 3 days will the larvae. Feed the fry live with the dust, all nauplii of Artemia, chopped Tubifex. In the rearing tank should be the temperature is exactly 26 degrees. Parents can transplant. If spawning occurs in a community tank, the parents will take care of the offspring.
Cichlasoma Salvini is a beautiful fish with interesting behavior and bright color. She needs a spacious aquarium with plenty of hiding places and clean water. Looks especially good variegated cichlasoma on the background of stone grottoes and greenery.