Cilzini salvini: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo
Cilzini salvini at a young age seems like an ordinary gray fish, which does not attract attention. However, after reaching adulthood, it becomes bright, beautiful and simply attracts a glance.
The salvini columbine was first described in the distant 1862th by the German zoologist Albert Günter. These exotic fishes live in the reservoirs of Central America. They are met in Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala. They were also brought to the US and spread to the states of Texas and Florida.
Tsikhlazomy prefer rivers with a strong and medium flow. They are predators and feed on small fishes, invertebrates and insects. Unlike the other cichlases, salvini do not hide from snags and stones, but actively hunt in open spaces.
What does the salvini cichlasma look like? The photos show that this is a brightly colored fish of medium size. Tsikhlazoma can grow to a considerable size - up to 22 cm, but usually in an aquarium it does not reach this length and stops at a height of 15-18 cm. Like all relatives, salvini is territorial and aggressive. With good care can live up to 13 years.
Body salvini elongated, oval, acute muzzle. Young fish, not reaching puberty, have an unprepossessing grayish-yellow color. Adult cichlasma is colored brightly. The main color is yellow, but longitudinal black strips along the body. One continuous black stripe runs straight along the central line of the body, the second is interrupted, disintegrating into separate spots on the back and upper fin. Abdomen and anal fin red.
Features in the content
For beginning aquarists, cichlazoma salvini will be difficult to maintain, even though it is not demanding for water parameters. To keep one pair of salvini, you will need an aquarium of 200 liters. And if it is planned to keep them in the company with other fish species, then the volume will have to be doubled. Also, in cichlases an explosive temperament, especially aggressive, they become during spawning.
In the nature of cichlazoma, salvini is a predator. Representatives of this species feed on live food - fish, invertebrates, insects. With artificial content, salvinis is referred to omnivores, as they readily eat all kinds of artificial, ice cream and live food.
The main food, as a rule, is a special food for cichlids. However, in addition, you need to give frozen or live food - bloodworm, root, tubule, artemia, earthworms and cricket larvae. You also need to spoil the fish with green food - spinach, salad, dandelion, cucumber, zucchini and other chopped vegetables. Some lovers feed their pets with frozen seafood, live fish and shrimp.
How to care for such a fish, as cichlazoma salvini? The content of these beauties, although not very difficult, but not under the power of newcomers. The main problem is the unsettling nature of the fish.
Experts argue that for a comfortable existence one pair of cihlaz will need a capacity of 200 liters. In a large aquarium you can keep several individuals, adding 30-40 liters of water to each. Ground can be used any, but it is better to take a small pebble or granite chips. To plant plants with powerful roots, you need a thick layer of soil of 8 cm.
At the bottom of the aquarium it is necessary to place shelters and grottos from stones and snags. These decorations will become a refuge for the fish, which will want to hide from the aggressor. Usually cichlids destroy plants, but salvini treat them more carefully.
Plants should have a powerful root system. For example, cryptocoryns, echinodorus, peristhole, vallisneria, elodea are suitable. The composition of water cichlids are not exacting. Temperature - 24-26 degrees, acidity - 7-8,5 pH, rigidity - from 5 to 20 ° dH.
Tsiklazoma salvini does not like too bright lighting and prefers shelter, protected from the intense light of the upper lamps. If you install in the cover too powerful lamps, the fish will spend almost all the time in shelters and will not let you see your bright colors. Enough will be the power of fluorescent lamps 0.3 Watt per liter of water.
Filtration and aeration are necessary, water must be clean and saturated with oxygen. Every week, you need to replace 20% of water and siphonize the soil.
Who will get along with cilhazoma salvini? Compatibility of this fish species is limited, as in other cichlids. Salvini is not very suitable for living in a common aquarium. Their neighbors can not be small fish - guppies, neons, dips or shrimp. Cichlids are predators, which all small animals will only perceive as food.
Also, cichlids are territorial, which means they choose their site and furiously protect it from other fish. However, they will not be perceived as competitors of sackhooked soms and tarakatums. Can coexist salvini with his relatives - cichlids black-striped, Managuan, meek.
It should be understood that the larger the fish, the more spacious the aquarium should be. This is especially important during spawning, when the couple is particularly careful to protect their site. To reduce the aggression will help a large number of shelters, space for swimming and abundant feeding.
The male salvini is much larger than the female. Its fins are long and pointed. The female is small, and on the lower part of the gill cover, it has a small dark speck.
How does the saliva cichlasma spawn? Reproduction begins when the fish reach the age of 10-12 months. Even in adolescence, permanent couples are formed. Spawning can occur both in spawning and in a common aquarium, if it is of sufficient size.
During spawning, the couple becomes aggressive and at the same time timid. Excessive stress can lead to the death of offspring and parents. For spawning, an aquarium of 100 liters is sufficient. At the bottom should be a lot of shelters, grottos. Spawning stimulates the replacement of water and a rise in temperature by 2-4 degrees.
The female will mark 500 eggs on a smooth stone, from which in 3 days larvae will appear. The fry are fed with live dust, Artemia nauplii, chopped tubular. In the growing tank should be a temperature of exactly 26 degrees. Parents can be dropped. If spawning occurs in a common aquarium, the parents will take care of the offspring.
Cilzini salvini is a beautiful fish with interesting behavior and bright coloration. It needs a spacious aquarium with plenty of shelters and clean water. Particularly well-looked variegated cichlazoma on the background of stone grottoes and green vegetation.