Labor education of preschool children in accordance with GEF: the purpose, tasks, planning of labor education in accordance with GEF, the problem of labor education of preschool children
- home and family
- Labor education of preschool children in accordance with GEF: the purpose, tasks, planning of labor education in accordance with GEF, the problem of labor education of preschool children
To lay down in the child the desire and ability to work it is necessary from the preschool age. Proceeding from this, pre-school institutions place one of the main goals in the labor education of preschool children. In accordance with GEF DO this term is understood to mean the system of formation in each child of diligence and work skills. And also the desire to learn to work.
The main goal of the labor education of preschool children is the formation of a careful attitude to any work and a clear idea of the work activity of adults.
In connection with this goal, the state standard identifies the following main tasks:
- Formation of clear ideas about adult work and the importance of labor in life.
- Formation of knowledge, skills and skills necessary for labor activity.
- Respect respect for any work.
Types of labor and tasks
The GEF Do assumes the following types of work:
- economic labor;
- natural labor;
- manual labor.
For each type, it is possible to single out certain tasks of labor education of preschool children.
- to teach yourself how to take care of yourself: to dress, to undress according to a clear, correct algorithm, to fold things correctly, to be able to take care of your things, shoes and toys;
- teach yourself to identify the contamination and damage to clothing and properly remove them, as well as find one from a friend and help him to correct;
- teach yourself to prepare for classes, eating, walking and sleeping.
- continue to teach to maintain order in the room, and in case of identifying problems with the tutor to eliminate them;
- to teach children to street work: to remove garbage, to clear the tracks from dirt, snow and sand;
- learn to work independently in the canteen of the institution: cook and cover tables (only those dishes that the child can carry, more often it's plates with bread and cheese or fruit), clean dirty dishes behind him and leave clean tables and room after him;
- teach yourself to prepare a workplace, put things in order and clean up things after class.
- to cultivate respect for the world around them;
- teach to take care of animals that are in the DOW, namely: clean up for animals, clean cells and water in a timely manner, monitor food availability in pets;
- to educate in children the desire to help adults in the garden or garden: plant, water, clean the weeds.
- teach yourself to use objects of manual labor in the classroom;
- teach the kids to make simple applications, paintings, cards, souvenirs and ornaments;
- form children's desire to repair and restore toys, books and other items;
- teach children to use the material correctly and economically.
It is important to take into account that the first two types of work should be formed during all the years of stay in the kindergarten, and manual work begins only 1-2 years before graduation from preschool.
How does each type of work affect the child?
Due to the formation of self-service skills, pupils have such qualities as self-confidence, the ability to solve their problems independently and be independent of parents or other important adults.
The implementation of the tasks of economic labor allows children to understand that they can improve the environment independently and without any help. All the knowledge that the Dow will give to children will play a significant role in the future.
Working with nature helps children improve their mood, self-esteem; allows you to teach children how to grow a product, flower and carry out proper care; develops the child's thinking processes.
Learning manual labor helps children to believe in their own strength and understand that they can do a beautiful thing on their own and please not only themselves, but also their loved ones with it.
Proceeding from the above, it is necessary to conclude that it is very important to include all types of activities in the education plan, because only thanks to this the tutor will be able to release a person fully prepared for school and adult life from the kindergarten.
Forms of organization of labor activity
For the full education of work in preschoolers should use the following forms:
Let's consider in detail all aspects of each of the forms.
Instructions - the most pleasant and effective means of education and development of work qualities. Children really like it when they are commissioned by authoritative adults, and in order to receive praise from this person, they will try to carry out the assignment well, quickly and correctly.
Instructions are of three types: individual, group, general.
Beginning with instructions specifically to one child, and only then, at an older age, go to the group. In addition, at a younger age, assignments should be small and easy. As the child grows, tasks should be complicated.
It is very important to always praise a child not only for successful performance, but also for aspiration and desire to help. Do not assume that helping the child in the assignment will have a negative result, on the contrary, helping the kids, you realize their sense of security and confidence in others.
Watching is a specific task given by a few pupils of a kindergarten, which requires special responsibility. Due to duty, children feel their importance for preschool, responsibility for the task and understand that their role and active participation in the group are important. In addition, the duty groups unite the children's collective, and the common cause helps children to get to know each other better.
Joint work allows the kids to correctly allocate responsibilities, select roles for each participant and be responsible for carrying out their work before the group. The upbringing of preschool children in accordance with the GEF is realized through the listed forms of activity, which were selected by experienced teachers due to the conducted research.
How to distribute classes?
In order to realize the goal of labor education of preschool children, it is necessary to plan the activity correctly. It is very important in the selection of activities to take into account age characteristics.
It should be noted that it is necessary to use all forms of activity and distribute them with the appropriate load for children.
Inadequate planning of labor education in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standards for the Second Aid and its outcome
Two groups are united in one type, since the age of the kids and their possibilities are approximately the same. At this age, you can give such instructions as to pour a flower from a children's watering can (only one pot, if it's a street, then one small flowerbed), take a small object from one place to another, hang your clothes to dry. Duty and collective tasks at this age do not apply.
The upbringing of preschool children in accordance with the GEF in the middle group requires a little more complicated assignments. For example, independently water all the flowers in the group, neatly hang your stuff, beautifully arrange toys, etc.
Getting acquainted with the new form of work - on duty. The very first watch is on the dining room. Children should be watched so that everyone has their instruments, bread, cheese on their desks and carefully watch that all the inmates wash their hands before eating. It is also possible to instruct the attendants to serve fruits or vegetables on the table, but not completely on the table, but 2 pieces each.
In the older group, the children are already older, and their possibilities have significantly expanded. Now it is necessary to introduce this kind of labor education, as collective work. It is recommended to start with interesting and exciting activities. A good collective work at this age will be the cultivation of a flower by a group. Each of the children will distribute their duties: someone watches the watering, someone after loosening the land, and someone - for sufficient sunlight. Thus, the educator shapes preschoolers' feelings of love and concern for the environment and the ability to perform work in the team.
Labor education in accordance with GEF DOs in this group is intended for the serious preparation of future graduates of the kindergarten for big changes. This will be a new stage of life - school. Therefore, it is very important to prepare an independent, educated and hardworking first-grader. For this, it is necessary to alternate all forms of labor activity. It is obligatory to conduct collective work once a week, but not for long. That is, the work must be started and finished on the same day. It can be making collages, cleaning in a corner of animals or on the street, etc.
The teacher is obliged to maximally develop the desire for work and the desire to work.
Work and parents
It is also important to work in the upbringing of preschool children in accordance with the GEF for parents. In addition, the result of the "vaccination" of love and a good attitude towards work largely depends on them.
Those rules that are present in the preschool institution should be used by parents at home. Otherwise, a mismatch of requirements may lead to a misunderstanding on the part of the child of what is required of him. The consequences of such disagreements are different: minimal - the child will be constantly not sure whether he is doing the job correctly, the maximum - if you need to do this in one place and do not need it in another and you need it differently, the child will decide that the adults themselves They do not know what they expect from the baby and come up with the rules themselves. And if such requirements are just fiction, then they can not be performed.
The problem of labor education of preschool children is solved only by the joint work of parents and a teacher. To do this, it is necessary to arrange parental meetings as often as possible, where to agree on the rules, tasks and methods of raising children. Parents, in turn, must attend all meetings and take an active part in them.
Remember, only by uniting you can achieve positive results! Do not dump all the work on educators, and then teachers. Their goal is only to direct the children in the right direction, and yours is to make every effort to have the child learn.
In order for the labor education of preschool children in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standards to have a positive result, it is necessary to monitor the hygiene of children and the cleanliness of the items with which they work.
The effectiveness of the labor education of preschool children in accordance with the GEF is increased when work is conducted outdoors. If children work in an institution, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the premises and monitor the cleanliness of the items.
When children work on a craft or draw, the room should be well lit, so as not to harm the child's vision.
The pose for work is of great importance. It is impossible that pupils spent more than an hour in one position, as this is very harmful for the spine that forms.
The importance of labor education for preschoolers
A person must be trained in labor, as this is the only source of a happy existence. Diligence from early years ensures success and prosperity in the future. Trained from infancy, children are more independent, adapt easily to any conditions and solve all kinds of problems faster. Diligence enables a person to gain confidence in himself and tomorrow.
The upbringing of preschool children in accordance with the GEF is aimed at maximizing the child's knowledge and skills, so that the pupil of the kindergarten can safely develop further and get respect from relatives, friends and even strangers.
Labor education of preschool children in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standards in the tables given in the article, reveals in detail the essence and problems of the formation of diligence.
The most important thing is to start involving children in the labor process from a small age. You need to do this in a game form, but with certain requirements. It is necessary to praise the child, even if he does not succeed.
It is important to note that work on labor education is necessary in accordance with age characteristics and it is important to take into account the individual abilities of each child.
And remember, only together with parents it is possible to fully implement the labor education of preschoolers in accordance with the GEF!