Dachshund: breed description and dog breeders reviews
Dachshund is one of the most interesting and amazing hunting dogs. A small growth and an elongated body make this dog an ideal hunter. Even a large fighting dog will envy the might of the dachshund fangs, as well as clever paws. It is safe to say that these dogs are extremely popular all over the world, but the most widespread is in Germany. Let's talk in detail about what kind of animal this is - a dachshund. Description of the breed, reviews of dog breeders and much more we will consider in this article.
History of occurrence
Today it is difficult to say when exactly this breed was discovered. However, according to some reports, it is believed that in Egypt, the dachshund was withdrawn. Description of the breed on paper is first encountered in German. Crossed the German, French, and also English dogs, managed to bring out the thoroughbred dachshund. In translation from the German Dachshund means "dog badger". The fact is that at first the breed was used exclusively for hunting badgers. Currently, there are three varieties of tax: standard, dwarfish and rabbit. In addition, dogs are classified according to the length of the wool: long-haired, short-haired and woolly. The Dachshund, whose breed description was first made in the 1700s, was originally somewhat larger. But for breeding purposes, small specimens have always been selected that would be suitable for normal hunting. Few people may think that the dachshund is suitable not only for hunting badgers and hares - often it was released on a wild boar and even wolverine.
Standard Dachshund: breed description
The dog's paws are very short, but powerful enough. The body is elongated, and the weight is quite large for such sizes. Despite the length, the paws are not clumsy and well balanced, therefore runs dachshund quickly and does not experience any difficulties during the hunt. The head of the dog is somewhat elongated, as indicated by a flat skull. All individuals have a long enough neck, but at the same time a strong neck that harmoniously passes into the shoulders. Bite type "scissors", the number of teeth - 42. By the way, canines dachshunds are very strong and strong. It is noteworthy that the length of the ears at the dachshund developed deliberately. This is due to the fact that during hunting in burrows they were heavily polluted and various kinds of diseases appeared. Well, now let's talk about how smart the dachshunds are, and also about what behavior is inherent in them.
Intellect and character
It does not matter which class the animal, be it a mini-dachshund (a description of the breed we'll consider below) or a standard one, they behave approximately identically. All dogs are very active, intelligent, and also sociable. Nevertheless, changes are possible depending on the individual. Despite its small size, the dachshund is practically not afraid of anything. Can rush to the enemy, the size of which is many times greater. In addition, a large amount of energy makes the dogs of this breed almost ideal hunters. But any dachshund, hunting or just home, loves attention. If you do not take the time to play, then soon the animal will become more aggressive. If you want a less evil dog, the ideal choice is a mini-fee. The description of the breed is given below. I must say, this animal has several interesting features.
Such a dog is usually not higher than 21 centimeters in height and weighs no more than 4 kilograms. The color of the mini-dachshund is very varied: from shades of red to brown with white spots on the paws. In the rest, it's all the same friendly family pets. Many do not recommend releasing the animal from a leash. This is due to the fact that such dogs are very fond of hunting small animals or birds. They often get carried away and run very far from home.
Rabbit Dachshund: description of breed, nature
The need to obtain this breed appeared around the 19th century, when the normal hunting gained great popularity. The albino chirps had to be replaced by someone, and the mini-dachshunds were taken out of rabbits, which were usually used to hunt rabbits and hares. But later the breed became almost completely decorative and was not used for other purposes. Despite the fact that these animals are not used as workers, any dog breeder can develop hunting skills with the proper desire. It should be noted that the rabbit's dachshund is the most harmonious physique. Description of the breed is insignificantly different from that inherent in larger dues. It's still the same playful, intelligent dog that loves its master very much.
As already noted, all dachshunds are classified according to the length of the fur.
Smooth-haired individuals have a short and smooth cover. With proper care, the coat should shine. Experts say that it should not be too thick and long. The dog's tail is covered with a short woolen covering and tapers to the end.
What is a short-haired dachshund? Description of the breed should start with the fact that such a dog has a tough, as well as a homogeneous coarse wool. At the same time, the undercoat is slightly softer than the smooth-haired dachshund. These representatives are noteworthy for having eyebrows and beards, which makes them easy to distinguish among others.
Long-haired dachshunds have smooth wavy hair. The greatest length of the cover reaches on the chest, as well as under the neck and in the lower part of the dog's body. However, it should be noted that the cover should not be equally long throughout the body, in addition, excessive undulation to talk about the marriage of the individual. Among all the varieties described above, these dachshunds have the thickest and longest cover.
This breed of dogs, as, indeed, and any other, has a tendency to certain diseases. So, because of the long length, spinal disc disease can develop, which can lead to complete paralysis of the animal. Problems with the back are often hereditary, so it is necessary to solve this issue with the breeder. Each dachshund, a description of the breed, the nature of which we have considered, can become obese with age. To prevent this from happening, it is necessary to keep the animal in a tone, constantly give running, plenty to play, etc.
There are also variegated dachshunds. They often become blind. For this reason, it is very difficult to buy a variegated dachshund, because breeders refuse to breed them.
Classes with a dog and the development of the necessary qualities
It is not necessary to say once again that taxis are very active animals. Especially it concerns young individuals. But if you do not pay proper attention, then any dog with age will become lazy and obese. To maintain a healthy shape and appearance with your pet, you must often play and perform some exercises. For example, moving games into catch-up or hide-and-seek. In addition, do not forget to take the animal for a walk. For example, a dwarf fee, the breed description of which we cited above, often takes part in various competitions. Still quite often run, which has a beneficial effect on the physical and emotional state of the animal.
Reviews of dog breeders
Almost all dog breeders claim that this breed of dogs does not need special care. A vaccine made in time, brushed hair with a brush will be the key to success. In addition, it is desirable to periodically claw claws. Do not forget that the rate should be kept at home. As the dog breeders say, since the pet is very compact, with proper training it does not cause any inconvenience. The feedback from most owners suggests that they are very kind and playful animals. Dachshund will be a good friend for the child, because it is friendly to children of any age.
If you want a friendly, active pet, then your choice is a dachshund. Breed description, reviews we reviewed. When buying from a breeder, pay attention to all the qualities of a dog.