If your family has a dachshund (dwarf, rabbit or standard), then you will need all your attention, love and care. This is a small perpetual motion machine, which is strictly forbidden to leave unattended. Do you work all day? Then buy an aquarium, start a fish or a hamster. A dog, and especially a dachshund, is a small child who will never grow up and will need you until the end of his days.
This is a strong, long, very athletic dog. The dwarf dachshund resembles a wound spring on short legs, the elastic and muscular body constantly reminds of the purpose - hunting for a forest beast. They are very smart, curious and agile. The hunting past makes itself felt, especially the owners of private houses are surprised by their ability to immediately undermine the tunnel and climb into the smallest gap. In addition, they have a great flair, for these qualities the rate was always appreciated by hunters.
And city dwellers should know that the dachshund is capable of digging a tunnel 45 cm long in just a minute. Not always it will be the land in the walking garden, the same fate can comprehend a sofa or a parquet if the dog hears the movement of the mouse.
Rarely this dog is taken seriously because of its small size. But the dwarf dachshund knows how to guard. Sometimes it can give a serious rebuff to the robber and will continue to defend its territory and its owner until the last. The dachshund is an extremely intelligent dog, because of this they are often called difficult to master, disobedient and stubborn. Having "scraped" its master, the dog achieves his own way in any way, and he, constantly going on the occasion, loses the role of "leader of the pack".
Attentive attitude, constant joint games and walks is a pledge of warm relations with the dachshund. Left to themselves, forgotten in an empty apartment for a long working day, they tend to destroy everything they reach. Of course, each dog is individual, someone can boast that his pet never even chewed on slippers, although he was always at home alone, but this is an exception.
These dogs have a very loud voice, they express to them the longing for the owner who left them. Not always neighbors are happy. Often, your every absence of more than 4 hours will entail a long cleaning. The puppy crawls on her belly and looks into the eyes faithfully, but the next time everything repeats. It's not he who is to blame, but you, because you did not think in advance.
The option of formal communication is also not suitable. If you are at home, but do not give the dog time (except for feeding and walking), then her aggressiveness rises, and again the owner is guilty.
The dwarf fee is extremely playful. And it does not pass in 5, and often in 10 years. If you have children, then with this dog they will run until they fall from fatigue. Remember that the rate can not be made for those who are heavy on the rise and prefer the evening at the TV for long walks.
This is an extraordinarily brave dog, it was taken out to pursue a strong beast in the hardest conditions: in a narrow hole, underground, in the dark. Therefore, she will never retreat before the danger. If the child walks with a dachshund in the courtyard, this should be remembered and avoided hassle with larger and ferocious dogs. At the same time they are very gentle, they adore when they are stroked.
The height at the withers at this crumb reaches a maximum of 21 cm (in males), the bitch is even smaller, 14-19 cm. Imagine what kind of tiny dwarf dachshund puppies come to a new, strange house, to a man who will now dispose of their life. They weigh not so little as it may seem: 3-6 kg of bitches, 4-7 kg of male. Chest circumference - 35 cm.
You will never confuse them with others, this is a completely unique breed of dogs. The dachshund has an elongated body and a good backbone. Strong back forms a beautiful line from withers to tail. Loin slightly convex. The neck is high, short, muscular. Chest oval, the sternum protrudes strongly. Paws rounded, short, dense. The head is elongated, the skull slightly convex. Jaws are well developed, despite the decorative size. Scissor bite, good fangs. Ears of medium length, thin, soft, hanging down along cheeks.
Color, like all hunters, is allowed by anyone. We are accustomed to monochrome: red, black and brown. Less common are two-color, speckled (marble) and spotted. The rarest are individuals with a brindle color (a lighter basic background and dark spots).
Depending on the variety of your dog, the characteristics of care will vary. But in any case it does not represent anything complicated. The short-haired individuals are covered with a short and shiny pile, which need not be combed. Once a week wipe with a suede glove and buy out with special means, if the animal on a walk managed to roll about in something bad smelling.
A coarse dachshund gives more trouble. Its fur is smooth and dense, impermeable to rain. On a muzzle rough hairs remind spines, and on a back - softer. Such a hair does not shed, but to make the dog look good at the exhibition and meet the standard, a trimming is required twice a year. This procedure is plucking the wool. How to understand that it's time to fulfill it? Separate a small part and pull in the direction of hair growth. If there are a few wool left in the hands, then it's time to look.
Make professional trimming you will help experts - groomers. At home it is worth repeating only after repeated monitoring of the work of a professional. Special scissors and a comb will be required.
Dwarf long-haired dachshund needs frequent combing, so that the hair on the ears and belly does not fall off. But, since it is not too thick and long, this procedure is simple. Also, you need to make sure that weed is not tangled in it.
All future owners want to know what a dwarf taxa looks like. The photos presented in the article show animals with strong bone, developed musculature and shiny hair. Grow such a pet can be, if there is proper nutrition and enough athletic loads.
If you prefer a natural food, then carefully monitor the diet. For the puppy it is acceptable to have six meals a day, including finely chopped meat, cottage cheese, eggs, cereals. An adult dog can be translated into 2 meals a day, 70% of which should be high-quality meat (bad trimmings, where only cartilage and interior fat are often placed, is not good). If you choose a balanced feed, then be sure to super-premium. No "Chappi" and "Pedigri".
Like all hunters, dachshunds are very freedom-loving and independent from their youth. Before you start training, you need to make good contact with the dog. Feeling a calm succession of the owner (this can always be, this can not be done ever), the dachshund will quickly get used to the toilet, and to the execution of commands. They have a very developed sense of justice, a foul puppy will languish with remorse, while they chastise him. You can not raise your voice, scream or beat a dog, you will forever lose its location.
Diseases and prevention
Breeding for hunting, life in the field and temporary pens, these dogs have excellent health. At the same time the life expectancy is quite large, about 15 years. But do not neglect prophylactic vaccinations. Dachshunds are very prone to obesity, so keep an eye on the diet and the number of walks. A weak place is a nervous system, at times complication after the transferred diseases becomes an epilepsy.
You can not let a young dachshund hop up for a treat and jump down from a height. This can lead to problems with the back and joints.
Choose breeders carefully. Be sure to visit your friends several times, see how the bitch and puppies are kept, how they feed them, how the dwarf dachshund chosen by you develops. The price of these dogs varies considerably depending on the region, the prestige of the club, the rewards received by the parents. On average, you can buy a puppy for 10 000 rubles. If this is too much for you, and the breed you really know and love, then you can talk with the breeder. A person who is interested in the future of their babies will always make a concession, if only the puppy is in good hands.
A nickname for your pet
The puppy came to your house, and it's time to give him a name. This is an exciting moment, friends are vying to advise the nicknames for dogs. Dachshunds are by nature lovely, artistic and funny creatures, and the name must match. No Buranov, Rex and Caesars. For girls, gentle nicknames are fine: Ariel, Baby, Agatha, Melanie. Boys can come up with more sonorous names: Mozart (for their sonorous voice), Cupid, Dali.
Before you take this enchantress, think about what is to come tomorrow. Who will play with her and walk. With whom it will be, when you need to go to work or work, how you will bring it up. If you are ready to take responsibility for the happy life of a four-legged pet, then you will have a long and amazing joint adventure.