Aquarium Fish Compatibility Chart
Unfortunately, many novice aquarists make the same mistakes. The most common of them - the wrong start of the aquarium, overpopulation and the purchase of incompatible species of fish. The last point will be discussed in more detail.
So, you pondered for a long time and finally decided to buy an aquarium. Before such acquisition it is necessary to study the special literature and even approximately to represent, what exactly inhabitants you want to see in the living corner.
Why do we need a compatibility table for aquarium fish?
Often you can see how a novice buys a pair of fish of different species, intending to see in their 50-liter aquarium the entire range of the pet store. Not all sellers can and have the desire to give such a generous buyer a competent consultation and dissuade him from ill-considered actions. After all, any experienced aquarist knows that incorrectly selected fish will simply perish.
Choose aquarium fish only in appearance is not worth it. It is necessary to learn about the peculiarities of their behavior in nature and the rules of care for them. Of course, it will be very difficult for a beginner to read about all the types of fish you like, and after that also compare their living conditions and temperament. In this case, the table of compatibility of aquarium fish comes to the rescue.
Since marine aquariums contain, as a rule, experienced amateurs or at least people who have studied a large number of specialized literature, we will also have to learn a little. It will help us in this compatibility table of freshwater aquarium fish. It is useful to the beginning fish ichthyologist when choosing the first pets, and an experienced aquarium owner who decided to supplement the company with their favorites.
Causes of incompatibility of fish
The compatibility table of aquarium fish is quite universal, it takes into account both aspects of compatibility - biological and behavioral. In nature, fish live in different conditions and climatic zones.
No one will settle together freshwater and sea fish, cold-blooded and tropical, a predator and its prey. Otherwise, the aquarium instead of a comfortable home will turn into a gladiatorial arena or show for survival. In order for your pets to be healthy and happy, you need to choose the right neighbors.
What is the Aquarium Fish Compatibility Chart
A photo of the table demonstrates that there are three types of fish compatibility:
- fully compatible;
- boundedly compatible;
- absolutely incompatible.
Thus, fully compatible fish that are marked in the table in green, you can safely sit together. Interestingly yellow category - limited compatible fish. Here you should carefully read about the conditions of detention and the habits of the selected individuals and find out what reasons they may conflict with and whether it is possible in your circumstances to eliminate these reasons. As for absolutely incompatible fish - it is not recommended to experiment and try to make them friends. With rare exceptions, this neighborhood ends with someone's death.
Not all fish species contain a table of aquarium fish compatibility. Neon is often overlooked, and this is a very popular fish we have. I want to give this representative a bit of attention.
Neon is incompatible with akars, astronotuses, koi carp, melanochromis, piranhas, pseudotrofeuses and trophies. According to the data provided by the aquarium fish compatibility table, neon can be settled with calm or small fish: barbs, guppies, gouramis, cardinals, swordsmen, mollynesia, pecilia, iris, thorns, speckled catfishes and tarakatums.
With regard to limited compatibility, while providing a large space, many shelters and plants, as well as good nutrition of the present neon predators, you can settle with bots, goldfish, carnegialls, labeo, lalius, cockerels, scalyaria, cichlosomes, chromises and flashlights.
Rules for building a table of compatibility of aquarium fish
Still, it's not always possible to look at the table or use other sources of information on fish compatibility, and you really want to buy a new pet. Therefore, it is useful to understand the characteristics of this table and what to look for when selecting a new decorative fish.
Compatibility in terms of content
Determine what water parameters are of significant importance for the inhabitants of the aquarium:
At the beginning of the description of each type of aquarium fish, the optimal water parameters are given. To select pets should be so that these parameters differed as little as possible. It is not necessary to settle the species together if the temperature in the aquarium for one is maximally permissible, and for another it is minimal.
In too warm water fish quickly grow old and live less, and in the cold can not normally develop. It is better to collect in the aquarium representatives of one species - for example, only goldfish, or viviparous, or cichlids. Another option is to repeat the conditions of some water body, to settle the fish living in nature in the same territory. The main thing here is not to collect a pair of "predator and prey".
An important item in the selection of future neighbors is food preferences. A carnivorous fish will certainly eat all those who fit into her mouth. Yes, the scalar will not attack the neon, while it is small. But fish grow, in due course a flock of trifles can ponder, especially on a fasting day. Therefore, do not forget to consider that your pets will grow.
In addition, nimble neighbors can simply eat sluggish fish. While the cichlid will be looking at a tasty morsel, a hungry barbeque will simply lead him straight out from under his nose. Small and young fish can be very shy near the feeder and live starving to death, eating crumbs from the master's table.
Do not forget that some fish eat shellfish, because they will quickly eat all the snails, and lovers dig in the ground or taste the greens will leave the aquarium without plants.
Big and small
It is not recommended to plant large and small fish together, even if the giants are not predators. Kids will constantly experience stress, which will negatively affect their health.
There is a high probability that cautious fish will leave the shelter only for food, and the rest of the time it will be impossible to see them.
It is possible that a large fish still swallow a smaller companion. Even a sluggish goldfish will not refuse to eat the fry if he is inadvertently next to her.
Battles for territory
Some fish protect their territory and can attack their neighbors. Enemies can be even representatives of one species. In the description of the breed, it is always indicated that the fish is unoccupied, and also recommendations are given about who it is possible to plant it with.
Many fish, as a result of prolonged breeding, acquired atypical traits - long veil fins, growths on the body, large eyes. These features can cause aggression or curiosity in other fish. Therefore, for delicate decorative species you need to choose sluggish and quiet neighbors. For example, goldfish often lose their luxurious tails through the fault of barbs.
When choosing the population of the aquarium is irreplaceable the table we examined. Checking the compatibility of aquarium fish is simply necessary if you want to avoid conflicts and death among fish.