Pill against pregnancy after an unprotected act
Pregnancy is the most joyful and wonderful life for women. However, not each. In some cases, the conception comes as a surprise and makes the fairer sex to take emergency measures. In this article we will talk about what is the pill against pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. You know, how these drugs are used and can they be applied regularly. It is also worth mentioning that there are birth control pills. The price of such products and their name will be listed next.
A little anatomy: how does the conception
To begin with you should know how committed the conception, in which the light can have a baby. On average once a month for the average women is hormonal changes in the body. Production of estrogen changes progesterone, and follicle enters the egg. If at this point there will be sex, there may come a pregnancy. Also, conception can take place if sperm got into the woman's body for several days before or after the rupture of the follicle.
Immediately after ovulation under the influence of progesterone begins active preparation of the endometrium. Layer thickens and becomes more friable. In this way the body is preparing to accept the fertilized female gamete. If conception has taken place, the fertilized egg for several days descends to the genital area through the fallopian tube. Once in the uterus, the embryo is held securely in the layer of the endometrium. It is here that he will develop in subsequent months in case of continued pregnancy.
How can you interrupt an established conception?
Currently, there are numerous ways to stop the development of the embryo. It is worth noting that the initiative in this case it is better not to do. Otherwise you can earn serious health problems.
One of the most popular methods of abortion is dilatation and curettage or vacuum aspiration. During the procedure, the doctor removes the fertilized egg and a part of the endometrium of the uterus. To carry out such a manipulation in a period of up to 12 weeks of embryo development.
Also a pregnancy can be terminated medically. In this case, the prerequisite is a delay of menstruation not more than forty days. After taking some drugs from a woman rejected by the endometrium from the fetal egg during menstruation.
There is also a special emergency contraception. In this case, the tool is taken few hours after unprotected intercourse. Due to the action of drugs in women begins rebuilding hormones, and menstrual bleeding occurs.
There are several types of medications which help to terminate the pregnancy before the fertilized egg fixed to the uterine wall. Pill against pregnancy after an unprotected act have different effects and method of use. Remember that you cannot use these drugs as a permanent protection from unwanted conception. Be applied pill against pregnancy after an unprotected act shall only in emergency cases. Otherwise you can get serious health problems. Consider, what are the drugs for emergency interruption of the development of the ovum.
The Drug Postinor
This product contains synthetic progestin. This component has an effect on the motility of the fallopian tubes and the condition of the endometrium. Under the action of a substance called levonorgestrel fallopian tubes will reduce your mobility and slow down the activity of a fertilized egg. In the end, the fertilized egg is killed before it reaches the uterus. If the set of gametes has fallen in the reproductive organ, here levonorgestrel changes the state of the endometrium. The egg is simply not able to bind to this cavity.
Tablets Postinor should be taken two capsules every 12 hours. It is this validity of the above-mentioned substances. The first pill should be consumed no later than 16 hours after copulation. Course the use of medications is three days. During this period the woman should start menstrual bleeding. Only then emergency contraception is considered successful.
Pills "Postinor", whose price is about 250 rubles, can be purchased at any pharmacy network. It should be noted that in one pack of medicines is only two capsules. This means that for a course you will need 6 packs. On tablets Postinor price in this case increases and is about 1500 rubles.
The Drug "Escape"
These tablets are also based on the action of a substance called levonorgestrel. However, here the dosing is somewhat different. The woman must take one pill for days after intercourse. Next, you should repeat the procedure twice, 24 hours apart.
On tablets "Escape" the price is in the range from 250 to 300 rubles. The bundle includes one capsule. This means that for a full course you will need three packs of tablets "Escape". The price in this case will be approximately 1000. It is worth noting that this cure is somewhat cheaper than the drug "Postinor".
The Drug "Asking F"
This tool has the same effect as the pills "Escape". After taking the drug begins the reverse transformation of the endometrium and a decrease in the activity of the fallopian tubes.
It should be noted that this drug is less popular than the first two analog. However, this does not suggests that the drug will not be as effective.
Preparations containing mifepriston
Pill against pregnancy after an unprotected act may have a slightly different effect. Such drugs include the following: "Mifegin", "Janale", "Misoprostol" and others. It is worth noting that these funds often are used for medical abortion. The active ingredient of these drugs changes the transformation of the endometrium and increases the reduction of reproductive organ. Under this influence occurs rejection of the endometrium and release of the oocyte from the female body.
Unlike preparations containing levonorgestrel, pills with the mifepristone is able to terminate an unwanted pregnancy even after a delay of menstruation. Thus, women have time to make the right decision. Data birth control pills after sexual intercourse are taken once. It should first obtain the approval of the physician for such correction. If the drug has not been adopted for the first three days after the introduction of sperm into a woman's body, the patient will need additional hormonal drugs that block the production of progesterone.
The data products that contain mifepristone, have a slightly higher price than previous medicines. So, one pack can cost from 1500 to 3000 rubles.
An alternative method of emergency interruption of egg development
In addition to the above, there are some medications (contraceptives) to prevent unwanted conception after intercourse. These include the most common birth control pills. However, doctors strongly recommend not to use this method because of possible side effects and complications. These tools include the following drugs: contraceptive pills "yasmin", "LOGEST", "Novinet", and others.
You have to use them only after carefully reading the instructions. Here you need school knowledge of mathematics. It is necessary to calculate the amount of hormones contained in a single pill. Next, you should calculate how much you need to drink the capsules at one time to achieve the desired dose (as tablets Postinor and its analogues). On average a woman requires from two to five capsules. You need to drink them every 12 hours for three days.
How effective is the pill against pregnancy?
It is worth noting that drugs that interrupt the development of the embryo in the early period, are of different efficiency. A lot depends on what time the medication was taken. So, if you follow the instructions and drink the first dose immediately after copulation, the effectiveness of the drug will account for more than 90 percent. In the case when there were at least a day after intercourse, the effect of the medication will be effective for 70-80 percent of. If violated, a subsequent receiving of the substance or you are very late with the use of the first dose, the probability of a successful outcome will be from 50 to 70 percent.
It is worth mentioning that if the termination of pregnancy in the early period with the help of the above drugs failed, doctors strongly recommend to do the scraping. The fact is that these drugs affect not only on the female body. Substances included in the tablets, disastrous impact on the condition of the ovum. If you want to leave the future of the baby, then be prepared for the fact that the baby will be born sick or will have some deviations.
The pill: titles and prices
In order to avoid the need to use drugs for emergency contraception, you need to take care of the methods of protection. If you have a permanent sexual partner, it makes sense to start taking birth control pills. The price of such drugs may be different and is in the range from 200 to 2000 roubles.
Absolutely all funds, which protect against pregnancy, are divided into combined oral contraceptive pill and mini-pill. The latter contain small doses of hormones and not all women is able to block ovulation. However, it should be noted that these are the only tablets that are allowed to receive during the period of breastfeeding. The drugs group mini-pill are the following:
- pills "Charozetta" (cost about 800 rubles)
- drug "Lactnet" (about 600 rubles)
- pills "Orgametril" (cost from 1000 rubles) and many others.
Effect of combined oral contraceptives a few more. These drugs completely block the ovaries, preventing ovulation. The active ingredient of the pill thicken the cervical mucus not allowing the sperm to penetrate the uterus and survive there. In addition hormones affect the condition of the endometrium, converting it so that a fertilized egg could not attach to the uterine wall. All oral contraceptives are divided into monophasic, biphasic and three-phase.
To monophasic include the following:
- tablets "Regulon" (cost 300 rubles)
- pills "Janine" (about 800 rubles)
- the contraceptive pill "Diane 35" (from 1000 rubles) and others.
For two-phase means for protection are pills "Regueton" (cost from 200 rubles) and other drugs.
Three-phase contraceptive pills include the following:
- pills "Three-Regolith" (cost from 200 rubles)
- capsules "Three-mersi" (from 400 rubles).
Also, funds for contraception may vary according to the content of hormonal substances. So, tablets are micro-dose and low-dose. Also there is a group of high-dose, highly drugs.
To micro-dose include the following:
- tablets "Novinet" (cost from 500 rubles)
- the drug "LOGEST" (the price is about 900 rubles)
- pills "Jess" (value in the range of 1000) and others.
Such tools are recommended for young women with a normal hormonal background.
Low-dose means is:
- birth control pills "yasmin" (price from 700 rubles)
- the drug "Diane 35" (cost from 1000 rubles)
- means "Janine" (will cost around 1000 rubles) and others.
Such drugs are prescribed more often parous women or ladies after 30 years.
High-dose, highly products have the following names:
- pills "Triquilar" (price about 500 rubles)
- the drug is "Non-dark" (cost about 700 rubles) and so on.
It is recommended to adopt contraception after 40 years or in the presence of pathological changes in the genital organs (fibroids, endometriosis, cysts).
Reviews on birth control medicines
Women who used emergency contraception, by and large, were satisfied. However, those women who regularly consumed these pills, noted the occurrence of complications. So, they have disrupted the cycle, hormonal balance is off. Some patients claim that can't conceive and give birth to a child after such experiments.
Those women who regularly use oral contraceptives to prevent conception, say that the cycle is normal. Also ladies take note of the fact that menstruation became less abundant and painless. Improved condition of skin and hair. These drugs have only positive feedback.
Now you know a lot about the methods of emergency contraception. If suddenly something unexpected happened conception, it is best not to self-medicate, and go to the doctor. Only after consulting the doctor will prescribe you the right drugs to interrupt the development of the ovum.
Be healthy and do not lead to the necessity of taking pills against pregnancy. Pre-plan forms of birth control and always use contraception.