Tablets against pregnancy after an unprotected act
Pregnancy is the most joyful and beautiful life period for a woman. However, not for everyone. In some cases, conception becomes a surprise and causes the representative of the weaker sex to take emergency measures. In this article we will talk about what there are pills against pregnancy after an unprotected act. You will learn how to use such drugs and whether they can be used regularly. Also it is worth mentioning about what contraceptive pills are. The price of such drugs and their name will be indicated below.
A little anatomy: how is conception
To begin with it is necessary to learn, in what way conception is made, as a result of which the child can appear on light. On the average, once a month an average woman undergoes hormonal changes in the body. The production of estrogens is replaced by progesterone, and the egg leaves the follicle. If at that moment, sexual contact occurs, then pregnancy may occur. Also, conception can occur if the spermatozoids have got into the body of a woman a few days before or after the rupture of the follicle.
Immediately after ovulation under the action of progesterone, active preparation of the endometrium begins. The layer thickens and becomes more friable. In this way, the body is preparing to adopt a fertilized female gamete. If the conception took place, the fetal egg descends to the genital organ on the fallopian tube for several days. Once in the uterus, the embryo is securely attached to the endometrium layer. It is here that it will develop in the next months if the pregnancy persists.
How can you interrupt the conception that has taken place?
Currently, there are many ways to stop the development of the embryo. It is worth noting that in this case it is better not to engage in amateur activities. Otherwise, you can earn serious health problems.
One of the most popular ways of aborting a pregnancy is scraping or vacuum aspiration. During the procedure, the doctor removes the fetal egg and part of the endometrium from the uterus. Such manipulation is carried out for up to 12 weeks of embryo development.
Also, you can medicate pregnancy. In this case, a mandatory condition is the delay of menstruation for not more than forty days. After taking some medications, the woman rejects the endometrium with the fetal egg and begins menstruation.
Also there are special emergency methods of contraception. In this case, the remedy is taken a few hours after unprotected intercourse. Due to the effects of drugs, a woman begins to rearrange hormones, and menstrual bleeding occurs.
Emergency methods of contraception
There are several types of drugs that allow you to interrupt pregnancy even before the fetal egg is fixed on the wall of the uterus. Tablets against pregnancy after an unprotected act have a different effect and way of use. Remember that you can not use these medications as a permanent protection against unwanted conception. Use pills against pregnancy after an unprotected act should only be in case of emergency. Otherwise you can get serious health problems. Consider what preparations exist for an emergency interruption in the development of the fetal egg.
The drug "Postinor"
This agent contains a synthetic progestin. It is this component that has an effect on the peristalsis of the fallopian tubes and the state of the endometrium. Under the action of a substance called levonorgestrel, the fallopian tubes reduce their mobility and slow the activity of a fertilized egg. As a result, a fetal egg dies earlier than reaches the uterine cavity. If the set of gametes has descended into the genital organ, then levonorgestrel changes the state of the endometrium. The egg simply can not attach itself to such a cavity.
Tablets "Postinor" should take two capsules every 12 hours. This is the period of validity of the substance described above. The first pill should be drunk no later than 16 hours after coition. The course of drug use is three days. During this period, a woman should start menstrual bleeding. Only then emergency contraception is considered successful.
Tablets "Postinor", the price of which is about 250 rubles, can be purchased in any pharmacy chain. It is worth noting that in one package of medicine there are only two capsules. This means that for the course you will need 6 packs. The tablets "Postinor" price in this case increases and is about 1500 rubles.
The preparation "Escapel"
These tablets are also based on the action of a substance called levonorgestrel. However, the dosage of the drug is somewhat different. A woman needs to take one pill within 24 hours after sexual intercourse. Then repeat the procedure twice with a difference of 24 hours.
The tablets "Escapel" price is in the range of 250 to 300 rubles. One packet is provided in the pack. This means that for a full course you will need three packs of "Escapel" tablets. The price in this case will be approximately 1000 rubles. It is worth noting that this drug is slightly cheaper than the drug "Postinor."
The preparation "Eskinor F"
This tool has the same effect as the tablets "Escapel". After taking the drug, the reverse transformation of the endometrium and a decrease in the activity of the fallopian tubes begin.
It is worth noting that this drug is less popular than the first two analogues. However, this does not mean that the effect of the drug will not be so effective.
Tablets against pregnancy after an unprotected act may have a slightly different effect. These drugs include the following: "Mifegin", "Zhenala", "Miropriston" and others. It is worth noting that these drugs are most often used for drug abortion. The active substance of such preparations changes the transformation of the endometrium and enhances the contraction of the genital organ. Under this influence, the endometrium is rejected and the egg cell leaves the female body.
Unlike drugs containing levonorgestrel, tablets with mifepristone can interrupt an unwanted pregnancy, even after a delay in menstruation. Thus, the woman has time to make the right decision. These contraceptive pills are taken once after sexual intercourse. In this case, it is worth to get the doctor's approval for a similar correction. If the drug was not taken within the first three days after the sperm enters the woman's body, the patient will need additional hormonal drugs that block the production of progesterone.
These drugs containing mifepristone have a slightly higher price than previous medications. So, one package can cost you from 1500 to 3000 rubles.
Alternative way of emergency interruption of egg development
In addition to the above, there are drugs (contraceptives) to prevent unwanted conception after sexual intercourse. These include the most common birth control pills. However, doctors strongly do not recommend using this method because of possible side effects and complications. These drugs include the following drugs: birth control pills "Yarina", "Logest", "Novinet" and others.
Use them only after a careful reading of the instructions. Here you will need school knowledge in mathematics. It is necessary to calculate the amount of hormones that is contained in one tablet. After this, you need to calculate how much you need to drink capsules in one dose to achieve the desired dose (as in the tablets "Postinor" and its analogues). An average woman needs two to five capsules. Drink them every 12 hours for three days.
How effective are pills for pregnancy?
It should be noted that the drugs that interrupt the development of the embryo at the earliest possible dates have different efficacy. Much depends on when the medicine was taken. So, if you follow the instructions and drink the first dose right after coition, then the effectiveness of the drug will be more than 90 percent. In the event that they passed at least one day after intercourse, the effect of the medicine will already be effective by 70-80 percent. If the subsequent intake of the substance is violated or you are very late with the first dose, the probability of a successful outcome will be from 50 to 70 percent.
It is worth recalling that if the termination of pregnancy at the earliest possible dates with the help of the above drugs failed, then doctors are strongly recommended to make a scraping. The thing is that these drugs affect not only the female body. The substances included in the composition of the tablets have a disastrous effect on the condition of the fetal egg. If you want to leave the future baby, be prepared for the child to be born sick or will have some deviations.
Birth control pills: names and prices
In order to avoid the need for the use of drugs for emergency contraception, it is necessary to take care of precautions in advance. If you have a regular sexual partner, then it makes sense to start taking birth control pills. The price for such drugs can be different and is in the range from 200 to 2000 rubles.
Absolutely all the means that protect against pregnancy, are divided into combined oral contraceptives and mini-pili. The latter contain a small dose of hormones and not all women are able to block ovulation. However, it should be noted that such drugs are the only tablets allowed to be taken during breastfeeding. The drugs of the mini-saw group include the following:
- tablets "Charozetta" (cost about 800 rubles);
- the drug "Laktionet" (the price is about 600 rubles);
- pills "Organometr" (cost from 1000 rubles) and many others.
The effect of combined oral contraceptives is somewhat different. Such drugs completely block the work of the ovaries, preventing ovulation. The active substance of the tablets thickens the cervical mucus, not allowing spermatozoa to enter the uterine cavity and survive there. In addition, hormonal drugs affect the state of the endometrium, transforming it so that the fertilized cell can not attach to the wall of the uterus. All oral contraceptives are divided into monophasic, biphasic and three-phase.
The monophasic means include the following:
- tablets "Regulon" (cost from 300 rubles);
- pills "Zhanin" (about 800 rubles);
- contraceptive pills "35 Diane" (the price is from 1000 rubles) and others.
Two-phase means for protection include tablets "Regvidon" (cost from 200 rubles) and other drugs.
Three-phase contraceptive tablets include the following:
- pills "Three-Regol" (they cost from 200 rubles);
- capsules "Three-Mercy" (the price is from 400 rubles).
Also the means for contraception may differ in the content of hormonal substances. Thus, the tablets are microdosed and low-dose. There is also a group of highly dosed drugs.
Microdosage includes the following:
- tablets "Novinet" (cost from 500 rubles);
- the drug "Logest" (the price is approximately 900 rubles);
- pills "Jess" (cost within 1000) and others.
Such funds are recommended for young women with a normal hormonal background.
Low-dosed funds are:
- contraceptive pills "Yarina" (price from 700 rubles);
- the drug "Diana 35" (cost from 1000 rubles);
- means "Zhanin" (stand within 1000 rubles) and others.
Such drugs are more often prescribed to give birth to women or women after 30 years.
High-dosage formulations have the following names:
- tablets "Trikvilar" (the price is about 500 rubles);
- the drug "Non-oblong" (cost about 700 rubles) and so on.
It is recommended to take such contraceptives after 40 years or if there are pathological changes in the genital organs (myoma, endometriosis, cysts).
Reviews about contraceptive medicines
Women who used emergency contraception, by and large were satisfied. However, those representatives of the fair sex who regularly used such pills, note the occurrence of complications. So, they had a cycle, the hormonal balance was lost. Some patients claim that they can not conceive and give birth to a child after similar experiments.
Those representatives of the weaker sex who regularly use oral contraceptives for protection from conception, argue that the cycle has improved. Also, ladies note the fact that menstruation has become less abundant and painless. The condition of the skin and hair has improved. Such drugs have only positive feedback.
Now you know a lot about the methods of emergency contraception. If suddenly there was an unexpected conception, it is better not to engage in self-treatment, and go to the doctor. Only after consultation the doctor will appoint to you the necessary preparations for interrupting the development of the fetal egg.
Be healthy and do not make it necessary to take pills against pregnancy. Plan in advance the methods of protection and always use contraception.