In medicine, the name "stomatitis" characterizes the diseases of the oral mucosa. In newborns, this ailment is usually caused by fungi (milkmaids). In older children, stomatitis (candidiasis) often occurs after severe infectious diseases, during which treatment with antibiotics was carried out. This is due to the fact that the immune properties of the young organism after the disease decrease, which provokes the reproduction of the fungus. Edema of the lymph nodes, fever, pain - all these unpleasant sensations can cause stomatitis in the child. Signs and a detailed clinical picture of the disease you will learn from this article.
Stomatitis in a child, the signs of which are very unpleasant and painful, are most often transmitted by the herpes virus. Babies under the age of three are very sensitive to this disease. Therefore, any contact with a person who has herpes, can provoke the occurrence of stomatitis. The virus is transmitted as a household way (toys, dishes, linen), and airborne. In preschool children, streptococcal infections or allergic diseases may also be causative agents of stomatitis. Quite often, the development of candidiasis is triggered by oral injuries (biting the cheek, burning with hot food, damage to the mouth with a toy, a pacifier, etc.).
A child's stomatitis. Symptoms
Symptoms of the disease, depending on the reasons, can be very different. Common symptoms include elevated body temperature, white spots in the tongue and in the mouth, swelling of the gums, pain, increased salivation, edema of the cervical region and lymph nodes, sour odor from the mouth. Stomatitis in a one-year-old child is accompanied by a refusal of nutrition, as this causes pain. In some cases, indigestion and vomiting are possible.
Candidiasis of stomatitis in children
How many days does the disease last? With proper treatment, recovery occurs on the fifth or seventh day. Candidiasis has the most pronounced clinic. At the beginning of the disease in the mouth of the baby you can see a white coating, similar to the cottage cheese. If the disease is not treated, the painful plaques will only grow. White dots covered with a thin film are nothing but an inflamed mucous membrane. Plaques can be on the gums, the inside of the lips and cheeks.
The signs of this disease are always visible immediately. The body temperature of the baby rises to 39 degrees, the baby refuses to eat. There is a pronounced intoxication of the body. On the first day, when examined in the oral cavity, one can see swelling and redness. In a day, bubbles with a clear liquid appear on this place. After two days they burst, leaving behind an erosion. With timely treatment, the disease immediately fades, and recovery comes.
Characterized by the presence of sores on the oral mucosa. They have a round shape and a smooth red bottom. Usually, the sores are located on the inner surface of the cheeks. The cause of this ailment is infection. Therefore, depending on the reactivity of immunity, the symptoms of the disease in babies can be very different. With untimely treatment of stomatitis, the possibility of secondary infection is increasing.