Chihuahua breed standard: description and photo
Today the Chihuahua breed is becoming more popular. More recently, people have chosen serious dogs that can be trusted with their property, but modern alarm systems have become more reliable watchmen. However, it's nice to go home when a loving creature is waiting for you. Therefore, people began to look for an alternative. She became a miniature creature, which is the best for home maintenance. Surely you already guessed who is talking about. Today we will talk about the standard of the Chihuahua breed. A sweet and gentle creature will become your reliable friend and companion.
Beloved glamorous girls
Yes, when the puppies of this breed only appeared in our country, it was so. They were expensive, and they acquired them solely because of prestige. But today the situation has changed. The standard of the breed Chihuahua has to content even in the smallest apartments, where a person can not afford a larger pet. The great demand prompted the creators of nurseries to pay more attention to the breeding of this breed, which increased the number of offers and lowered the price.
For home and for the soul
The standard of the Chihuahua breed provides not only tiny sizes (the largest male does not exceed 3 kg), but also features of character and temperament. Fans of the breed celebrate their amazing ability to please and be friends. This dog does not require special care, is unpretentious to the conditions of life, it is very easy to educate, it is easy to learn basic commands.
Despite the fact that the standard of the Chihuahua breed shows us a very small animal, they adore playing and running, they will never give up walking with their master. They do not experience such a catastrophic shortage in physical activity, like, for example, a Doberman in a one-room apartment, nevertheless they must walk with them.
Briefly about the breed
Let's now take a closer look at what the chihuahua should be like. The standard of the breed says that the weight of the dog reaches 3 kg, the weight of the bitches - up to 2.5 kg. The growth of the dog is from 18 to 23 cm, the growth of the bitch is from 15 to 20 cm. The color can be very different, from white to chocolate. A huge number of colors and shades.
Do you know that this breed originated in Mexico for a long time? However, only in 2009 the official standard was adopted. From this moment the popularity of these dogs began to grow, they began to participate in exhibitions. The Chihuahua breed standard (RKF) brought its representatives to the ninth group of miniature dogs and companions. They do not pass working tests, for them only the exterior is inspected.
In fact, in the market such offers are not uncommon. Small chihuahua is given out for exceptional representatives of the show class and is sold for a lot of money. There is also the view that the Chihuahua mini standard differs from the usual representatives. This legend is used by breeders, selling miniature representatives of the breed called "pocket". In fact, there is no difference between them, as in humans, there are high, with a large physique, and there are small ones.
The standard of the Chihuahua mini breed and the standard differ only in size. At a weight of a dog from 0,5 to 1,5 kg it is considered miniature, starting from one and a half kilograms - the standard one. The length of the mini-chihuahua starts from 25 cm, and the growth reaches a maximum of 14 cm. Anything higher than these figures fits into the usual norms. But if the dog weighs less than 0.5 kg or more than 3 kg, it is disqualified, it does not fit the breed standard.
For those who want to get the smallest representative of the Chihuahua by all means, one must remember that you will necessarily encounter a number of problems. First of all, this food. The kid needs a special feeding, as he is often unable to eat so much to support his strength. The second point is heat exchange, a tiny creature needs clothes. Finally, the life expectancy of miniature Chihuahua is smaller than that of the same dogs of normal size.
Purpose of the breed
This is already clear from the description given by the Chihuahua breed standard. The description is visually demonstrated to us by a tiny and loving creature that can not be a guard or a hunter. This is a companion dog that can wait for you from work and joyfully meet, spend the weekend with you and gladly run for a walk. A great friend for children. The only nuance is that a small child can injure a puppy, so it's better to wait a little with his purchase. A preschool child can take care of a dog responsibly.
Chihuahua has never been engaged in useful work, his task is to be friends with you, decorate your home and brighten up your free time.
Not so long ago they were not available to everyone. Today the situation has changed. Of course, there are puppies of stellar producers, winners of exhibitions, which are very expensive. However, if you need a dog for the soul, then it is enough to choose a responsible breeder. On average, the prices are distributed as follows. With hands you can buy a puppy for 150-200 $. It can be without a pedigree or with a document confirming the origin, but his parents have never participated in exhibitions and have no ratings.
However, this is not the limit of the Chihuahua cost. The sizes of the standard of the breed we gave above, according to them each tribal puppy is evaluated. If he is born with good parents, he corresponds to the standard, but he has developmental defects (incorrect bite, cryptorchidism), then he obviously loses to his fellow tribesmen. This dog is a PET-class, and the cost of such a puppy is usually from $ 300.
Brid-class - it's wonderful puppies, which can participate in breeding and in exhibitions, and in the absence of strong competition go to the winners and get titles. Their cost is from $ 700. Finally, there are show-class dogs, these are real stars who will win the exhibition after the exhibition and confidently take the title for the title. Such a dog in the future will become the founder of a whole line of fine representatives of the breed. No competent breeder will sell such a thing, their cost is not less than $ 2000.
Care and maintenance
Standard breed Chihuahua FCI assumes minimal complexity of care, so this breed is suitable even for beginners in dog studies. Care for the hair is minimal, dogs do not need to comb and bathe, more precisely, do not do this more often 4 times a year. To the conditions of life the dog is unpretentious, the only condition is the temperature of the air. It should not be below +18 degrees, since miniature creatures tend to be hypothermic. Chihuahua can live in an apartment, but two times a day he needs to go out.
If you are sometimes very late at work, you can put a tray in the house, in which the pet will walk on need, while you are not. The lifespan of these crumbs is from 12 to 16 years, if you provide good conditions, then they can live a little longer.
An exceptionally friendly creature is a chihuahua dog. The breed standard (photo - in our article) provides excellent co-existence of these dogs with all members of the family, both bipedal and quadruped. To outsiders, the attitude is somewhat distrustful, but with good upbringing, the pet will show exceptional friendliness. With children, getting along very well, but you need to take care that the baby does not hurt the puppy. He is friendly with animals with successful socialization, so from an early age you need to introduce the puppy to cats, parrots or fish.
Necessity of walking and active rest
Since the dogs are very small, they quite manage to play enough during the day, even in a small apartment. Therefore, the need for activity is below average. These are playful creatures, so if the size of the apartment allows, then take two dogs at once, who will play all day long. The duration of walking is not less than 30 minutes, it is better to walk longer. And of course, stock up the balls and other toys so that the walk is productive and interesting.
Training and education of this breed is a simple and not too long process. And the general course of training your pet is absolutely optional. Enough and learning the simplest commands "to me", "fu", "near", "place", "sit". Knowing these commands will greatly facilitate your life in the future.
Advantages and disadvantages of the breed
Connoisseurs and lovers of this breed may think that it has absolutely no flaws. However, if you have never held a Chihuahua, you need to weigh the pros and cons. This is a small and very cute creature, which can be taught and well educated. Chihuahua very much attached to his master, loves to play with him for hours on end. It is a vigilant and very sonorous watchman, hearing any rustle, he will certainly raise the alarm. At the same time the dog is not demanding on the content and easy to care for.
However, there are nuances that you must pay attention to. Despite its tiny size, the Chihuahuas can be aggressive and even unbearable. Therefore, acquiring a touching crumb, it is necessary to remember the need for education and training. If your pet feels the lack of a leader, he will try to take his place. To correct a situation then it is difficult. A small dog, constantly barking, rushing at people and provoking other dogs, will create many big troubles. In addition, these are very fragile creatures that need careful care.
Who is this breed for?
In fact, the number of Chihuahua fans is growing day by day. People attracts in these kids everything, their size and touching affection for the owner, a cheerful disposition. These are ideal companions for single people, as well as for a family with growing up children. If you do not want to care for dog hair, then this breed is also suitable for you.
But for those who grow a small child, this is clearly a hasty choice. A crumb can accidentally injure a puppy. In addition, it will be difficult for mom to follow simultaneously a puppy and a small child, it is almost the same thing that growing twins. If you are too busy and do not have the opportunity to seriously engage in a dog, this is also not your option. Chihuahua very barkingly bark, so if you do not tolerate dog barking, it is better to choose for yourself a mule like shar pei.