Central Asian shepherd dog photo, characteristic of the breed, description, reviews
Breed of dogs Central Asia shepherd dog is one of the oldest servants of the people. What you need to know when buying a Central Asian shepherd how to feed puppies and adults how to care for dogs, what is their nature – all this you will learn in this article. So, what is a Central Asian shepherd?
Alabai is an ancient breed that has survived in its original form. Central Asian shepherd dog has served people for many centuries, but today is one of the most popular breeds. Alabai is famous as a great companion, incorruptible and devoted caretaker, a loving family member.
It was formed as the breed is difficult to say. Maned dog, similar to a modern Central Asian sheep-dogs, had fought more in the arenas of amphitheatres. Alexander the great used these dogs in battle, dealing with them a serious damage to the enemy. At the same time, Tibet was known for massive dogs, the descendants of the black Tibetan wolf, extremely strong, with large head and short face, moist lips and rough thick hair. A descendant of these dogs became a Central Asian shepherd. Photos show that she has not lost the power of their ancestors.
The history of the breed
Let's talk about the formation of the modern Central Asian shepherd dog as a breed. At the all-Union Amateur service dog Central Asian shepherd described in 1939 by A. P. Mazover. These dogs are referred to as Turkmen shepherds. Obviously, this is due to the fact that the animals were imported from Turkmenistan. Since 1938, all specimens received an official name – the Central Asian shepherd.
But this solution creates some difficulties. First, it is not recognized by the locals. Second, when entering the international arena, this title is not entirely successful, as abroad, the concept of "Central Asia" does not exist. And the word "shepherd" does not apply to these dogs. This concept is derived from the words "sheep", "sheep" implies dogs that herded sheep. However, these dogs do not belong to the group of shepherds as their function – protection of the herd. Turkmen themselves call them Alabama.
And in 1927, Professor S. N. Bogolyubsky. when he described the dogs of Turkmenistan, in the territory from the Caspian sea to the Amu Darya, call them wolfhounds.
In 1990, the Turkmen SSR was approved by standard Turkmen Alabai, a descendant of the ancient Mastiff similar. In appearance Central Asian shepherd dog can be traced much in common with the Tibetan Mastiff.
Alabai is not in vain called one of the oldest breeds. During the excavations of the settlement of Altyn-Depe in southern Turkmenistan (2300-1900 BC) were found bones of large dogs with powerful jaw and short muzzle and the terracotta statuette of a dog very similar to Alabai. It is interesting that already in these ancient times, the tails and ears of dogs were cropped.
N. M. Ermolova, a paleontologist, a specialist in the fauna of Altyn-Depe and breeder of Central Asian shepherd, said that in those days alabais guarded from predators the herds belonging to local residents.
Alabai is a beautiful powerful dog, which draws attention to itself. The growth of the Central Asian shepherd dog should be from 65 to 78 cm for males and from 60 to 69 cm for females. Specimens should be not only high, but powerful. The weight of the Central Asian shepherd is in the following range: male from 55 to 79 kg, female – 40 to 65 kg.
Alabai can be white, black, carnophage, gray, brown, tan, fawn, brindle, piebald, speckled, tricolor color. But chocolate, blue and liver are unacceptable. The coat is hard, rough. The undercoat is thick.
Powerful body, short neck. Wide and deep chest. The head is large, massive, but proportional to the total addition. The forehead is flat, slightly rounded. The muzzle is short and blunt. The black nose. Allowed bright with white and yellow color. Feet large, the tail is thick and set high. Usually the tails are docked, but uncropped and allowed. Ears: small, hanging, a low-ranking. Most often they are docked.
How clever Central Asian shepherd? The level of intellectual development of these dogs is comparable to the level of two or three year old child. But in their character there is a feature that can create a wrong impression about the mental abilities – alabais are slow and quite long I think.
Despite the first impression, Central Asian shepherd dog is not stupid. Alabais are superior to many of their closest relatives, in particular the Caucasian shepherd, intellectually. It is more of a reason than instinct. But this same feature can cause some problems with obedience and submission – the dog tends not only to independent decision, she still ponders the team owner and may refuse to perform stupid and empty claims.
What is the Central Asian shepherd? Characteristic of the breed says that she has a calm and balanced character, forgiving and reluctantly shows aggression, preferring to Express their dissatisfaction with a stern look and warning barking.
Aggressive Central Asian shepherd? Characteristic of the breed suggests that "Asian" in General can be called a good-natured dog, normally she does not show aggression, and if broken the boundaries of the territory who claim to its place in the hierarchy, members of the family in danger. Another cause of aggression can be pain — alabais it is poorly tolerated.
The transformation from phlegmatic calm the animal in a furious bear is a snap. "Asians" can be assertive and dangerous opponents. Such sudden change often catches the enemy by surprise.
Alabai has a strong protective instinct, fearless, confident.
Does it matter what gender the Central Asian shepherd? Characteristic of the breed suggests that sexual dimorphism is expressed in alabais not only in appearance. Females are usually active and sociable, but the dogs calm and even phlegmatic.
How sociable Central Asian shepherd? Reviews indicate that alabais are friendly to family members and other Pets. They get along well with children but should immediately explain to the child that if he will cause the dog pain, the friendship will end quickly. Alabai still quite playful and can be a good companion and protector for the baby.
As for strangers and animals, alabais indifferent to them, but exactly as long as they are not in contact and do not violate territorial borders. Alabai instantly alarming and can be aggressive towards stranger. They can not stand drunk and can be aggressive towards other dogs.
Intra-tribal social instinct Central Asian shepherd dogs have very developed. They quickly form a flock, take their places in the hierarchy and rarely compete for leadership. Training and socialization need to start at an early age.
What are the features of the care of the Central Asian shepherd? In the room where there is a dog, you need to observe cleanliness. The floor should be cleaned daily, sun loungers and vacuuming weekly to be washed. You cannot allow the dog to sleep on upholstered furniture and mattresses. As bedding you need to use a rug under which you can put a soft rug, but not thick mattress.
The place where sleeps the dog should be placed away from Windows and batteries, to avoid drafts, overcooling, overheating. It is best to pick a quiet area, not near doors and walkways where the dog can relax.
Contain Central Asian shepherd dog in the apartment is not recommended. However, the recommendation cannot be considered a direct ban, but in the case room maintenance have to walk the dog twice a day for at least two hours in total. You need to move a lot, and the apartment with lots of furniture and fragile items to run will fail.
Equally important in caring for a dog caring for its coat. Every day we need to clean it using a special mitten or a brush with coarse bristles.
In addition, you need every day to inspect and clean with a swab mouth, ears and eyes of the animal. Cotton swabs for the care of dogs are not used they can easily cause injury, which will eventually lead to deafness.
But to wash the animal often is not necessary. The procedure is produced as needed, preferably once per month, using quality care products hair. After washing, the wool should be well dried to avoid hypothermia, especially in cold season. You can use a Hairdryer.
What are the requirements to feed makes the breed? Central Asian shepherd dog is a massive animal that consumes a lot of energy and needs her fill. Alabais are receptive to products ill-adapted to other species, so feeding Central Asian shepherd dog has its own characteristics.
Feed an adult cat need twice a day, morning and evening.
At high physical exercise, you will add another meal at lunch. The food should be at room temperature. To feed the animal need not be more than 1.5-2 hours to walk. After the meal the animal must be in peace.
For the proper development of the animal body must obtain proteins, which can not be replaced. The daily requirement in proteins in the dog of this breed is about 100 grams. The most enriched component of meat, fish, dairy products and cereals – millet and barley.
The daily requirement of an adult animal fat – about 25 grams. Without them impossible metabolism, and normal digestion. The dog's body is not able to properly process vegetable fats, so give her necessary fats of animal origin.
Carbohydrates are an essential source of energy, the average daily demand of 350 grams. A good source may be the potatoes. With food in the body gets a variety of trace elements, potassium and calcium. But the sodium is added in the form of salt. Per day is enough 15-20 mg.
For the convenience of the owner and to ensure a balance diet is recommended to make a menu for the week. As the main feed for Alabai are meat products that have high calorie content. Use meat of domestic and wild animals, but the product must undergo a veterinary inspection, to be of good quality, fresh, without signs of deterioration.
Meat contains large amounts of fats and proteins necessary for the body shepherd. For feeding use lean meat – beef, lamb, horsemeat. As a Supplement you can use dried meat, but to replace them fresh is unacceptable.
At least once a week alabay need to give raw meat in small pieces. As treats sometimes you can give the dog corned beef, but this product should be well washed and boiled.
The lack of microelements and mineral salts can lead to various diseases, brittle bones, a disorder of the nervous system. Therefore, meat and bone meal is also an important component of the diet. It is worse digested than meat. To give her need 100-200 grams 2-3 times a week, adding to porridge or soup.
A large part of plant feed in the diet of the present cereals, especially millet and oat. Barley and barley porridge shepherds are reluctant to eat, so they are mixed with millet and oatmeal. Daily norm of vegetables does not exceed 200-300 grams, offer cabbage, carrots, lettuce, beets, potatoes, spinach and young nettle.
As a source of fat, use melted beef or fish oil. Meat in the diet partially replaced with fish without bones. "Asians" can easily digest milk. Can be given 300 grams of bread a day.
Food. Dry food
Despite the fact that most owners prefer to feed their Central Asian shepherd dogs a natural diet, it is possible to transfer on a special dry food. This decision should be deliberate and prudent, as frequent transitions from "dry" to "straight" will have a negative impact on animal health. Breed Central Asian shepherd dog was formed a long time and has certain power requirements.
Mark "akan", "Origin", "Proplan", "hills", "Bozita", "Ekanuba" have a line for dogs of giant size. Such food will fit alabam. Compared to natural food the amount of dry food, sufficient to provide the daily needs of the animal, very small. Therefore, to transfer the dog to "drying" is necessary at a young age of 2-3 months until the stomach is not distended.
When feeding dry food is necessary to provide additional pressure on the jaw to give bones, sticks, special Goodies. Food can be soaked in water. The transition from "dry" natural food can also be challenging – the stomach will be difficult to handle with large pieces of food, you may see vomiting, upset stomach.
The amount of feed largely depends on the activity of the dog. During exercise portions needs to be increased. The animal should always have access to clean water.
How to choose a puppy
Alabais, like all large dogs, ripen late binding Central Asian shepherd dog is not before the age of 18 months.
You have made the decision to get a puppy of Central Asian shepherd? Pre-weigh the pros and cons, because the content of such serious dogs require large material and time costs. The owner of such dog should be physically strong and have strong character. Do not act impulsive, approach the choice wisely. If you like Central Asian shepherd dog, pictures kids can just melt your heart. Don't forget that these cute cubs will grow up to be a ferocious beast.
Bitches Asian shepherd dog is agile and persistent, they are constantly fighting for the lead, pugnacious and more violent. Dogs balanced, calm taking its place in the pack.
Many dog experts say that first you need to choose a breeder, and then the dog. Central Asian shepherd puppies from some pairs can have the hosts already at birth, as the droppings from a specific pair of people can wait for years. Another point: do not try to save money, because the contents Alabai – fun is not cheap, especially at first.
So, a few rules to follow when buying Alabai:
- No bird markets. If you need healthy mentally and physically the dog, carefully choose the breeder.
- Before you buy, read, pictures of puppies of this breed, you should have a good understanding of how Central Asian shepherd puppies look like at a young age how long six, large face, total fatness, etc. If the pups seem to be too thin, have a different face shape and you still have something troubling, then do not purchase.
- Do look at the parents, they must be healthy, balanced, adequate.
- The ideal age to purchase a puppy of 2 months.
- Choose curious, not fearful of the baby.
- If puppies have long hair, it is most likely a cross between a Caucasian shepherd dog.
- The puppy should be active, healthy in appearance, with straight legs, clean coat, eyes, ears, wet nose.
Puppies can not overfeed, even though they seem to be very large. It not only threatens excess weight and stress on immature bones, but also leads to a stretching of the stomach.
Puppies up to the age of three months are fed 5 times a day, to a five-month – 4, and 3 times a day until the age of 8 months. If the dog is passive lifestyle, then it is enough two meals a day, for dogs with large physical exercise – three times a day.
Feeding produced in one and the same time strict portions. Constantly food in bowl, do not leave. The diet consists of cold foods, cereals, fresh vegetables and herbs. Dry food puppy to give not recommended. The abundance is too liquid meals can lead to volvulus.
New products are introduced gradually, in small portions. When identifying an allergic reaction product is excluded. It is recommended to give your puppy 2 times a week a raw egg. It is useful to give and the shell, ground in a coffee grinder.
Several times per week meat products are replaced with fish without bones. As treats 2 times a week offers pig ears, cheeks, hooves, beef bones.