Catfish in the aquarium: species than feed
There are fish that are interesting both externally and their behavior. These include catfish-prilipals, also called somic-antsitrus. Such amusing creatures have a round muzzle-sucker. With her help, they clean off the algae from the walls of the aquarium, which for fish and serve as food.
Somiqi-prilipaly are aquarium fish, which can not be confused with any other individuals. In addition to mouth suckers, they also have other characteristic features:
- large head;
- front slightly tapered teardrop-shaped body;
- bone wide plates instead of usual scales;
- dorsal coarse fin in the form of a sail, which is pressed against the calf all the time;
- at the ends of the fin sharp spines.
Such fishes color mainly vary from light gray to black individuals. Sometimes there are yellow catfish-prilipaly. Also, you can see and albino with yellowish slightly expressed impregnations.
Specialists distinguish several types of catfish, and each of them has its own characteristic features. Let's consider them in the article below.
Such a variety of sticks was bred in Germany under artificial conditions. They have a color close to red or orange. Because of the artificial appearance of this species, they have a very high price. Specialists consider them to be another type of common catfish, since the internal structure of this fish from most of the congeners is not different.
Catfish-prikipaly very often turn pale, thus becoming albinos. They are isolated in a separate form. Periodically, such fish become a golden color, thus taking a truly fascinating and magical appearance. They have gained popularity with real connoisseurs, being considered an exotic and wonderful addition to the aquarium.
This motherfucker's motherland is the Amazon. It has a dark brown or black color. White large specks gradually turn brown, and the white border of the fins on the back forms pale little dots with a frame of dark shades. The females are larger and lighter than males. At males on a muzzle at the age of 10 months skiny outgrowths begin to arise.
These catfish-snipers were discovered in Brazil, as the name received in honor of the river says. Claro. The length of the fish body is about 8 cm. This adheres to the rest of the species in color - it varies from gray to black. At the same time, a dark shade is diluted by a white large speckle. He, unlike lazy relatives, is active throughout the day.
Before you have a fish, you need to know what to feed a catfish-stick. It is suitable for green tender algae, which very often cover the glass of aquariums. You can also carry out additional feeding: boiled leaves of cabbage, nettles, salad. Somikov is best fed in the evening, when the lights turn off, and the rest of the fish fall asleep. At the same time, the ancistrus activity persists for a long time, creeping along the bottom of the aquarium and finding tubercles or bloodworms abandoned by them. In addition, you can use granules, which very quickly reach the bottom, which means they get specifically to these fish.
They can adapt with ease to living in any water. In this case, the size of the catfish directly depends on the volume of the aquarium. So, the bigger it is, the more the fish will grow with age. But, basically, aquariums are chosen for them, the volume of which is 100 liters and more.
Catfish are usually not active during the day, and "come to life" either at night or when the pressure in the atmosphere changes. Therefore, they need the aquarium to have a rich filling - caves, shelters, various plants, pebbles. Catfish-sticking in the aquarium usually takes immediately the best cave, in which they hide and rest during the day.
Diseases of fish are associated with poisoning with chemistry or feed of animal origin, as well as gases in the stomach. Although in general they are rather unpretentious and sick very rarely.
Ancistrus for the first year of life becomes sexually mature. To lay eggs, fish are desirable shelter in the form of tubes, towers of decorative locks, halves of coconut, flower pot, etc.
If there are no shelters, eggs can be deposited at any point of the aquarium. It is desirable to take catfishes not closely related. For example, you can change with someone females or males. Sexually mature couple spawns in good conditions every three weeks. In this case, spawning is perfectly stimulated by the addition of softened water. At temperatures above 30 ° C, spawning usually stops.
In the aquarium, it is important to have a place for spawning-a tube, preferably ceramic, 1.5-2 times the length of the male, while the width should be equal to the width of the male with the pectoral fin. The nest is closed at one end. It should not be through. You can place several suitable options, in this case the male will choose what he likes more. If the nest turns out to be too big, then in this case not all the eggs can be fertilized, and the fry will be much less.
The female is able to lay eggs regularly with a period of one and a half to two months. If you do not put catfish with dad in another aquarium, the probability of eating eggs by the female and the rest of the fish is almost 100%. Near caviar without a male, you must install a nebulizer of air.
In the period of courtship for caviar male antsistrus, waving her fins, stops eating.
Experienced breeders actively use fish-sticking as indispensable helpers for cleaning the aquarium. The unique structure of the mouth allows the ancistrus to suck in tightly to various smooth surfaces. They, crawling on them, carefully scrape off the various remains of food, as well as the greenery of unicellular algae. In the same way, it sticks to clean the soil. Due to the similar activity of these fish, water spoils the usual much later, while the allowable interval between cleaning the aquarium increases (up to 2-3 weeks).