Dogs of Japanese chinas: a description of the breed and reviews
Now there are many breeds of dogs, and of some we do not know anything at all. In the article we will tell about the breed of Japanese hin. It is a small elegant dog with a wide short muzzle and a soft fur.
Japanese Hin: a description of the breed
Such a dog has a round forehead and a wide nose with open nostrils. The ears are small, V-shaped, covered with wool, deflected forward. The eyes are large, expressive, almond-shaped. The look is naive, clever, clear. Small white specks make him surprised. The length of the body is about the same as height.
Forelegs straight, slender, covered with long hair, and hind legs small, with enough elastic pads. The claws of these animals are black. The tail is covered with a long silky coat, tilted back and slightly curled towards the back of the ring. Gait is measured, plastic, all movements of the animal are very easy.
The wool is soft, silky, almost straight. On the head a little shorter than on the whole body. There are two colors: white with black or with red spots. If the dog is black and white, then the nose will also be black; in others, the color of the nose corresponds to the color.
History of the appearance of the breed
The history of the appearance of these dogs is hidden. There are many versions of their origin. There is an assumption that Pekingese, Japanese chin and pug had a common ancestor - a Tibetan one. According to one of the versions, the ancestors of the Khins lived in the third century BC and got to Japan. In this country dogs were together with Buddhist monks.
There is another version - such dogs were part of the tribute paid to China by Japan in the eighth century BC. By the way, it will be said, the epic of the Sejm assures that in 732 AD. e. Emperor Shiravi, as a sign of a special arrangement and friendship, gave the other Japanese emperor several dogs that supposedly were the ancestor of Chin.
There is no opinion on the origin of the name of the breed. For example, the cynologist Fos assumes that the word "hin" is related to "chi" or "gin", which in translation means "jewel". The citizens of Japan call these animals "makuarar-tzem", which means "sofa, or chewing dog". By the way, only the Hin people have a habit of thoroughly chewing food. Very popular in Japan are these small creatures with cosmic eyes.
They are unlimitedly adored, even considered sacred messengers of the gods. Only members of the family of the emperor and local aristocrats could be masters of such dogs. At the same time, Japanese khina were bred in nurseries (imperial or temple). In the strictest secrecy, the methods of breeding these cute little dogs were kept, and they were followed by special doctors. At that time noble ladies wore the most miniature hints in the bamboo cages, which were suspended on the wide sleeves of a kimono. This "decoration" supplemented the exotic outfit.
Sometimes, in recognition of these dogs, the emperor gave the soldiers to encourage him for good service.
The nature of space dogs
Japanese chinas have a balanced character. These dogs will never disturb the owners with their barking. If someone calls at the door, then the hin goups one at a time and immediately pauses. Hysterical barking in such dogs does not happen. Due to the fact that Japanese chins have a noble lineage, they can not "lose face". These cute little dogs are very intelligent, affectionate and proud.
In the East it was believed that Japanese chinas protected the families of emperors from troubles and illnesses, creating an atmosphere of happiness in the house. Also these dogs were reigning in temples in order to drive away evil spirits and other evil spirits.
Japanese chinas are not predisposed to any specific diseases that are inherent in this breed. Such dogs, if they are healthy, have no problems with breathing, rarely suffer from heart diseases, except in old age, but in this period everyone is ill, regardless of the type and origin. Let their snoring and wheezing do not cause you anxiety - these are quite normal phenomena. If these problems begin to progress, then it is necessary to consult a veterinarian.
In winter, no clothes are needed for these dogs. Japanese chinas are well tolerated and a hot period, but you need to monitor that because of their thick wool there was no heat stroke.
Since such dogs are not particularly large, fairly proportionate head and the right physique, they give birth without any problems, even for small representatives of the breed. The only thing that can happen with Japanese khinas is eye trauma. Of course, their eyes are very beautiful, they are a kind of "zest", "business card." However, they need to pay as much attention as possible.
Every year, the breed of dogs Japanese hin is becoming more popular, among the reasons for this phenomenon, an important place is occupied by excellent health and simple care.
This is the only long-haired breed that requires minimal care for the coat. Chin has no undercoat, so during moult there are no big problems with cleaning. You will not see shreds on the sofas and carpets.
Due to the peculiar structure of the wool, dirt does not stay on it. If you go out with a pet to walk in slushy weather, and it gets dirty, do not worry, it will soon look like it was before. It is necessary that the animal is dried up, then there will be no dirty traces left on it. Do not constantly comb the dog, because her hair does not fall down. "Why?" You ask. Again, because of the lack of undercoat. How many times a week do I need to comb the dog? It will be enough once. To Japanese hin looked perfect, he does not need trimming, no haircuts, no papillot.
Every day or every other day it is necessary to wipe the pet eyes, and also brush your teeth. To bathe often it is not necessary, approximately time in three months will be quite enough. Experts recommend washing such dogs as necessary. In some cases, it is better to use a dry shampoo. The water temperature should not be more than 35 degrees. If you want, you can apply creams to give shine. Dry hair after bathing better with a hair dryer with cold air.
How often should I cut my claws? A week in a week will be quite enough. During this period, the claws do not have time to grow so as to cause inconvenience to your animal.
Between the pads is also to cut the hair when it becomes too long.
Such a dog can be accustomed to the tray in the same way as a cat. Then the number of walks can be shortened. Although it is advisable to go out with a pet on the street at least once a day to get some fresh air. The dog does not need long walks and heavy physical exertion.
The Japanese hin breed is suitable for keeping by any person and for all living conditions. Such a dog will live well both in the apartment and in the house. Of course, it should not be put on a chain or in an enclosure.
Such a pet will not cause trouble, because his character is calm, quiet, besides, he has good manners. If properly trained hina, then he will make a wonderful little watchman. Where is it better to live a pet? Of course, in a room with the owners, put a litter there or put a sleeping bag on it.
How to choose a puppy: recommendations of specialists
We must carefully choose a puppy. Of course, that all the kids are beautiful. Before you go to choose a pet, decide what you are building it for - for the soul, breeding or for an exhibition career. If you are not interested in titles, then you can buy a puppy from your hands. It is worth to look at the situation in which the kids live with their mother. There must be clean. When you choose an animal, pay attention to the ears and eyes. They should be clean, not sour. Japanese chin puppies are sold in clubs and at zoo markets. It is desirable to still acquire the beast from the breeders. Then you can get a genuine Japanese hina. Puppies, as a rule, quickly adapt in the new house and do not cause inconvenience to the owners.
Pros and cons of the breed
First, we list the pluses.
- Japanese chinas are quite compact.
- They are clean.
- There is no own smell, even from wet wool does not give anything.
- For wool does not need special care.
- Non-allergenic rock.
- You can easily accustom to the tray.
- Japanese chinas have high intelligence.
- Affectionate and very dedicated.
- Perfectly get along with other animals.
- Eyes do not "fall out".
- Virtually no sound.
- Do not impose society.
- The dog is a healer. In Japan, it is believed that stroking this animal soothes and harmonizes the human bio field.
- Spectacular appearance. Japanese chinas look the same both at the exhibition and at home. There are breeds that need to wind papillonks.
- Wool is self-cleaning (dirt pours), so these dogs always look neat.
- It is not necessary to walk every day.
- The habits of a dog are similar to a cat's.
Cons of this breed
- Need to comb. During molting it is necessary to do this more often.
- Heat transfer, but you need at this time to cut the hair on the tummy or wetting with water.
- When the temperature is below 15 on the thermometer, it is necessary to shorten walks, because the undercoat of Japanese chin is poorly developed.
- You need to be very careful about the eyes of these dogs. Since they are large, they can get mote and dust.
- Some representatives of the breed are snoring.
- A little fastidious in the diet. If the house is inhabited by several animals, then such a problem, as a rule, does not arise.
- Jealous and touchy dogs.
A small conclusion
Now you know who the Japanese hin is, the responses of the owners are only positive. Could this cute beast cause negative cries. Of course not. A Japanese hin dog will become a good faithful friend for the whole family. These cute dogs will be great companions for travelers, because they are small in size.