The guide dog is a real friend and helper
It is difficult to live in the world a person who does not see the world around him. It is difficult not only because you do not see it, but rather because you can not even orient yourself in this world: move independently, go for a walk, see a doctor or go shopping. In this case, many help the guide dog.
She replaces them with relatives, becomes a real family member and a loyal friend. And not even just a friend, and often a reliable protector, and a voluntary assistant. Dogs are used in different spheres, but the work of a guide from all "dog professions" is one of the most responsible and most in demand.
The guide dog is a faithful and reliable companion for visually impaired and blind people, enabling them to do without outside help and move freely outside the home. Most often in the role of guides are different breeds of dogs, for example, Rottweilers or Collies. But most of all German shepherds and labradors are in demand.
Not every dog is suitable for the role of assistant. It must have a smooth, calm and non-aggressive character. She is taught not to react to other "relatives", cats and other irritants, not to be afraid of transport, sharp sounds and surrounding people.
Prepare guides in special schools. The learning process is very long, time-consuming and complex. For starters, small puppies are selected, which can later become good conductors for blind people. Of all the two-month-old babies offered by dog breeders, cynologists select several, study their reaction, their behavior in various situations. Then the selected puppies "study" the general course of preparation. And only from ten months already begins their training under a special program.
The future guide dog learns to memorize the routes, which will walk with the owner, navigate in space. She should be able to warn the owner in time about the obstacle that occurs on the road - a curb, a ladder, a step or a large puddle. In this case, the dog simply stops, giving the owner to study the obstacle on the way with the help of a cane. She continues her way only on command.
If, on the way of a disabled person and a dog, there is an obstacle that obstructs the road, then the dog, without stopping, takes the owner aside and avoids the obstacle with him.
In the case when a blind person almost does not focus on the terrain and can get lost, the dog is taught to memorize the road, to find the right house or door.
Among other things, the guide dog is a support and support for a blind person, his faithful and sensitive friend. Often she supports him psychologically, gives self-confidence and her strength, allows not to depend constantly on others.
The dog will be a good guide, if a man and an animal find a common language, will understand each other halfway and cooperate perfectly. An animal can not completely replace an invalid with eyes and save it from the need to navigate the world, but it will make its existence comfortable and simpler.
The training at the guide's school is finished by training the dog to work in tandem with the host. During this period a person lives for a while in school, so that the dog and he are accustomed to each other. The disabled person must learn to control the animal with the help of voice, understand the dog, learn the most necessary commands. Next to them are experienced cynologists at this time who will help, prompt and observe that the person and the animal do not make mistakes.