Dog breed Parson Russell Terrier: description and reviews
Today the hero of our article will be a very rare dog for Russia. Perhaps this is due to the slightly disheveled look of this sympathizer or to his pronounced hunting instincts, which may repel those who wish to have a pet. Nevertheless, the Parson Russell Terrier is very popular in Europe. This is a real hard worker, very active and incredibly hardy. It is used to extract the driven beast from the burrow. In the British Isles, it is in demand as a farm dog and companion.
From the history of the breed
The Parson Russell Terrier dog appeared in England in the 19th century. She was brought out for badgers and foxes. The name of the breed is associated with the name of John (Jack) Russell - a priest of the Anglican Church. The pastor, born in 1795, was a passionate lover of hunting and dogs. In 1819, he bought a dog Trump in the village of Elmsford at the milkman, white with beige specks. From that moment the man began to breed the terriers. He planned to bring dogs that had great speed and extraordinary bravery so that they would not be afraid of foxes and severe badgers. John wanted his pets to have a friendly character, easily get along with other animals and did not differ by excessive aggressiveness.
The pastor did not engage in the exterior, he was interested in working qualities. He was against the participation of dogs in exhibitions, believing that the adopted standards change, and far from the best, the working qualities of animals. Therefore, the official breed Parson Russell Terrier until the end of the XX century had.
At the end of the twentieth century, lovers of pastor dogs appealed to the International Film Festival with a request to officially recognize the breed. Several intermediate standards were created, after which the breed of dogs Parson Russell Terrier received its current name and was officially recognized in the world.
Smaller specimens were given the standard No. 345 and the name Jack Russell Parson Terrier.
What are the differences between these breeds
There are very few of them, so it will not be easy for an inexperienced owner to distinguish them. Standard ICF No. 339 was approved relatively recently. Previously, these dogs were considered to be representatives of one breed, they were simply divided according to the class, depending on the growth of the animal. All the differences can be divided into two categories.
- The growth of the animal. Parson Russell is above his colleague - 35.5 cm, while Jack Russell's height does not exceed 25 cm.
- Body shape. In Parson Russell's body can be called square, and in Jack Russell it is somewhat elongated.
Parson Russell Terrier - description of the breed
This cute dog is very mobile, active and independent. The animal is muscular, small in size. The body has a characteristic square shape.
For beginners dog breeders Parson Russell Terrier - the animal is quite complex. He is unselfishly devoted to his master, fearless and demanding, completely incapable of loneliness. If the pet is left for a long time to leave one, he can arrange a real pogrom in the apartment. Parson easily communicates with children, but his relationships with other pets do not add up.
Terrier Parson Russell - the animal is very sociable. If you are too busy at work, then this dog does not suit you. Parsons, who do not receive the desired attention, can soon show uncontrolled behavior - the dog will spoil the things of its owners, and will do it purposefully.
Parsons need open space, space. He is curious - he needs to know the world around him, run around playing, spend a lot of time on the air. If the dog is restricted in movement, it becomes irritable and nervous.
Parson Russell Terrier weighs no more than 8 kg. His height at the withers does not exceed 38 cm. The body is somewhat longer than the height.
The head of these dogs is small and sturdy. The skull is somewhat enlarged, closer to the eyes, it gradually narrows. The nose of the nose is black. Jaws strong, well developed. Eyes dark, almond shaped.
The ears of the Parsons are small, hanging forward. The end of the ear is located at the level with the corner of the eyes. The neck is strong and muscular, it gradually expands to the shoulders.
Chest moderately broad - it should not fall below the elbow fold. A straight and strong tail is stopped.
Parson Russell has straight and long paws with excellent musculature. Due to the compact extremities with elastic pads, the gait is well coordinated.
Color white. Stains are red, black, lemon, located at the base of the tail and on the head.
Wool and care for it
Parson Russell Terrier can have two types of wool - hard and soft. There is also a third option - a hard coat with a soft undercoat. A characteristic feature of this breed is that the animals practically do not molt. Dogs should be cleaned regularly with a brush, but wash only as a last resort. Twice a year it is recommended to conduct professional trimming.
Parson Russell Terrier - the dog is very active, and therefore in need of serious physical exertion. This animal may well be contained in the apartment, but only in the case that it will be well brought up.
The dog is intelligent and obedient, but at the same time obstinate and resolute. Early training and training is simply necessary. Training should be built consistently, and the coach needs strict, but fair. This dog needs a dominant host.
Choosing products for dogs of this breed, it is preferable to stop on natural food. To feed both the young individual, and the adult animal is enough 2 times a day. True, for a growing puppy, the portion should be nearly doubled compared to the adult dog.
The diet should consist of 40% of meat. Can be used by-products, fresh beef, poultry, rabbit meat.
From the grain, feed your pet with rice, mango, buckwheat, millet. These products contain a lot of microelements and vitamins necessary for the growing canine organism.
Sometimes it is necessary to include fish oil, boiled fish in the ration of the animal. To ensure that the food was balanced, you should not forget about vegetables. They should be present in the diet in raw and cooked form. Parson Russell is important to regularly give pumpkins, zucchini, carrots, beets, parsley and dill, Bulgarian pepper.
Twice a week the dog should receive eggs and dairy products. Do not interfere and fresh berries, if your pet shows interest in them.
Do not forget that Parsons should always have a bowl of clean water. It should be changed twice a day.
Choose a puppy
If you decide to buy a dog of this breed, you need to ask, under what conditions do the puppies grow, whether they have genuine documents, look at the mother of animals, and assess her physical condition. Unfortunately, you are not immune from meeting with unscrupulous breeders. Do not risk and buy a pet from random people.
Many beginning dog breeders are interested in the following question: "When can a puppy be taken away from his mother?". You can do this not earlier than eight weeks after your birth. At this age Parson Russell Terrier puppies are already completely independent. In addition, experts are sure that this is the most favorable time for acquaintance with new owners and the beginning of education and training of all canine rules.
Choosing a puppy, you need to pay attention to his physical condition. You should not get the worst of the droppings, nor the very beefy one.
The nose of the nose must be cool and moist, all the mucous membranes are pale pink in color. A paler tone may indicate the development of anemia or the presence of worms. The tail must be stopped. A swollen abdomen indicates an abnormal diet. Check all available documents for the dog, ask what vaccines have already been made to the baby, and what are expected in the near future.
Pay attention to the coat of the puppy. In a healthy animal, it should be smooth and shiny.
Before your pet appears in the house, prepare a home. It is necessary to remove all objects lying on the floor. Secure the wires to the walls at a height of at least one meter. Keep your personal belongings (clothes, shoes) in tightly closed cabinets. Prepare for the fact that up to 8-9 months the puppy's main goal will be the desire to tear, gnaw, pull on the floor.
Despite the fact that today in Russia is still not too common Parson Russell Terrier, the breeders already receive feedback about these dogs.
Hunters are very happy with their pet. They believe that the endurance of these animals is simply amazing. Dogs are smart, easily assimilate teams and are by far the best assistants in fox hunting.
Reviews of the owners who purchased Parson Russell as a pet are somewhat different. Those people who live in country houses are very satisfied with the new family member. They appreciate the attachment of the animal to the owner, cleanliness, cheerful and friendly character. True, many note the complex relationship of Parsons with other animals.
Owners who live in an apartment, often complain about the lack of space for your pet. The irrepressible energy of animals requires withdrawal, and if they have to spend a long time in four walls, they begin to behave inadequately.
Many owners note that dogs are very attached to the owner. This can be considered a virtue of this breed, and its shortcoming. The fact is that Parsons demand to themselves increased attention. If they do not get it, the dogs yearn, start to entertain themselves as they can. As a result, as noted by the owners who are too busy at work, their property suffers. Therefore, many advise not to start such an animal to novice dog breeders and people who spend a lot of time outside the home.