Dog breed the parson Russell Terrier: description and reviews
Today our article will be very rare for Russian dog. Perhaps this is due to a few shredded look of this handsome men or his strong hunting instincts, which can alienate those wishing to have a pet. However, the parson Russell Terrier is very popular in Europe. It's a real hard worker, very active and incredibly hardy. It is used to retrieve a cornered beast out of the hole. In the British Isles it is popular as a farm dog and companion.
From the history of the breed
Dog the parson Russell Terrier appeared in England in the nineteenth century. Take her out for badgers and foxes. Breed names associated with the name of John (Jack) Russell – Anglican priest. The pastor, born in 1795, was a passionate lover of hunting and dogs. In 1819 he bought in the village of Elmsford from the milkman white with beige spots dog trump. Since then, the man himself began to breed Terriers. He planned to bring the dogs, which would possess great speed and extraordinary courage that they were not afraid of foxes and badgers harsh. John wanted his Pets had a friendly personality, easy to get along with other animals and did not differ with excessive aggressiveness.
The pastor was not engaged in exterior, he was interested in working qualities. He was against the participation of dogs in exhibitions, believing that standards are changing, and not for the better, the quality of working animals. Therefore, the official breed standard parson Russell Terrier until the end of the XX century had.
At the end of the twentieth century, dog lovers the pastor turned to UF to officially recognize the breed. You've created several intermediate standards, and then breed the parson Russell Terrier got its current name and was officially recognized in the world.
More undersized individuals assigned standard № 345 and the name Jack Russell parson Terrier.
What are the differences between these breeds
Very little, therefore, the inexperienced owner will not be easy to distinguish them. Standard UF No. 339 approved recently. Previously, these dogs were considered to be representatives of the same breed, just separated by class depending on animal growth. All the differences can be divided into two categories.
— The growth of the animal. The parson Russell is taller than his brother – 35.5 cm, while the height of a Jack Russell does not exceed 25 cm.
— Body shape. The parson Russell body can be called a square, and the Jack Russell it is somewhat elongated.
The parson Russell Terrier – breed profile
This cute dog is very mobile, active and independent. Animal muscular, small in size. The body has a distinctive square shape.
Beginner breeders parson Russell Terrier – pet is quite complicated. He is utterly loyal to his master, fearless and demanding, absolutely can not tolerate loneliness. If pet for a long time to leave one, he can arrange the apartment real disorder. Parson easily communicates with children, but the relationship with other Pets he does not add up.
Terrier parson Russell animal is very sociable. If you are too busy at work, this dog is not for you. Parson, not receiving the desired attention, it soon may show uncontrollable behavior, the dog will spoil things their owners, and will do so purposefully.
The parson required open space, open space. He's curious – he needs to know the world, to run, to play, to spend much time on the air. If the dog to limit the movement, it will become irritable and nervous.
The parson Russell Terrier does not weigh more than 8 kg. His height at the withers does not exceed 38 cm in length slightly more than height.
The head of these dogs are small and sturdy. Skull somewhat extended, closer to the eyes, he gradually narrowing. The black nose. Jaw strong, well-developed. The eyes are dark, almond shaped.
Lugs Parsons little hanging forward. The end of the ear is level with the corner of his eye. The neck is strong and muscular, the shoulders she slowly expanding.
Chest moderately wide – it should not fall below the elbow. Straight and strong the tail is docked.
The parson Russell has a direct and long legs with well developed muscles. Thanks to its compact limbs with elastic pads gait is well coordinated.
The color is white. Allowed the spots are brown, black, lemon, located at the base of the tail and on the head.
Wool and care for her
The parson Russell Terrier can have two coat types – hard and soft. Sometimes a third option – hard coat with a soft undercoat. A characteristic feature of this breed – animals practically do not shed. Dogs should be regularly brushed, but to wash only in a pinch. Twice a year is recommended professional trimming.
The parson Russell Terrier is a dog very active, and therefore in need of serious exercise. This animal may be kept in the apartment, but only in the case that it will be well-behaved.
The dog smart and obedient, yet stubborn and determined. Early education and training she needs. Training should be built consistently, and the coach needed someone strict, but fair. This dog needs a dominant owner.
Choosing food for a dog of this breed, it is preferable to stay natural food. Feed and young specimen, and an adult animal 2 times a day. However, for the growing puppy, the portion should be increased by almost half compared to an adult dog.
The diet should consist of 40% meat. You can use offal, fresh beef, poultry, rabbit meat.
From grain to feed your pet rice, semolina, buckwheat, millet. These products contain many necessary for growing the dog's body of minerals and vitamins.
Sometimes in the animal's diet must include fish oil, boiled fish. A well-balanced diet, we should not forget about vegetables. They must be present in the diet in raw and cooked form. The parson Russell it's important to allow pumpkin, squash, carrots, beets, parsley and dill, bell pepper.
Twice a week the dog should get eggs and dairy products. Do not interfere, and fresh berries, if your pet shows interest in them.
Don't forget that the parson should always have a bowl of clean water. Change it twice a day.
Choose a puppy
If you decide to purchase a dog of this breed, you need to ask what conditions there are puppies, if they have genuine documents, see the mother animals to assess its physical condition. Unfortunately, you are not immune from the meeting with unscrupulous breeders. Not worth the risk to buy a pet from random people.
A lot of novice breeders are concerned with the following question: "When a puppy is allowed to pick up mother?". It can be done no earlier than eight weeks from birth. At this age, puppies parson Russell Terrier is quite independent. In addition, experts believe that it's the best time to experience the new owners and commencement of education and training to all dog rules.
When choosing a puppy, you need to pay attention to his physical condition. Should not buy in to the lean of the litter, as well as the fat.
The nose should be cool and moist, and all mucous membranes pale pink color. More pale tone may indicate the development of anemia or the presence of worms. The tail should be docked. Bloated stomach indicates malnutrition. Check out all of the available documents on the dog, ask what vaccinations have already been made for the baby, and what is coming in the near future.
Note the coat of your puppy. In a healthy animal, it should be smooth and shiny.
Before your pet will appear in the house, prepare the home. It is necessary to remove all lying on the floor items. Secure the wire on the walls at a height of not less than one meter. Your personal belongings (clothes, shoes) store in tightly sealed cabinets. Prepare for the fact that up to 8-9 months, the main purpose of the puppy's desire to tear, chew, pull on the floor.
The opinion of the owners
Despite the fact that today in Russia is still not too common, the parson Russell Terrier, reviews about these dog breeders are already getting.
Very happy with my pet hunters. They believe that the endurance of these animals is amazing. Dogs are intelligent, easily learns commands, and are by far the best assistants in Fox hunting.
Owner reviews who have purchased the parson Russell as a pet, several different. Those people who live in country houses, very happy with the new family member. They value the attachment of the animal to the owner, the cleanliness, cheerful and friendly character. However, many have noted the complex relationship between Parsons with other animals.
The owners living in an apartment often complain about lack of space for your pet. The irrepressible energy of the animals needs to come out, and if they have a long time to spend in the four walls, they begin to behave inappropriately.
Many owners note that dogs are very attached to their owner. This can be considered and dignity of this breed and its lack. The fact that Parsons require greater attention. If they don't get it, dogs grieve, you begin to entertain themselves as they can. As a result, as noted is too busy at work owners suffer their property. Therefore, many suggest not to have such animal to novice breeders and people spending a lot of time outside the home.