How much per day goat give milk? Keeping and feeding goats for good milk yield
About to get a goat, I think many owners of small farms. After all, this "little cow" — the perfect animal for keeping. Small size, simplicity, cheerful disposition — this attractive quality of small cattle only increase the number of his fans. To take care of a goat is relatively easier than the cow, and on the table will always be environmentally friendly foods: milk, soft cheese, delicious cheese. And can be, and will remain something for sale, then pay off and purchase some feed. If you have more than one goat, a small herd, and the family budget greatly augmented. But those who decided to try myself in this field, there are quite reasonable questions. How much per day gives goat milk? What to feed her, how to care? How to choose a good dairy goat to purchase did not disappoint?
Breeds dairy goats
Of course, you can buy a normal breed the goat, and if you're lucky, the right amount of milk a goat gives per day, be 2.5, maybe 3 liters. This is enough for family of 3-4 people. But it also happens that, for some goats in the day of 1.5 liters is the maximum, and milked it would be 8 to 11 months of the year, and 6, and then the contents of the animal will be unprofitable. So if the future owner of a productive herd are important high rates, you should think about buying a purebred goats which can provide not only his family dairy products, but bring little benefit. What kind of breed to stay, and what the goats will give the highest yields?
On the territory of Central Russia, North and West is dominated by Russian breed. In 7-8 months of lactation it can give 400 to 600 liters of milk. These goats are not very large, their weight is approximately 35 kg, but some larger specimens weighing up to 55 kg.
Gorky breed is very similar to the Russian. And no wonder: because it is one of its offshoots. Most individuals give a day to 5.5 liters, and the fat content reaches 4.5%. Lectoraat to 10 months.
I especially want to highlight the Swiss goat breeding — saranskoy. These animals are very large: their weight is 50-60 kg, and there are those who weigh 90 kg. generally, these goats are hornless (i.e. hornless), with wool white, very graceful and beautiful. Yields reach 600-700 and even 1000 liters per year. They are popular all over the world, they were used to improve domestic breeds in Russia, Europe and Asia.
But there are the representatives of this breed is the disadvantage that they are demanding for food and housing maintenance, do not tolerate severe cold, as their fur has no undercoat, and buy a purebred goat we have in Russia is not easy. But offer a lot of mestizos, which are issued for the thoroughbred. However, these goat milk, and keep them profitable, especially since they are more adapted to our harsh winters.
How to choose a goat
Buying an adult animal, you need to consider that, in addition to her dairy qualities, it is important that it was great. Shiny coat, thick smooth skin, cheerful – indicators of well-being. Developed well-proportioned body, broad chest, straight back, convex edges, and surround the stomach, strong straight legs – all of this suggests the productive potential of the animal. Of course, in the eye to determine the actual yield of milk from goats during the day will fail, this is best done by monitoring milk production for several days. But based on visual examination, it is also possible to make certain conclusions. In goats with good milk yield volumetric elastic udder, the shape of a spherical or pear-shaped, coarse hair on it is not, as growths and hardening. Through the skin Shine milk veins. The edges are folds: a kind of "stock" udder in the case of increasing the amount of milk.
Room for keeping
For goats it is necessary to equip a separate room. Better if it is the barn, which was built in a dry place out of boards, hollow bricks, clay or Adobe. Keeping goats with chickens, pigs should not be, as birds, they can be infected with skin parasites, and swine odor suffer badly.
The optimum height of the ceiling in the shed is 2 metres, with a low ceiling is uncomfortable for the host, and prevents high good heating. The window is correctly positioned on the Sunny side and a safe distance from the floor, because the animal is able to break it.
The concrete floor in the goat's Rue do not want: this material is very cold and wet, it is better to lay it on a wooden Board. But they have disadvantages. Eventually the tree rots, and the animal may injure the feet. It is therefore necessary to monitor the condition of the floor. Although there is an alternative: clay coatings goats feel great. A small slope of the floor will not hurt, then all the liquid will drain into a special container, and in the paddock will be dry and clean.
Along the wall to arrange a wide shelf, they are goats love to sleep, and in cold weather the beds will protect from cold and inflammation of the udder.
A couple of goats enough 8 square meters of a paddock, and in the narrow stall them to move hard, and it can negatively impact how many liters of milk a goat gives per day.
The contents of the goats in the summer
In the summer season goats usually feed on pasture. But it's not enough to just bring the goat to the meadow, tied to a wooden or iron peg and leave for the day without supervision. Proper grazing is a prerequisite for high milk yields, depends on how much milk a goat gives per day. Great they feel free to walk under the supervision of a shepherd, then the power will be more fulfilling. But in the case of failure to do so a change from 2 to 3-4 times a day will help the animal to satisfy your favorite food.
When grass in a field with an excess, the goat you need to drink during the day at least 3 times. If she will drink little liquid, then yields will not be happy. Water goats should be from clean utensils, because these capricious are very clean and fastidious, and would not touch the dirty bucket. If a few goats, some "ladies" refuse to drink from common dishes, then you have to take care of the bucket for each. Water should not be too cold, acceptable if it is 10-15 degrees.
With the onset of cold weather goats are transferred to the permanent stabling to spring. At this time a varied and nutritious feeding is most important to prolong lactation and birth of healthy offspring.
Juicy food is not excluded from the diet, given to all kinds of waste, rough and concentrated forages.
To tie in the stall, the goat need not, and on the floor should be warm hay bedding. On Sunny days, a goat can produce in a patio in 4 hours. If there is a little frost, then 2 hours is enough.
Well, if the air temperature in the barn where the goats spend the winter, will be positive, as in the frosty room can become inflamed udder, in addition, the cold reduces the indicators of how much a day the goat gives milk. Especially demanding to heat "foreigner". The goat, imported from Europe, the undercoat is missing, so you should consider this feature and try to create the conditions associated with high productivity and health of animals.
In the category of such food include vegetables and root crops grown in the vegetable garden: carrots, beets, cabbage, potatoes, pumpkins, squash, Jerusalem artichokes. The number of their use due to the fact what produces milk yield of goat per day. Vegetables are thoroughly washed and finely cut, per head per day is given 500-700 g. Particularly in this series stands out for sugar beet, from its excessive consumption may bloating fermentation in the intestine may be diarrhea.
To concentrated feed include oats, barley, bran and feed. Oats and barley are given in granulated form.
Bran is fed in the form of mash. They contain a lot of protein, so it is advisable to mix it with food waste. Clean the potatoes, beets, carrots need a little salt and mix with bran. For the enrichment with vitamins added bonemeal and chalk.
Feed contain vitamins and minerals. For goats you can use the formula adapted for the birds. They have a positive effect on the prenatal development of the offspring, health and immune system of the animals and, of course, how many liters of milk does the goat during the day. In the stall period, the animal eats them up to 300 kg.
The basis of the power of cloven-hoofed domestic animals during the cold period – hay. Especially appreciated the dry food with fine stems of grasses, legumes and cereals. Hay should not be dried, humidity is good procurement is about 17%. It is one third of the total diet of goats in the winter, it is enough per day 2 kg, but if the animal is large or lactium, the rate can increase up to 2.5 kg.
Straw goats prefer spring sown cereals, legumes, lentil, pea, bean. But the stems of winter crops from goats are reluctant to eat.
To increase the nutritional value of the straw, giving it a more attractive taste, it is crushed and sprayed with warm, salted water (10 l 50 g salt). Then, aged in wooden crate 16-18 hours, add the concentrates and roots. This product is goats eat with pleasure, but next time leave it do not, it can deteriorate.
Love goats and forage conservation, in addition, it significantly increases milk yield significantly affects how much milk a goat gives per day, contain an impressive set of microelements. Start to collect the brooms from the beginning of the summer. Suitable twigs of willow, Linden, poplar, birch, hazel, ash, elm, Rowan. Branches with a maximum thickness of 1 cm and a length of two feet cut shears and dried for several hours in the sun to develop them vitamin D. Then hung under a canopy or in the attic, and dried for 2 weeks. Then stacked in rows in several layers.
In the stall period the goat can be given to 5 brooms in a day, but birch to give in limited quantities, they can cause inflammation of the kidneys. One goat is minimal in the winter requires 100 brooms.
If you are not able to prepare the brooms in the summer, the situation can save thin branches up to a thickness of 4 mm. Goats having fun they eat up to 40 pieces at a time. They are also rich in vitamins, they have a lot of chlorophyll. Twigs you can start to cut in November and into the spring.
In feeding goats, use fallen leaves, it retains the vitamins, and they have adequate nutrition. Collect leaves with a rake in dry weather, rolled in rollers, dried and cleaned of dirt.
Approximate daily diet
If in the summer the goat is mostly saturated in the pasture, and lush green grass almost covers the need for nutrients, in the housing properly organized feeding plays a huge role. After all, the well-fed animal will never freeze, gonna be a fun, and balanced diet will help maintain its health and future offspring will be born strong and developed. Plus it will have a positive impact on how much per day the goat gives milk.
In the morning the goat is better to give concentrates — 150 g or more for a large animal and a pound of carrots on his head.
At lunchtime hunger will quench the hay, wreaths or leaves.
In the evening the same amount of concentrated feed much in the morning. And more hay for the night.
If you do not observe the rules of feeding, cattle may develop rickets and beriberi.
How to increase milk production
How much per day goat give milk? The amount depends on several conditions. It is a hereditary factor, condition of housing, feeding, age goats, the number of milkings per day, and duration of lactation. Some of them do not depend on the owner: they are determined by genetics, but there are reasons that people may essentially influence. Complex correct measures will help the goat to reach its full productive potential.
- Once born, the goats, the goat must be razdavat: frequent milking of up to 4 times daily, massage of the udder stimulates the addition of milk, increases blood circulation, which positively affects the quality of the product.
- Significantly increase the amount of milk can be increased rate of concentrated feed. But it is important not to overdo it, otherwise you can cause harm to the animal.
- Milk arrives from juicy supplements especially pumpkin, apples, root vegetables.
- Experienced breeders recommend feeding goat with turnips: it has galactagogue properties. It should be added to the mash.
- The branches of trees to diversify the diet, they contain minerals and vitamins.
- Sometimes a vitamin deficiency is the cause of reduced milk production, therefore, especially in the winter should definitely be included in food supplements.
- How much per day the goat gives milk, is affected by the number of drinks it water, to deny the animal this can not be a hot summer day or in extreme cold. Some thoughtful hosts offer his favorite water with a decoction of herbs, lemon juice, plain tea or Kombucha. They are tired of a handful of Rowan berries or rose, a little dried fruit. This water goat drink with great pleasure, only to pick it up should be, respectively taste of the animal.
How to milk a goat
How correctly will be organized milking depends on how many liters of milk a goat gives per day. Some recommend starting to massage and develop the udder of a goat for a month before the birth, but this is wrong. Irritation of the udder can cause miscarriage, and then the young will be lost.
It is better to start a massage in the hours after lambing, during milking, then the benefits will be obvious. After the goat gave birth, the offspring should be immediately isolated, or subsequently, the uterus would not admit to the udder of the host.
In order that the animal stood calmly in front of him to put a bowl of water and throw pieces of bread, dried fruit, sliced apples. The udder must be washed with warm water, Pat dry with a towel and massage each fraction. Then grab the nipple with your fingers, squeeze and pull down, sliding movements squeezing milk. The first squirts should not fall into the pail, as they are non-sterile.
Udder to be emptied completely, because milk residues, it can begin mastitis. It also affects the increase of lactation: empty the udder is filled faster.
If a young goat, and the goats she had for the first time, milking it harder. She still does not understand that want from it, and agitated by new feelings. The machine is not for everyone, so it needs to be tied on a short leash, offer her a favorite treat or a delicious drink. Well, if you help someone close to you, hold and Pat, soothing. A little patience — and your nurse will get used to the procedure will be to take it easy.
Successfully buying a goat with good genetics, proper care of it, the owner can be sure: how many liters of milk a goat gives per day, enough to provide the entire family premium quality dairy products, and even bring considerable profit.