Sister is a popular family character
The word "sister" literally means "my woman" or "his family woman." Scientists-linguists suggest that it derives from an Indo-European "Boo-SOR", spread across all language groups and to the present time is as frequent as the word "mother".
The generally accepted definition is that sister is a child of the same parents from the point of view of the same child. However, depending on the degree of consanguinity or affinity are distinguished:
- Uterine (same mother) and half (same father) sisters. Often referred to as half.
- Half sisters, i.e. those that have no blood ties, but are considered relatives by reason of marriage of parents.
- Cousins – children of a brother or sister of a parent. In the European tradition – cousins.
- Sisters-in-law or sisters-in-law is a social property denoting, respectively, the sister of the husband or wife.
- A common separation by age – younger and older sister. As a rule, this distribution implies a certain status and responsibilities (elder, chief, more responsible, the youngest is spoiled).
Women also lead in the groups born babies – the number of girls is 67% of all multiple pregnancies. From a medical point of view, all they are twins, but in everyday use they are called twins, or twins. It is noteworthy that for boys less common treatment in such a hypocoristic form.
In addition to kinship, sister is also a status appeal, which means a profession (medical personnel), social position (nun) or belonging to a religious group (sect).
Treatment and reduction
The word "sister" has a similar sound in many languages. In particular, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Serbian it is similar in pronunciation familiar to the Russian ear. In the other word is pronounced only slightly differently. For example:
- English – sister ("sister").
- French: sœur.
- Swedish syster.
- German – Schwester ("sister").
- Polish – siostra.
- Uzbek – up.
For Asia is characterized by the absence of the word "sister" as a separate morpheme. In Chinese, Korean and Japanese languages for each "type" of such relatives, there is a separate designation. In particular, in Korea, elder sister is called "noona," the younger "sister", Japanese also the eldest of the children will be referred to as "dew" ("dew-San"), and the younger "IMO."
In the Russian language the word has many derivatives that have the same value, which is associated with high flexibility of the language. Russian sister may also be called "SIS", "SIS", "SIS", "sister" and each of these titles will be decent, relevant to the application under certain circumstances.
Family ties and the theme of incest
Incest is sexual relationship between close blood relatives in the descending (vertical) or horizontal lines, including cousins. This phenomenon is forbidden by law and actively condemned by society, but nevertheless, interest in sexual relations between siblings continues unabated.
In the recent, by historical standards, the past, the incest of this kind was quite common. Everyone knows that the pharaohs of Egypt married their sisters (and half-relatives), to preserve the purity of line, and the dynasty of Plantagenet, Capet, of Lancaster, of the Habsburgs at the time, intermarried almost exclusively with the cousins. The last communication between relatives happened so often that it led to a complete degeneration.
During the XVI-XIX centuries in Europe among the aristocracy and bourgeoisie, approximately 70% were marriages between cousins. And any perversions and speech was not. The existing at that time, the system of inheritance cousin's wife's sister – it was the only way to keep intact the status and transfer by inheritance of title.
In the modern world, marriage between cousins is forbidden in most countries. However, in the middle East his pace, by contrast, are growing at a dangerous pace. In Iraq, Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, the marriage of brothers with cousins and second cousins sisters reach 30% of the total, and in some regions the figure is even higher.
The Legislation Of The Russian Federation
According to article 14 of the Family code, sister is a close relative associated with the other children by blood at least one of the parents. The status of sister or brother allows you to:
- To notify them of the detention by law enforcement agencies within 12 hours.
- The right not to testify against them.
- The right at any time to work on administrative leave for their funerals.
- The right to exemption from tax on property received in gift.
Norms of article 93 of the Family code also obliges brothers and sisters contain other minor family members, if the parents can't do it due to objective reasons (death, being in places of confinement, absence). They are also indirect heirs in case of death. Turn relatives (full and half) sisters comes after parents, spouses and children, and all cousins – in the absence of other relatives, including their parents.
Fiction and film
The theme of the relationship between the sisters and other children is one of the most popular in the creative world and does not depend on time and country. The number of works where the line sibling relationships not only touches in passing, but is one of the main is quite large. Have become classics of world literature such novels as "Pride and prejudice" (Charlotte Bronte), Little women (Louise Alcott), "Three sisters" (Anton Chekhov), "asylum" (Shirley Jackson), "flowers in the attic" (Virginia Andrews) and many others. Even the symbol of the Russian poetry – Alexander Pushkin — through the ages tells the story of the sisters and the conflict between them.
Film companies of different countries have also not paid attention to the sisters. In addition to film adaptations of books on the subject, there are original stories – the crying game (USA, 1999), "Caligula" (Italy, 1979), "Difficult children" (France, 1950), "brotherhood of the wolf" (France, 2001), "My sister, my love" (Sweden, 2007), "a Bed for brother and sister" (Sweden, 1965).
Among the modern series is best known for "Game of thrones", "Hemlock grove". Among anime about brother and sister and there are also tape. For example, you should watch "angel Sanctuary", "Related to heaven", "I love my sister" and "Delusion sisters."
In the world many famous people who work in related tandem. They can be found in almost all areas of life, but especially in the film industry. Everybody knows Mary-Kate and Ashley Walton, known for movies about twins ("me and my shadow", "Holidays in Paris"), Monica – the younger sister of the famous Penelope Cruz. The list is long. In sport well-known twins Victoria and Valentina Semerenko, who devoted his life to biathlon, but in fiction the most famous is still the Bronte sisters – Anne, Charlotte and Emily.