The most popular types of cichlid for the home aquarium
Cichlids, or Silovye well known to even the novice aquarist. Not surprising, since this family includes scalars and majestic, and Regal discus, and the gold melanochromis, and many other beautiful and popular fish. Types of cichlids are so numerous that their representatives can meet in Central and South America, in the rivers of the Amazon basin, in lakes Tanganyika, Malawi.
Cichlids have certain similarities with other Perciformes. Some newcomers even identify these fish with the bass. This was one of the names of cichlids — Malawian perch, or snail perch. But all types of cichlids have their own characteristics, often indistinguishable to the naked eye. First two United the pharyngeal bones, which have no bass, and one pair of nasal openings.
The contents in the aquarium
Many varieties of cichlids require special conditions that would be as close to their natural habitat. Even in the aquarium, cichlids do not want to part with the habits characteristic of them in natural conditions. Be aware that most cichlids like to break the soil, undermining the roots of the plants. Many species of cichlids sin predatory moods: they can seriously injure and even kill neighbors in the aquarium. To not burst into a real strife, we should not settle bullies in one house with calm fish.
Pedigree cichlids: types, features
Cichlidae family is subdivided into many genera. Their ancestors fed on insects and plankton, and the fish narrow food specialization. Members of this family settled almost all over the southern hemisphere of the planet. In order not to get lost in this diversity, consider the major groups.
1. The waters of the South of India, Madagascar and Ceylon
A typical representative — Etroplus maculatus (etroplus common). This fish grows up to 8 cm long and lives in small groups. Typical to most cichlids the strong parental instinct there and etroplus. Once the calf there are kids, both parents are showing concern about them.
The most common color etroplus — grayish-brown body with a bluish glow and longitudinal rows of red spots, on the sides is a few dark spots.
2. Rivers and lakes in Central and South America
The American species of cichlids have many features. In some species a special form of the jaws, others exaggerated lips, incredible body shape, a specific color.
Cichlasoma, Conchita extremely popular with professionals. And scalars and discus are well known even to the beginner.
Very common cichlids in lakes Tanganyika, Malawi, Victoria. In Africa, there are about a thousand species of cichlasomas. All cichlids in lake Malawi are hatching the eggs in her mouth. There appeared fry long hiding from danger. And here at aquarium fish of the same species instinct weakens, and they can accidentally eat someone of their own children.
The most common and popular among aquarists, the American cichlid mbuna.