The most effective antiviral drugs for children from 2 years
Children more often than adults are prone to various viral infections. This is due to the fact that a small, not fully formed body is still very weak immunity. In order to choose high-quality and effective antiviral drugs for children, it is necessary to know how the immune system of the child functions and what means can really help to cope with the infection.
What is immunity?
The human immune system is a complex mechanism that relieves the body of various infections and diseases. The lymphocytes contained in the organs of the protective system (tonsils, thymus, lymph nodes, spleen) are produced in the necessary quantity in order to combat genetically alien objects. The increased norm of these substances in the blood means that there is an infection in the body.
Another very important component that produces the immune system is interferon. These are special proteins that are released in the body when a virus appears. Interferons are able to fight both with various types of infections, and with cancer cells. A low number of such proteins in the body means that the human immune system is weakened.
Decreased immunity is one of the most important reasons that children are so often sick. Interferon proteins are produced in the body very badly, phagocytosis (absorption of foreign particles) does not occur, and hence the ability to fight the virus decreases. It can be assumed that with a good immune system, antiviral drugs are not needed, but this is not entirely true. If immune cells are needed in order to fight the virus, then drugs are needed in order to stop its reproduction in the body.
Virus - Living Matter
Surely many people asked themselves what the virus was. Let's try to figure this out. From the course of school biology, it is known that a virus is a microparticle capable of infecting living organisms. It consists of DNA or RNA molecules encapsulated in a capsid (a protein coat). Flu is just one of its varieties.
The influenza virus consists of ribonucleic acid and a protective coat. It is transmitted by airborne droplets and affects the upper respiratory tract. This disease belongs to the number of acute respiratory viral diseases (ARVI).
How do viral infections work?
In order to choose effective antiviral drugs for children from 2 years, it is necessary to know how the infection occurs. As a rule, the children suffer from acute respiratory infections. The virus enters the body through the respiratory tract and infects one cell there. It is built into its genetic structure and reproduces very quickly. During this period of time, the child can observe a swollen red throat, a stuffed spout. As a rule, after a certain time the baby's fever rises. This is because the body activates all its protective properties. High temperature (up to 38 ° C) enhances phagocytosis and stimulates the formation of interferon. Once the virus or infection recedes, a decrease in temperature can be observed.
Is it always necessary to use antiviral drugs for children
From 2 years of age, children often get sick, but does it always make sense to "feed" them with various medications? The fact is that cells of immunity possess very good memory. After a successful victory over bacteria, they remember them and next time they fight with them even more effectively. If the child's body gets a weak virus, then he is able to cope with it independently. For some reason, some parents believe that this is dangerous, and they prefer to give medicines right away.
This is a misconception. After using antiviral drugs, habituation arises, and the immune system will get worse every time. If a weak virus has got into the body, and the child does not have a high temperature, then without such drugs it is possible to do. In addition, scientists have proven that at an older age children are exposed to acute respiratory viral infection much less often, precisely because by this time they are developing immunity to these viruses.
What is an antiviral drug
It is known that this medicine, which helps in the fight against the virus. But what is the principle of its operation? It turns out that there are various antiviral drugs for children from 2 years old. All of them are classified according to the active substance and the mechanism of fighting the virus. For example, adamantane and its derivatives are substances that block the penetration of viral RNA into the cells of the body. Interferons are able to enhance immunity, and aminocyclohexenecarboxylic acid inhibits the multiplication of viruses. There is another separate series of medicines called homeopathic. Such drugs have a small dose of the infection itself, which contributes to its suppression. Each of these groups of drugs is really capable of fighting viruses, but which one to choose? Let us consider them in more detail.
This group includes various antiviral drugs for children 2 years old. The list presented below is just a small part of those medicines that exist all over the world. Antiviral drugs with interferon:
These drugs contain IFN. It is an analogue of that interferon, which produces the human body. This substance prevents the reproduction of the virus, disrupting the synthesis of viral ribonucleic acid. It is an absolutely natural component that does not cause allergies. IFN has practically no contraindications to the application and is excellent for both children and adults. On the package containing the drug containing interferon, its production method (recombinant or human leukocyte) and the molecular weight of IFN molecules (alpha, beta, gamma) are necessarily indicated.
Leukocyte interferon is made from donor human blood, and it is extremely rare. A more frequent form is recombinant IFN. It is produced in biochemical laboratories by synthesizing a clone of Escherichia coli and human genes. Such antiviral drugs for children of 2 years are inexpensive and quite effective. They are excellent immunomodulators, helping to protect children's body from a viral infection. If ARVI is already in the advanced stage, and the child has a high temperature (above 38 ° C), then these drugs will be a good help in fighting the virus.
This category of drugs can include the following drugs:
They are widely used, especially for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections in children. Unfortunately, not all parents know about the properties of homeopathic remedies and their methods of influencing the body. The most important principle of these drugs is that if large doses of a certain substance cause a certain symptom, then its small doses produce the opposite effect (like cured like). Antiviral drugs for children from 2 years on the basis of homeopathic remedies contain very small doses of substances similar in their properties to viruses. Thus, getting inside the body, they make it faster to include their protective functions.
Scientifically, their high efficacy has not been proven, but the demand for these drugs in pharmacies speaks for itself. Almost every country produces certain antiviral drugs for children (2 years). Russia has also been very successful in this matter. About such a preparation as "Anaferon", almost everyone heard. This homeopathic remedy is used to prevent influenza in many families.
Doctor Komarovsky and ORVI
Many parents know such a wonderful doctor as Dr. Komarovsky. His advice and recommendations are impressive at the same time simple and effective. For sure, many are interested in what this expert says about ARVI. Naturally, in order not to be ill, you need to try to reduce contacts with infected people. Unfortunately, this does not always work. Another way out is antiviral drugs for children 2 years old. Komarovsky advises the use of such drugs as "Oseltamivir" and "Rimantadine". But it is necessary to do this only if the child is forced to contact sick people with the flu (in the kindergarten, school).
Substances that inhibit the action of enzymes
This group includes antiviral drugs for children (2 years). Good parents always try to choose for their kid not only an effective medicine, but also the most sparing. Most likely, therefore, Dr. Komarovsky advises this group of drugs ("Oseltamivir" and "Rimantadine") for the prevention of acute respiratory infections. Such drugs are called neuraminidase inhibitors. They slow down the process of virus multiplication by affecting the envelope component of the virus, which is called neuraminidase.
Oseltamivir is the active substance of Oseltamivir, which can be found in medicines such as Tamiflu and Floustop. Amantadine is an active substance of "Rimantadine" and has similar properties with oseltamivir. Amantadine derivatives are resistant to influenza A viruses. Oseltamivir, in turn, inhibits the action of influenza A and B influenza.
The best antiviral drugs for children are available in a variety of forms. Let's try to figure out what the difference is and which of them are more effective. Little babies do not always readily take medicine. Most often this event is accompanied by vagaries and tears. Producers of medicines in all possible ways try to please the baby (so it was not painful and delicious), and parents (that the drug was effective). The most common forms include: pills, drops, syrups and candles. Of course, there are also injections, however, as a rule, they are not used by parents, but by doctors. In each such means, regardless of its appearance, the necessary amount of active substance is present.
Antiviral drops and tablets for children
In order for the baby to take the medicine with joy, it should be tasty. These are exactly what modern manufacturers are trying to do. By adding various components (for example, lactose monohydrate) they receive antiviral drugs for children - inexpensive and rather tasty. Lactose is milk sugar, used in various foods and medicines as a sweetener. Surely even the most stubborn child will not give up a pill with such a component.
For a form such as drops, a sweetener is not needed. Of course, the kids do not really like it when they dig in a spout, but sometimes it's a forced measure. When a child develops a copious rhinitis, resorption of the tablet may not be effective enough. In this case, use drops for the nose. First, the nasal cavity is washed with saline solution in order to get rid of excess mucus, and then drops a few drops of the medicine into the baby's spout. Although small patients do not like this idea, many parents approve of such antiviral drugs for children for 2 years. Reviews at various forums testify to the effectiveness of nasal drops precisely from the common cold and stuffy nose.
About this form of medicines has become known relatively recently. Precisely because parents do not know why antiviral candles are manufactured, they often make a choice not in their favor. And very vain. It turns out that such antiviral drugs for children of 2 years are inexpensive and fast. Getting into the body in a rectal way, the active substance of the drug (in this form it is, as a rule, interferon) is very quickly absorbed and enters the blood. This allows IFN to rapidly provide antiviral and immunomodulatory effects.
We found out that there are a lot of antiviral drugs for children. They are produced in different pharmacological forms and differ in composition. In each individual case, some medicine may be less or more effective. The choice of antiviral drugs for children is best coordinated with the attending physician, and then their use will go to the child only for good.