Russian Spaniel: training, photos, reviews
In the 19th century in our country was extremely popular hunting dogs. In particular, for hunting waterfowl or wading birds in Russia imported Cocker spaniels. But such popular in my country, in Russia cockers are unable to completely satisfy the requests of hunters, because their short legs could not help dogs in winter hunting birds, as animals are just bogged down in deep snow.
The lack of a suitable for the Russian climate dog breeders forced to think about self-removal of the right breed. They chose the long-legged representatives of the breed, was released from the European sprinters to have their blood to improve livestock. This process was repeated for several populations, which has led to the emergence of spaniels, do not suit the standard of the English breeds.
The thirties of the last century Russia had many dogs, not suitable to the standards available at the time of the rocks, however, are relatively common. However still early to speak about the emergence of a new breed that meets the needs of hunters.
Full breeding started after world war II, and in 1951 the act introduced the original standard for the breed. Final, a slightly modified standard appeared in 1966.
The appearance of the dog
Hunting dog Russian Spaniel presents individuals with dry body, fairly low rise. Unlike English Spaniel, these dogs have high foot relative to growth. Length of front legs from elbow to ground standard is 50% of the height at the withers.
Height males – 38-44 cm, females – 35-42 cm at the withers. The rules do not specify the weight of the animal, but for the working individuals the most comfortable are 12-16 kg.
Russian Spaniel – the owner of a rather long wool, very soft to the touch, slightly curly. On the chest, ears, limbs – feathering, tail – suspension. The color can be monochrome, two-color or consist of 3 colors. Acceptable in a mono color version and multi colored color colors: black, white, red, brown.
Running in the gallop. Enough on the crossed space – trot.
Russian Spaniel — quite balanced but agile dog. To man friendly. Most often the dog has a cheerful and affectionate disposition. The center of the Universe for her is the owner. To control the dog easily.
Dogs have a well developed intuition, they are extremely energetic, have a high stamina, incredibly persistent. Innate as is the desire to search and a strong need filing.
With the dog comfortable and at home and in the field. Hunting dog Russian Spaniel't hurt Pets, caring for the children. Would be happy to wear the balls, toys, and more. The training does not require much effort. A great watchdog.
The choice of a puppy
A breed, like a Spaniel (hunting), photos of this dog are presented in this article is loved by many and often purchased for children. If you buy an animal for a family living in the city, specific requirements for a puppy are not present. But if you plan to take a dog for hunting, then the choice should be approached very seriously.
A key requirement was to purchase a puppy need from good working parents. The parents of the puppy must present documents confirming the breed, and the pedigree of the exterior needs to be evaluated as "excellent". If dogs have a field diplomas – even better. This means that her work ability assessed by the experts.
Puppy is better to take large, active, vocal. This is the first harbingers of a good working dog.
To purchase a puppy
To buy a puppy the best way through the kennel club. There advise of the breeder who has a dog that meets your requirements. If you buy pet ads, very high risk to the marriage of the breed or even puppy is not of purebred dogs. If you are not an expert in this field, it is better not to risk and to appeal to well-known breeders.
Often in large cities to buy a dog hunting breeds quite difficult. So, the fans of going to clubs, nurseries, sections to assist novices, organize competitions, just to communicate with such lovers of the breed Russian hunting spaniels. Moscow presents several nurseries where you can buy pet and assistant. In the future you can get advice and assistance in training and develop working skills. This "Forest hunter", "Section fans GREW Mooir", "Section of fans of spaniels" and a few others.
Caring for a dog
The contents of the Russian Spaniel is not too difficult and quite acceptable in a city apartment. Prerequisite are long walks, allowing the dog to throw out the accumulated energy and maintain muscle tone.
The coat should be brushed weekly, while inspecting the ears. This breed is peculiar to all sorts of inflammation on the ears. Frequently wash the animal does not need to do it better after a long hunt, after running through the swamps or rivers.
Every dog requires good nutrition to stay healthy and active. Shioi food should leave at a time when there is a shortage of time and will not have time to cook a full meal.
Feeding the Russian Spaniel is no different than feeding dogs of other breeds. One thing to remember — a pet is very active, so he needs to eat some more protein.
Deciding to feed it natural food, it is necessary to apply mainly fish (possibly sea), offal and lean meat, fruit and vegetables, which dogs of this breed love. Once in two weeks it is advisable to arrange the animal fasting day.
After the puppy took from a breeder, no need to rush to establish a new routine. In order to ease the stress of changing environment, you need at least a few days to allow the pet to live as usual. To change the diet, adapting to their capabilities and habits, should gradually.
To teach basic working skills of the puppy of this breed may not even the most experienced breeder.
Training Russian Spaniel should begin in early childhood. First, the puppy is taught the General rules of behavior: give him to understand that he can do in the house and what not. When training you need to be patient, as any dog needs time to understand what is required of her.
Housebreaking on the street is an important stage of learning. The first 2 months the puppy should not be put on the street, but grown-up dog need to endure every time she starts to look for a place to meet natural needs (you can't force a puppy to walk the stairs – not to harm the joints, it is necessary to carry).
Incorrect and untimely education faces serious problems in the future. Rude dog, not trained to the limit, cause serious hardship for the owner.
The main mistake many breeders is to succumb to the charm of the sad eyes of a pet, asking for a handout from the table during the meal. The first thing is to learn the puppy – what to beg in this house impossible. If the owner understands that is not able to refuse a pet in the piece from the table, you should not allow the dog to be present during the meal people.
After puppy of breed Russian Spaniel learned the basic concepts will be useful to go with him OKD (General course of training). This will allow him to better understand his master, and will teach the owner to control the animal. OKD you can go to special schools, but you can master yourself, because the literature on this question quite a lot and find it is not difficult.
Training for hunting skills is best done under the supervision of an experienced instructor, especially if the owner is a newcomer. Training for young dogs should be in the form of the game – so pet better learn the necessary knowledge. The best version of the game for this breed is simulated hunting. The kennel club will be able to suggest sites where it is possible to effectively train an animal working skills.
Tesserufati animals not too difficult thanks to their intelligence and great desire to please the owner. If there is no possibility to contact the trainers, it is possible to self-teach the skills of hunting dogs Spaniel (hunting). Photos with detailed step by step instructions can be found in books on dog breeding.
The use of dogs
Russian Spaniel was bred for hunting birds, have chosen the habitat of the water spaces. The dog is widely used throughout the country. The main task of the dog to find the bird and scare her, "lifting wing". Once the hunter will make a good shot, the animal must detect and bring game.
Puppies of the Russian Spaniel is often purchased as a companion to the children. The breed is well-suited for home detention due to his cheerfulness, friendliness, affectionate disposition and responsibility. The dog spends time with the beloved master everywhere – even in the mud of the swamp, though on the cosy sofa.
Search the instincts of animals of this breed are developed so that today they are widely used to search for drugs and explosives or when rescuing people from avalanches.
The responsibility of a dog allows her to demonstrate excellent guard skills, if necessary, protecting the property owner.
Opinions about the breed you can find a lot. Almost everyone who ever encountered with the breed, said the friendliness of dogs, the adoration of her owner, rare ingenuity and activity. With the proper education and careful choice of pup unfavorable reviews just yet. If someone remains dissatisfied with the choice, then the fault here is most likely either a faulty upbringing or the wrong approach to selecting a breed: for example, a calm couch potato will not be happy nearby with an active puppy that needs a daily long walk.
The bulk of breeders admires dogs breed of the hunting. Spaniel reviews, which leave only the most positive, even enthusiastic, stays true to the other person for years. Most people who bought a dog of this breed, forever fell in love with them in the future agrees to have just such dogs.