Russian hunting spaniel: training, photo, reviews
In the 19th century hunting with dogs was extremely popular in our country. In particular, for hunting for waterfowl or wading birds, cocker spaniels were brought to Russia. But such popular in their country, in Russia, the cockers could not fully satisfy the demands of hunters, because their short legs could not help the dogs in the winter hunting for birds, as the animals just got bogged down in deep snow.
The lack of a suitable dog for the Russian climate made the breeders think about independently breeding a suitable breed. They chose the longest-legged representatives of the breed, discharged sprinters from Europe to improve their livestock with blood. This process was repeated for several years, which led to the appearance of spaniels that did not fit the standard of English breeds.
By the thirties of the last century, Russia had a lot of dogs that did not fit the standards of the rocks at that time, but with common signs. Nevertheless, it was too early to talk about the emergence of a new breed that met the needs of hunters.
Full-fledged breeding work began after the Second World War, and in 1951 the original breed standard was put into effect. The final, slightly modified standard appeared in 1966.
Appearance of a dog
The hunting breed Russian spaniel is represented by individuals with a dry build, rather low growth. Unlike English spaniels, these dogs have high legs with respect to growth. The length of the front limb from elbow to ground is 50% of the height at the withers.
The height of males is 38-44 cm, the branch is 35-42 cm at the withers. The norms do not indicate the weight of the animal, but for working individuals the most comfortable are 12-16 kg.
Russian hunting spaniel - the owner of a rather long coat, the touch is very soft, slightly curly. On the chest, ears, limbs - feathers, on the tail - suspension. Color can be monochrome, bi-color or consist of 3 colors. Admissible both in monochrome version, and at a multi-colored color: black, white, red, brown.
Running in work is a canter. On a sufficiently intersected space - a lynx.
The Russian hunting spaniel is a fairly balanced, but mobile dog. Attitude to the person is friendly. Most often the dog has a cheerful and affectionate disposition. The center of the universe for her is the master. It's easy to control a dog.
Dogs have a well-developed flair, they are extremely energetic, have high endurance, are incredibly persistent. Inherent quality is the desire for search and a strong need for filing.
With this dog is comfortable both at home and in the field. A hunting dog Russian spaniel does not offend pets, cares for children. With pleasure will wear balls, toys and stuff. Training does not require much effort. An excellent watchman.
Choosing a puppy
Such a breed as a spaniel (Russian hunting), photos of this dog are presented in this article, many people like and often buy for children. If you buy an animal for the family, life in the city, you can not show any special requirements to the puppy. But if you plan to take a dog for hunting, then the choice should be taken very seriously.
The basic requirement: to get a puppy it is necessary from good working parents. The puppy's parents must have documents confirming the breed, and in the pedigree the exterior should be rated "excellent". If dogs have field diplomas - even better. This means that her work abilities are evaluated by experts.
Puppy is better to take a large, active, vociferous. These are the first harbingers of a good working dog.
Purchasing a puppy
To get a puppy is best through a dog breeding club. There they will advise the breeder who has a dog that matches your needs. If you buy a pet on the ads, there is a very high risk of getting a marriage of a breed or a puppy not from purebred dogs. If you are not an expert in this field, it's better not to take risks and turn to well-known breeders.
Often it is rather difficult to purchase a hunting breed dog in large cities. So, amateurs gather in clubs, nurseries, sections in order to help beginners, organize competitions, just to communicate with the same breed lovers Russian hunting spaniels. Moscow represents several nurseries, where you can buy a pet and assistant. In the future, you can get advice and help in training and development of working skills. This is the "Forest Hunter", "Section of lovers ROS MOOiR", "Section of lovers of spaniels" and several others.
The content of the Russian hunting spaniel is not too difficult and quite acceptable in a city apartment. An indispensable condition is long walks, allowing the dog to throw out the accumulated energy and maintain the muscles in a tone.
Wool must be combed weekly, while examining the ears. For this breed, there are all kinds of inflammations on the ears. Often, you do not need to wash an animal, do it better after a long hunt, after running through swamps or rivers.
Features of feeding
Any dog needs a full meal to stay healthy and active. Suhoya food should be left at a time when there is a shortage of time and there will be no time to prepare a full meal.
The feeding of the Russian hunting spaniel does not differ in any way from the feeding of dogs of other breeds. The only thing to remember is that the pet is very active, so he needs to eat a little more protein.
Having decided to feed it with natural food, it is worthwhile to use mainly fish (if possible - marine), offal and lean meat, fruits and vegetables, which dogs of this breed are very fond of. Once every two weeks it is advisable to arrange an unloading day for the animal.
Feeding the puppies
After the puppy was taken from the breeder, do not rush to establish a new routine for him. In order to mitigate the stress of changing the situation, you need at least a few days to allow the pet to live in the familiar mode. Change food, adjusting to their abilities and habits, you need to gradually.
Teaching the basic working skills of a puppy of this breed may not even be the most experienced dog breeder.
The training of the Russian hunting spaniel should begin in early childhood. First the puppy is taught the general rules of behavior: they let him know what he can do in the house and what is not. When learning to patience, as any dog needs time to understand what is required of it.
Teaching to the toilet on the street is an important stage of training. The first 2 months of the puppy should not be taken to the street, but the matured dog must be taken out every time it starts to look for a place to meet natural needs (you can not make the puppy walk the stairs - not to hurt the joints, it must be carried on the hands).
Incorrect and untimely education threatens serious problems in the future. Unschooled dogs that are not trained to the limits of what they are allowed cause serious difficulties for the owner.
The main mistake of many dog breeders is to succumb to the charm of the sad eyes of a pet asking for a pod from the table during a meal. The first thing a puppy must learn is that you can not beg in this house. If the owner understands that he can not refuse the pet in a piece from the table, it is necessary to forbid the dog to be present when people eat.
After the puppy of the Russian hunting spaniel breed has mastered the basic concepts, it will be useful to go with it OKD (the general course of training). This will allow him to better understand his master and teach the owner to control the animal. OKD can be done in specialized schools, but you can master it yourself, as there is a lot of literature on this issue and it is not difficult to find it at all.
Training is hunting skills is best conducted under the supervision of an experienced instructor, especially if the owner himself is still a beginner. Training for young dogs must take place in the form of a game - so the pet will better learn the necessary knowledge. The best game for this breed will be an imitation of hunting. In the club, dog breeders will be able to suggest areas where you can best teach the animal working skills.
To train these animals is not too difficult due to their mind and a great desire to please the owner. If it is not possible to contact the instructors, it is quite possible to teach the dogs spaniel (Russian hunting) skills on their own. Photos with detailed step-by-step instructions can be found in books on dog breeding.
The Russian hunting spaniel was bred to hunt for a bird that chose to live in the water. Widely use a dog throughout the country. The main task of the dog is to find a bird and frighten it by "lifting it to the wing". After the hunter makes a successful shot, the animal must detect and bring the game.
Puppies of the Russian hunting spaniel are often purchased as a companion to children. The breed is excellent for home maintenance due to its cheerfulness, friendliness, affectionate nature and responsibility. A dog enjoys spending time with his beloved owner everywhere - even in the mud of a marsh, even on a cozy sofa.
The search instincts of animals of this breed are so developed that today they are widely used to search for narcotic or explosive substances or for rescuing people from avalanches.
The responsibility of the dog allows it to demonstrate excellent watchdog skills, if necessary protecting the owner's property.
Reviews of the breed can be found mass. Almost everyone who has ever encountered the breed, notes the friendliness of the dog, the adoration of her master, rare ingenuity and activity. With proper education and careful selection of the puppy, there is simply no unfavorable feedback. If someone remains dissatisfied with the choice, then the fault here will most likely be either a wrong education or an incorrect approach to choosing a breed: for example, a relaxed homebody will not be happy with the neighborhood with an active puppy, with whom it is necessary to walk a long daily.
The bulk of breeders are admired by dogs of the Russian hunting breed. Spaniel, reviews about which leave only the most positive, even enthusiastic, remains a faithful friend to man for many years. Most often a person who bought a dog of this breed, forever falls in love with them and later agrees to start only such dogs.