Rotavirus infection in children
Rotavirus infection in children is an acute disease of an infectious nature, which occurs most often General intoxication, lesions of the mucous membranes of the naso - and oropharynx and the gastrointestinal tract, the main syndrome is gastroenteritis, and strong dehydration of the body.
Path of transmission:
— fecal-oral (food) with (unwashed hands, the errors in the care of the child)
— contact-household (through badly treated toys, after contact with sick OKIE relatives).
Depending on the way in which an infectious agent has entered the body, the beginning of clinical manifestations is different. When airborne infection rotavirus infection in children may initially manifest as SARS, i.e., catarrhal symptoms (redness of the throat, sore throat, etc.), then there are signs of intestinal infection. In other cases the disease begins with acute dyspeptic symptoms. Sharply rising body temperature (but not above 38,0°), there is repeated vomiting and loose, watery stools up to 10 times a day, which may have a yellow-green color and has an unpleasant odor. In the future, due to the large loss of fluids, dehydration of the body, the child becomes pale, flaccid, adynamic, complains of abdominal pain and thirst. Over time, there are growing signs of intoxication (headache, refusal of food, restlessness, or Vice versa the depression).
Disease is one of the most common intestinal infections rotavirus in children. However, most rotavirus infections occurs in children aged nine to twelve months.
But I want to elaborate on the treatment.
The treatment algorithm includes:
— monitoring and control.
Diet. Children who are breastfed, it is recommended to reduce the amount of feedings, but increase the number (granularity). In two days you can gradually regain the rhythm of feedings-back. For children, artificial feeding is recommended to replace the mixture on a low-lactose (Humana HN, detract, etc.).
Older children are encouraged delete from the diet products that increase peristalsis and flatulence (fresh fruits, vegetables, fatty broth, brown bread, oatmeal, fruit juices, whole milk). Such a diet you need to follow the entire treatment period plus another 10-14 days after recovery.
You can: fruits and vegetables cooked or baked, dried white bread, crackers, app cookies, drying, porridge on the water, soups on vegetable broth, boiled chicken, rabbit meat, mineral water, tea with lemon.
Rehydration (saturation of the body with fluid).
If the child is conscious and thirsty, his otpaivat a large number of solutions. You need your child to drink often and fractional, in small portions (5-10 ml every 10 min). The simplest solution that you can prepare at home is sweet tea with lemon.
Also often used the following solutions:
If the child refuses to drink or is unconscious, obligatory hospitalization in children infectious diseases Department for the conduct of parenteral rehydration.
Etiotropic therapy. Most often, rotavirus infection in children, as with many intestinal infections are treatable with drugs nitrofuran, such as Nifuroxazide, Furazolidone, Enterofuril.
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