Rotavirus in pregnancy: treatment, prevention and possible consequences
Rotavirus in pregnancy is not rare. Of course, the expectant mother should be careful, however, to completely exclude such a possibility impossible. So today we will talk about the main ways of infection, especially the prevention and treatment of expectant mothers. I would like to reassure women: risk to the fetus rotavirus is not, and with the right approach treated quickly enough.
Stomach flu, or rotavirus, pregnancy develops in its classic scheme. It is an infectious disease that is caused by viral pathogen. The disease is very insidious and highly contagious. It affects the intestines and causes severe diarrhea. The name of the virus sometimes surprising Everyman, because his effect does not apply to the oral cavity. In fact, it came from the Latin rota, a wheel. Form of media under the microscope is very reminiscent of it.
People should at least in General terms, to know what had to face his body. Rotavirus in pregnancy is developing quite sharply, so the sooner to make a diagnosis and prescribe an effective treatment, the better for you.
The causative agent is the representative of the family Reoviridae, each of which has a similar antigenic structure. They were identified relatively recently. Only in 1973 doctors found it when examining the content of the small intestine. Since then began a systematic study of these disease-causing organisms.
The source of infection
How does the rotavirus during pregnancy? The answer to the question will give us information on how to protect yourself from this disease. The fetus in the womb does not suffer, but the consequences of infection can indirectly affect it.
The source of infection common to all, pregnancy does not make any adjustments. However, forewarned is forearmed. The main source of infection is contact-household way. Let's consider the most common routes of transmission:
- Contact with a sick person. For the duration of the incubation period, to determine that he is infected, is virtually impossible.
- When you eat poor quality food, poorly washed fruits and vegetables and water from doubtful sources. Therefore, pregnant women need to carefully watch what she eats.
- Through contaminated surfaces.
- Dirty hands.
The mechanism of infection
How is rotavirus? This is another key to how to protect themselves. The scheme is classic, the rotavirus is transmitted through fecal-oral route. Once in the body, viruses multiply rapidly. The incubation period of a pregnant woman lasts 1-2 days, after which together with the stool begin to stand out pathogens. They are easily spread by household and begins his work in the new body. Therefore, if the family have already seen a case of infection, always observe caution, to disinfect the bathroom and wash hands thoroughly.
Diagnosis of the disease
The rotavirus during pregnancy is transferred in the form of light, trigger the natural mechanisms of protection of the expectant mother. However, all the classic symptoms are observed. If you notice some of the above symptoms, you should see a doctor, you can choose the method of treatment should only an experienced specialist who will weigh the pros and cons. So, the symptoms:
- Watery diarrhea every hour. The disease is not dangerous to the fetus but causes severe dehydration of the mother, so this condition requires correction.
- High temperature.
- Copious vomiting.
In the most severe cases, there may be heart palpitations. To diagnose the disease is simple, but for completeness, it is necessary to take into account the totality of the symptoms and the results of analysis of feces.
Peculiarities of diagnosis and treatment in the first trimester
It is sometimes difficult to identify rotavirus in the early stages of pregnancy. The expectant mother at this time often have not visited the doctor, and vomiting and diarrhea debits on the manifestation of toxicity. Treatment and medical monitoring is missing, which can lead to disastrous consequences for the mother's body. The other extreme is the self-administration of drugs, most often antibiotics, which is also strictly prohibited.
What to do if you suspect rotavirus during pregnancy? How to treat this disease? These are questions that should be asked of your doctor. So be sure to be on time with help. Only a specialist can prescribe the correct advice and treatment. If the situation is complex, you may be hospitalized. In fact, even the mild form of rotavirus is desirable to go to the hospital. Here the patient is isolated, ensure a separate bowl and care. Diseased pregnant woman needs rest and comfort. To transmit the virus on legs is highly undesirable, not to lose power.
What is the danger of intestinal flu
At first glance, any threats to mother and fetus are not carrying the rotavirus during pregnancy. The consequences are reduced to minor disturbances, pain in the abdomen and bed rest. Viruses do not penetrate through the placental barrier and can harm the baby. Dangerous a possible dehydration that naturally at a high temperature, vomiting and diarrhea. This is a highly undesirable condition. During dehydration the fetus suffers from hypoxia, the maternal body may decide on an extreme measure, that is, to provoke premature birth. However, proper treatment and compliance with all recommendations of the doctor will allow just 2-3 days to completely remove the symptoms. On the fifth recovery occurs.
Treatment of a pregnant woman
The main difficulty is that most of the drugs can harm the fetus, and therefore should not be used. Especially hard for the doctor to make an appointment, when in the first trimester can sometimes be a rotavirus. In pregnancy, the treatment should be as safe as possible. In the first 12 weeks taking drugs is strictly prohibited. The expectant mother is not recommended to take even herbal preparations without consulting with your doctor.
The second and third trimesters of pregnancy are different in that this time is the placental barrier. Therefore, the list of allowed drugs is much larger. The treatment scheme consists primarily of a drink designed to restore salt and water balance. This may be a "Regidron" or simply excessive drinking. You can drink fruit drinks and mineral water without gas, fruit drinks. Need to drink often and in small SIPS so as not to provoke vomiting.
Additionally appointed absorbent products, most often Drug. We recommend taking capsules "Linex" or solution "hilak Forte" to restore bowel function.
Any disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, especially during pregnancy, should wash their hands after using the bathroom, riding public transportation and staying in places with large concentrations of people. Don't forget to carefully handle fruits and vegetables with hot water. Consume boiled water and make regular wet cleaning of the premises.