The growth of children in 2 years
All kids grow very fast by leaps and bounds. It seemed that only yesterday you learned about your pregnancy, and today the baby is already striving to outgrow its parents. Probably, all mothers remember how they were tormented by some fears and doubts before the baby was born, but now, looking at their children, all doubts and fears disappear: all sleepless nights and spent nerves were not in vain.
Every house has a little corner where everything is marked with dashes when you measure your children. A new dash appears every month. All parents, without exception, are interested in how the baby grows, because this process is incredibly fast. Next you will see a table that tells you the correct height of your baby.
The growth of children in cm to 12 years
In this article, we take a detailed look at children aged 2, 2.5 and 3 years. For the beginning of the norm for children in this category: the height of children at 2 years is approximately 86 cm. This is an average value for girls and boys. The child’s height is 2.5 years old and should be about 91 cm, and in 3 he is about 96-97 cm.
How do our babies grow?
What makes a child grow? These are cartilaginous zones and growth hormone. It is necessary to carefully monitor the development of a child under 18 years of age. Why exactly to 18? Under the influence of sex hormones during puberty, the cartilaginous zones, which are responsible for the development of the child, ossify. If there are any abnormalities, it is necessary to consult a doctor, otherwise it will be difficult to cure it later. Probably, all parents noticed that the child does not grow the same at every stage of its development, there are certain jumps, the baby is especially actively growing and gaining weight in the first months of its life, during this period your child can grow by 25 centimeters. After this stage, the children grow slower, the growth of children in 2 years will increase by about 8-12 centimeters, and after two years it will slow down even more, in three it grows only by 10. Next, your baby will increase in height by 4 centimeters from 4 centimeters. At the age of about 4-5 years, there are the brightest leaps, but they are caused by the individuality of the organism.
Factors affecting the development and growth of the baby
There are a lot of factors that influence the development of your baby - it is sleep, food, and emotions. In order for your child to actively develop, he needs proper nutrition, compulsory physical exertion, healthy sleep, positive and good emotions, good health. A significant role in the development of the child is heredity.
As for proper nutrition, pay more attention to dairy products, fresh vegetables and fruits, as they contain protein and calcium, which are responsible for the proper development of your child. To avoid problems with the growth of the child, you need to feed the baby balanced.
Growth disorder in children
Growth disorder in children is directly related to hormonal disorders, genetics, heredity. There are two main problems in the violation of the growth of children - this is gigantism and dwarfism.
Let us examine such a problem as gigantism. Is the child growing very fast and very much higher than the growth rate? Then we are talking about gigantism, which is caused by the active production of growth hormone. Typically, such failures occur in adolescence, but there are cases when this problem is detected at the age of about five years. This disease is detected using hormone analysis and MRI.
Now we go to the other extreme - dwarfism. No matter how hard to guess, this is the opposite of gigantism. It can be revealed when the child is far below his peers, his development is in one place and is not going to move forward. This disease manifests itself early, the growth of children in 2 years can already be an indicator of its development. Therefore, be careful with the children at the age of 2-3 years. If a child’s growth after 2 years has slowed down a lot, and instead of 10 centimeters, and your baby only gains 2, then this is a good reason to see a doctor. The doctor will prescribe an MRI and analysis for hormones. Follow the development of your babies, provide proper and healthy nutrition, eat more fruits and vegetables, then you will ensure your child's active development.
Features of the development of a child in 2 years
As mentioned earlier, the growth of children at the age of 2 slows down a bit, do not panic about it. Perhaps it is the individual characteristics of his body. But if a child is 2 years old of small stature, namely below 80 centimeters, then it is necessary to consult a doctor. It may be dwarfism. The child during this period should be as active as possible, should be able to jump, run, step over obstacles. Children at this age are very capricious and emotional, trying to imitate everyone who is close to them. Begins to show his intelligence, for example, he catches fish with a fish, quickly picks up the initiative of the game. If there is a favorite doll and dishes next, the toy will be surely fed. The child’s vocabulary is not very large yet, but he can name and show almost all parts of the body, pronounces simple words and phrases. It can fulfill up to three assignments of the type: bring, put, give. Children at this age can sincerely experience and sympathize, they can regret, help. At the age of two years, the baby already controls his physiological needs, he can partially dress himself, knows where he is, can bring his own clothes and shoes.
Features of the development of a child in 2.5 years
A child at this age can already know exactly 2-3 colors, sorting objects in a geometric form. In addition, he shows his imagination, and as for role-playing games, the girl will imitate her mother, and the boy to her father, however, while in a single game. This is the age of why. The child begins to be interested in everything. Asks questions: where, what and why. Makes simple sentences of 3-4 words.
Features of the development of a child in 3 years
A child who is 3 years old will not be interested in the same games that they had when they were 2 years old. How tall should a baby be three years old? Both boys and girls are about the same height - 96-97 cm. For three years, the baby will be happy to jump in height, in length, walk on an inclined board, throw and catch the ball. Unlike younger children, children at the age of three can already play with their peers and share their toys. During this period, children like role-playing games, they consciously take a certain role, for example, “mom”, “dad” and the like. As for speech development, then complex sentences are put forward, with words that express the emotions and sensations of the children.