Family is a small unit of modern society. Values of this institution the right person, because without them the life becomes defective, poor. In order to correctly identify all of the many members of a large family, you need to understand is related.
We offer material that will help to understand who is a close relative and who is not. If you had all family ties was highly valued and studied, in modern society this knowledge is a bit lost. Will try to sort out.
Why you need to know the types of relationships?
In the recent times, families were large, and in one house could accommodate multiple generations and distant relatives. People of the same kind are always United by kinship. They always had similar values, concerns, and needs. Before such expression "like uncle, like three drops of water" meant that the nephew and uncle — the nearest relatives. Today family values are gradually fading into the background, and now most people know the relationship only to blood brothers and sisters without mentioning the cousins and second cousins.
How to classify?
It is accepted to subdivide all family ties into three main groups:
— a relationship by blood, i.e. relatives
— cousins — by marriage
Family ties: pages of history
Analyze complex picture not the trickiest different weaves family ties and refer to the dictionary.
Let's start with this idea as parents. Beneath them is commonly understood as a mother and a father. Dad (spoken in the style: dad, Papa, tyatka, dad, father, daddy, dad, Papa, POPs) – a man in relation to their own children. Mama (mother, Mama, mommy, mom, Mama, mother) is a woman in relation to the same kids.
Children – a term that refers to daughters and sons. Son (son, son, son, son, son) – it's a boy, youth, man in relation to his own parents. Daughter (daughter, daughter, daughter, daughter, daughter, daughter) – a girl, a girl, a woman relative of her mother and father.
Illegitimate children (bastards, illegitimate, fatherless, bezbolesnie, bastards) – those whose parents before their birth were not in marital relationships. Bastards in the middle ages in Western Europe were called bastard children of public persons, such as Duke, king. Recently this expression has acquired a vulgar and offensive value — the bastards. In the 19-20 centuries those children that were born before marriage, it was customary to call salatnymi. And born to members of the Royal (Royal) families and persons not of Royal descent called morganatic. These offspring had no right to presonalities, they did not recognize the existence of Royal blood.
Kinship in a generation
Kinship through the generations helps to deal with the fact when men and women will have a new status: the grandparents.
Grandfather (Gramps, grandfather, grandpa, dedus, grandpa) is a man in relation to the children of his daughter or son, father, mother, or father, husband of my grandmother.
Grandmother (Granny, grandma, grandmother, Gran, Granny) – women, children daughter or son, and his wife grandfather. Grandson (grandchild) is a boy, youth, man in relation to their own grandparents, moreover, the son of a niece or nephew. Granddaughter (or granddaughter) girl, girl, women, grandma or grandpa, it can be a daughter, niece or nephew.
And here relatives, a list of which is transferred through several generations. Great-grandfather (great-grandfather) think the man in relation to the children, a granddaughter or grandson is the father of my grandmother or grandfather.
Great-grandmother (great-grandmother) called the women, children, granddaughter or grandson, this Granny any parent (mom or dad).
The great grandson would be a boy, youth, man in relation to the great grandmother and great grandfather, is the son granddaughter or grandson. Granddaughter of consider the girl, the girl, the woman in relation to great-grandparents, a granddaughter of son or daughter.
Kinship through several generations
Considered the oldest ancestor of the predecessor of the present genus, moreover, any compatriot of all previous generations. Ancestor is the father of the great-great or great-great-grandfather, most any distant ancestor of your family. Praschurkoyu is mom's great-grandmother or great-grandfather, a distant ancestor.
Progenitor is a forefather, that is, the founder of the best — known representative of the genus, from him came the lineage. Ancestor (mother of the founder) called the first a legendary representative of the genus with which he started the genealogy.
The proband (propositum) think that the person recording pedigree. Descendant (offspring) call a man who comes from the ancestor by birth. Descendants are representatives of future generations. It is also interesting to note that there are such things in the genealogy as (PRA)kvocka, (PRA)cbaby, (PRA)kded, (PRA)kunuk, by which is meant the ancestors and descendants through to the 1st generation.
Blood relatives in Russian genealogy is considered the direct relationship only in the male line. The principle of "from father to son" is a top-down and perfectly illustrates the irrelevance in a period of time of status of belonging of men to the nobility, as it is not transmitted through the female (maternal) line. All descendants and ancestors through the female (maternal) side in direct relationship don't exist, that is, it becomes the last and the only direct descendant in his line. There is such a thing as a "flash in the pan kind", implying the absence in the family of sons. As examples of awareness of the direct relationship it is possible to consider the rules of succession.
What is an indirect blood relationship?
If brother and sister have the same father and mother, in this case, they are considered blooded, full-blood. Brother called the boy, young man, man in relation to other children if the parents are the same. I think the older boy in the family, having a maximum age in relation to other kids of the same mom and dad. The youngest is a boy, whose age is minimal compared to the others. The main condition – the same parents.
Prevencinis called brother that was born before the marriage, but his parents recognized their child. Sister is a girl, a girl, a woman in relation to other children (child) who were born to the same parents. The eldest was a girl (woman, female), whose age is more than other offspring. There is also a condition that all children were born by the same parents. Younger call girl (girl, woman) born in the family of the last. Provencano in the old days was called sister who was born before the marriage between the parents, before the official wedding, but they have not abandoned baby.
Immediate family is a Gemini. Who called so? They considered children of single mothers, which give birth to multiple babies in one pregnancy. There are identical twins who have the same gender, as well as the amazing resemblance. And there are fraternal, which may be of different sexes. In some cases, under the twins only understand identical (monozygotic) sisters or brothers, but think of fraternal triplets, fraternal twins, given their numbers.
The refer to sibs (siblings) – a term used to refer to brothers and sisters (relations between them) that come from single parents are not twins. Half-siblings — offspring who have one common parent (mom or dad). There is a half division into several groups:
— odnorodnye (consanguineous), that is, originating from different mothers but from the same dad
— one-uterine (uterine), that is derived from different dads and one mom.
There is a relationship between half-sisters and brothers. Below the summary mean those whose parents are legally married, not have children. Perhaps such a scenario tribal relations, that is, such kinds of relatives, as half-sister and brother, from the point of view of social and legal status, is considered nekrovnymi kinship. It is expected to rastsenivaya direct ancestral relationship between master as peculiar as long as their parents will not be born children, that is, their half-and half-relatives. Through the offspring they will all be vested, as the direct descendants of the summary, as well as their descendants uterine half-brothers and sisters will be, by definition, they are in a relationship with my parents (a generation later, and with directly by the sisters and brothers, and also between themselves.
We considered close family ties is just a small list of those complex stitches, which are determined by the genetic characteristics of each kind.
Analyze the relationship between cousins relatives. So if we look at children in families that have created a brother and sister, they will be against each other cousins. Cousin is a boy (young man) against children of your aunts or uncles, so called the son of aunt or uncle.
Before cousin's father, that is son of uncle, called strychacz, and my mother — ujcic. Cousin called the girl, the girl, woman against children, aunt or uncle, and the daughter of aunt or uncle. In ancient times it is affectionately called streetka.
Second cousins and chetyrehyarusny link
Try to figure out who is the relative in the second line. Children's cousins and brothers against each other like second cousins. The so-called grandchild sister or brother and also cousin, nephew, mom or dad, son, cousin, aunt or uncle. Second cousin once removed in genealogy granddaughter called sisters or brothers or grandparents, she is the daughter of great aunt or uncle.
Not everyone knows their family ties. Someone who falls in the fourth generation? Brother and sister shared parents, cousins with common grandparents, second cousins with a common great-grandmother and great-grandfather... you Can continue, but the essence of relations is obvious. With the fourth generation try to specify the full number of "tribes" that exist between relatives. Such a thing as a cousin (a cousin), in practice, has much greater meaning than the designation cousin or brother. During the middle Ages monarchical houses of Europe, in addition to modern naming in the lateral line, in the case of belonging to the same generation used the concept and to the side relatives of the past generations, if the age were roughly equal.
This fact is demonstrated in the historical novel by M. Druon's "Accursed kings", where "cousin" count Robert of Artois is called third sister, the English Queen Isabella. Also, this word is very often found in foreign films, even in our time in modern Russian society it survives, as more acceptable to the subconscious of people is just a sister (often the word "cousin" is simply omitted). However, both, therefore, to condemn those who ignore the word "cousin" is not necessary.
Table of related links shows the chain between generations, and as they call relatives in the neighboring generations? UY — so early was the name of the mother's brother. Stryj is my father's sister, and stry – his brother. Voina – sister mom. Currently these signs are not found, they are gone forever from the Russian language, which in ancient times was much richer. In the old days of the nephew on the brother, the son of his brother, called bratich. Maybe that's the over-saturation of words to refer their relatives and led to a significant simplification.
Today, some terms are clearly not for their intended purpose, as few in our day understands relationships, their old Russian names. Sestric – as in the old days was called nephew by the sister. And trotanoy was the name of the niece on the brother or the brother's daughter. Stryi small – it was in the past centuries have uncles, that is a boy (young man) against children of a cousin or brother.
What was the name of the children of blood relatives but also cousins, sisters and brothers parents? Deric — so called nephew on the aunt, and the daughters were called niece. Second cousin's aunt is the girl against children a second cousin, or second cousin, and second cousin of the mother or the father.
Parents (relatives through generations), such as siblings and grandparents, are old giant, before the so-called great-uncle (older brother). There is and old guy, that is great-uncle (younger brother). A great aunt is considered to be a great aunt, aunt mom or dad as well as sister of his grandfather. Grandniece called cousin or granddaughter brother or sister. Grandnephew is a cousin, a granddaughter or daughter, niece and granddaughter of the sister or brother. Want to know who is a close relative? Use the materials that we picked for you.
After marriage there is another line of relationship and new status: the spouse or spouse. The second is a man against a woman with whom he has concluded a valid marriage. The wife is a woman who married this man married. Father of her husband is called father-in-law, mother — in-law. The mother of the wife for the husband is the mother-in-law and father — in-law. The matchmaker is the father of the young against the parents of the young, and Vice versa, the father of the young parents young. SWAT is called the mother of each spouse in relation to the parents of the second member of the family unit. Brother-in-law (Schwager) is the brother of the spouse. Sister-in-law called his sister. Brother-in-law (Schwager) is the brother of the wife. Son brother-in-law will surechem. Sister-in-law is the sister of the wife. Primak is the son – in-law, which was passed in a kind of family mother-in-law or father-in-law, leading with them one common household. Son-in-law also called her husband, daughter. Daughter-in-law (sister-in-law) believe the parents of a son his wife. The wife of the brother is atrophy. Brother-in-law called the husband of the sister wives, that is, it will be men who are married to sisters. Britanijos called the cousin's wife.
Unrelated relations play in the life of any person an important role. Sweetheart call girl in love with a man. Boyfriend she (it's over, often she's not all around that are somehow trying to game, sometimes use this word as humiliation or bullying, though it is not) calls the man who has her attentions and cares. The groom is considered to be a young man who has intentions to marry the girl "runs", inviting cafe or another newfangled picture show, to get tickets for that it is very difficult. The bride is the girl, intending to marry her young man.
Planted – those persons who during the wedding act as parents of the bride or groom.
Roommate called the man who lives with a woman has with her close relations, are not registered officially.
Lover call a married man who has an intimate relationship with a woman is immoral from the point of view of the law. In principle, and in terms of morality such relationships are wrong. Mistress is the woman who has an intimate relationship with a married man which also is not entirely correct.
Agree, not so easy to sort out relations with close and distant relatives, especially if you delve into the intricacies of a few generations ago — in the distant and inaccessible to our direct view of the past. But then there was no Internet to communicate between family members, people could retain in his memory so many statuses today and hard to imagine. Even after reading this article, and you will have some knowledge about the near and distant relatives. To use it you every day will not, however, possible for a variety to contact loved ones in a somewhat different way, showing his love for knowledge traditions. Especially enjoyable if there is an appeal to the older generation as they know the tradition better and they will appreciate your efforts appreciated, giving a sweet and generous smile.