Cutting pain in the abdomen during pregnancy: causes
In the period of childbearing a woman becomes more sensitive and attentive to their health and well-being. However, this does not save many future moms from painful sensations. Almost half of all women in an interesting position, experiencing discomfort in the peritoneum. This article will tell you about why pulling pains occur during pregnancy. It is worth noting that such symptoms may appear at different times. In all cases, their causes will be distinctive. It is also worth saying about why a cutting pain occurs in the lower abdomen during pregnancy and what to do with it.
Causes of pain in the earliest terms of gestation
If you have an early pregnancy, lower abdominal pain may be caused by attachment of the ovum to the wall of the reproductive organ. Most often, women do not notice such a symptom or attribute it to the fact that menstruation will begin soon.
After fertilization, a set of cells begins to continuously divide and descend into the uterine muscle. Here the fertilized egg is embedded in the loose structure of the endometrium and can provoke pulling or stitching pains in this area. Also, some women have a so-called implant bleeding, which has insignificant volumes and ends in a few days.
Why does the stomach hurt in the first weeks of pregnancy?
Pulling or cutting pain in the abdomen during pregnancy may be completely normal. Immediately after conception, a cardinal hormonal alteration occurs. In large volumes, progesterone begins to be produced. It slightly slows down the contraction of smooth muscles and may lead to a delay in the chair.
Also, expectant mothers in the early stages occur flatulence and gas formation. This is due to a change in diet and taste preferences. All this leads to the appearance of cutting and stabbing pains in the intestinal area.
Unpleasant (pulling) sensations in the middle of the term
Abdominal pain during pregnancy may occur due to the rapid growth of the uterus. This occurs between the 20th and 30th week. The ligaments that hold the genital organ, stretch and can cause aching pain. Also, with a sharp movement, most pregnant women feel sharp pulling sensations.
It is worth noting that the growth of the uterus provokes the displacement of internal organs, in particular the intestine. Because of this, some women experience constipation and the formation of hemorrhoids.
Severe pain during pregnancy (late)
The appearance of discomfort at the end of pregnancy can speaks about childbirth. In this case, a woman may feel nagging pain in the lower back and lower part of the peritoneum. It is worth noting that such feelings are not permanent. They have a certain frequency. Doctors call this pain contractions.
If you experience such pain in the abdomen during pregnancy, you should immediately go to the maternity ward of the hospital. Most likely, you will be back home with your baby.
Cutting pain in the abdomen during pregnancy
This feeling occurs much less frequently than the pulling sensations. In most cases, cutting pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy indicates pathology. That is why it is so important to go to the hospital. Perhaps it will cost everything, but it is better to be safe. Severe pain during pregnancy may occur at any time. In this case, the cause of this symptom is always different. Consider the main pathology in which there is a rez in the peritoneum during pregnancy.
This pathology makes itself felt from the first days. In this case, the fertilized egg is not fixed in the uterus, but in another place. Most often occurs tubal pregnancy. With the growth of the embryo, an extension of the walls of the organ occurs. This causes unbearable pain to the woman.
In addition, spotting from the vagina, weakness and fever may occur. Treatment should be carried out immediately. Otherwise, the organ will rupture and internal bleeding will begin, which can be fatal.
Cutting pain often occurs when threatened with miscarriage. In this case, the causes of pathology can be absolutely anything: lack of hormones, overstrain, stress, illness, and so on. With timely assistance provided, there is a high probability that the pregnancy can be saved. To do this, you need to consult a doctor.
In addition to cutting pains, in this case, the woman may feel nagging sensations in the lumbar region, the cessation of toxicosis. Also often bloody discharge from the genitals.
In some cases, a spontaneous arrest of fetal development occurs. After some time, the woman begins to feel cutting pains in the abdomen. They say that the inflammatory process has begun. You should not hope that everything will go away independently. The treatment of this pathology is carried out only by surgery (curettage).
With missed abortion, the following symptoms are also noted: decreased breast engorgement, cessation of toxicosis, increased vaginal discharge. In later periods, the woman may feel a lack of activity of the fetus.
In the second and third trimester of pregnancy, another pathology may occur. It is always accompanied by severe cutting pains in the abdominal cavity. In addition, there is often severe bleeding. A woman feels weakness, a decrease in heart rate and a drop in blood pressure.
Treatment in this case can only be surgical. It should be noted that the earlier the intervention occurs, the more likely it is to save the life of the baby.
Pathologies that are not related to pregnancy
Abdominal cutting pains can cause various processes that are completely unrelated to pregnancy. These include the following:
- rupture of an ovarian cyst or twisting its legs;
- intestinal obstruction;
- violation of microflora and dysbacteriosis;
- adhesions due to surgery or inflammation;
- the progression of sexually transmitted diseases;
- poisoning or eating stale food;
- abuse of gas products;
- diseases of the liver and spleen (lack of enzymes);
- diseases of the urinary tract (bacteriuria, pyelonephritis).
Most of them do not carry any threat to the life of the baby with timely treatment.
Summing up and the conclusion of the article
Now you know the main causes of pulling and cutting pains during pregnancy. It is worth noting that the sensations can be sharp or aching. In the first case, you should visit your gynecologist as soon as possible or call an ambulance. Remember that pregnancy is a very crucial period. The health and development of your future baby will depend on what you are doing now. If you experience unpleasant and unusual sensations, contact the specialists and, if necessary, follow the recommendations for treatment. Easy pregnancy and painless birth of a healthy baby!