Cutting pain in the abdomen during pregnancy: causes
During the period of gestation, the woman becomes more sensitive and attentive to her health and well-being. However, this does not save many expectant mothers from painful sensations. Almost half of all women in an interesting situation experience discomfort in the peritoneum. This article will tell you why there are drawing pains in pregnancy. It is worth noting that such symptoms can appear on different terms. In all cases, their causes will be distinctive. Also worth mentioning is why there is a cutting pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy and what you need to do with it.
Causes of drawing pains at the earliest dates of gestation
If you have an early pregnancy, the pains in the lower abdomen can be caused by attaching the fetal egg to the wall of the genital organ. Most often, women do not notice such a symptom or carry it to the fact that menstruation will soon begin.
After fertilization, the set of cells begins to continuously divide and fall into the uterine muscle. Here the fetal egg is implanted into the loose structure of the endometrium and can provoke drawing or stitching pains in this area. Also, in some women, there is a so-called implantation bleeding, which has small volumes and ends in a few days.
Why does the abdomen hurt in the first weeks of pregnancy?
Drawing or cutting pain in the abdomen during pregnancy can be absolutely normal. Immediately after conception, cardinal hormonal changes take place. Progesterone begins to be produced in large amounts. It slightly inhibits contraction of smooth muscles and can lead to stool retention.
Also, expectant mothers in the early stages of meteorism and gas formation. This is due to a change in diet and taste preferences. All this leads to the appearance of cuts and stitching pains in the intestinal region.
Unpleasant (pulling) sensations in the middle of the term
Pain in the abdomen during pregnancy can occur due to rapid growth of the uterus. This occurs during the period from 20 to 30 weeks. The ligaments that hold the genital organ are stretched and can cause aching pain. Also, with a sharp movement, most pregnant women feel sharp pulling sensations.
It should be noted that the growth of the uterus provokes the displacement of internal organs, in particular the intestine. Some women because of this, face constipation and the formation of hemorrhoids.
Severe pain during pregnancy (late)
The appearance of discomfort at the end of pregnancy may indicate childbirth. At the same time, a woman can feel pain in the lower back and the lower part of the peritoneum. It is worth noting that such feelings are not permanent. They have a certain periodicity. Physicians call such pain contractions.
When there is such pain in the abdomen during pregnancy, you should immediately go to the maternity department of the hospital. Most likely, you will return home with the baby.
Cutting pain in the abdomen in pregnancy
This feeling occurs much less often than the pulling sensations. In most cases, the cutting pain in the lower abdomen during pregnancy indicates a pathology. That's why it's so important to go to the hospital. Maybe everything will work out, but it's better to be safe. Sharp pain during pregnancy can appear at any time. The cause of this symptom is always different. Consider the main pathologies, in which there is a thread in the peritoneum during pregnancy.
This pathology makes itself felt from the first days. In this case, the fetal egg is fixed not in the uterine cavity, but in another place. The most common is a tubal pregnancy. As the embryo grows, the walls of the organ grow. This causes unbearable pain to a woman.
In addition, there may be spotting discharge from the vagina, weakness and fever. Treatment should be carried out immediately. Otherwise, the organ will break and internal bleeding will begin, which can lead to death.
Threat of abortion
Cutting pain often occurs when there is a threat of miscarriage. In this case, the causes of pathology can be absolutely any: a lack of hormones, overstrain, stress, illness and so on. With timely care, there is a high probability that pregnancy can be saved. To do this, you need to see a doctor sooner.
In addition to cutting pain, in this case, a woman can feel the pulling sensation in the lumbar region, the cessation of toxemia. There are also frequent bleeding from the genitals.
In some cases, spontaneous arrest of fetal development occurs. After a while, the woman begins to feel cutting pains in the abdomen. They say that the inflammatory process has begun. Do not hope that everything will pass by yourself. Treatment of such a pathology is carried out only surgically (scraping).
When the pregnancy is stopped, the following symptoms are also noted: reduction of breast engorgement, cessation of toxicosis, intensification of vaginal discharge. At a later date, a woman may feel a lack of fetal activity.
Detachment of the placenta
In the second and third trimester of pregnancy, another pathology may occur. It is always accompanied by severe cutting pains in the abdominal cavity. In addition, there is often a heavy bleeding. The woman feels weakness, a decrease in the pulse and a drop in blood pressure.
Treatment in this case can only be surgical. It is worth noting that the earlier the intervention occurs, the greater the probability of saving the baby's life.
Pathologies that are not related to pregnancy
Cutting pains in the abdomen can cause various processes that are absolutely not related to pregnancy. They include the following:
- rupture of the ovarian cyst or torsion of its legs;
- formation of intestinal obstruction;
- violation of microflora and dysbiosis;
- adhesive process due to surgery or inflammation;
- progression of a sexually transmitted disease;
- poisoning or eating stale food;
- abuse of gas-producing products;
- liver and spleen diseases (lack of enzymes);
- diseases of the urinary tract (bacteriuria, pyelonephritis).
Most of them do not carry any threat to the life of the baby with timely treatment.
Summing up and concluding an article
Now you know the main causes of pulling and cutting pain during pregnancy. It should be noted that the sensations can be sharp or aching. In the first case, you should visit your gynecologist as soon as possible or call an ambulance. Remember that pregnancy is a very important period. From what you are doing now, the health and development of your future baby will depend. If there are unpleasant and unusual sensations, contact the specialists and, if necessary, follow the recommendations for treatment. Easy to you pregnancy and painless birth of a healthy baby!