Day regimen in the GEF preparatory group
The regime of the day in the pre-school establishment is made taking into account the correct time planning for the full development of children. It implies the availability of curriculum, work and rest for children. The general schedule can be divided into certain intervals in which the basic regime parts of the day are performed. Such parts in preschool institutions are called "regime moments".
Formation of regime moments
The regime of the day in the preparatory group for GEF shapes the regime moments in the DOW in accordance with the educational development program. Proper organization of the routine leads to the child's successful development both in the mental and in the educational plan. The moments of the regime develop perseverance and attention in children, due to the fact that they are an important part of the pedagogical process as a whole.
Conversations, classes and various games in the preparatory group develop cognitive activity in children, the discussions make the child responsive and active, help prove their point of view without feeling embarrassed.
Regime moments associated with workloads, form in children the ability to work and self-service. They show how to properly carry out hygiene procedures, dress, help an adult, respect his work.
The formation of regime moments during the day is created in a friendly atmosphere of cooperation, taking into account the individual approach to each child.
Meeting children and morning routine moments
Children are admitted to the garden on a group site or indoors during the cold season. At this time, the task of the educator is to provide a positive charge to the child for the whole day with the help of the game or to interest him in carrying out certain actions in the work plan. Together with the children, preparation for classes, dusting of toys, independent activity, reading of literature or other activities planned by the tutor for this day are conducted.
The regime of the day in the preparatory group for GEF for the morning hours, from 7.00 to 10.30, provides the children with mental loads for the full acceptance of the material in the class.
The morning mode moments also include mandatory morning exercises, which starts at 8.00. Gymnastics in the preparatory group is held for at least 20 minutes and activates the entire muscular system of the child, which positively affects the overall well-being. In addition to charging, the teacher can conduct a corrective or acupressure massage, show the children the dignity of motor activity.
In a kindergarten with a 12-hour working day, children eat three times. For breakfast, lunch, dinner, the time is given in view of the age category, on average, preschoolers eat 15-20 minutes in the senior groups and up to 30 minutes in the nursery group.
Before each meal, children perform hygienic procedures with obligatory washing. At the same time, the educator conducts conversations about the rational use of water and the rules of behavior in the washroom.
The regime of the day in the preparatory group for GEF provides for the development of rules of etiquette by preschoolers. Therefore, duty on the dining room is appointed, which help the nurse to carry out the table setting in accordance with the requirements, and after eating - to remove the dishes in the sink. Preparation for dinner is also carried out with the help of children, such activities fix the rules for serving the table, accustom them to order. Breakfast in the Dow usually takes place at 8.30, lunch at 12.30 and dinner at 17.30. This time can vary according to the age group of the children.
For breakfast, lunch, dinner, the meal time may vary depending on the nature of the child, if the baby can not cope on his own, then it is mandatory to feed a nanny or caregiver. Also, the personnel of the pre-school establishments follow the posture, the correct arrangement of the cutlery and the accurate food intake.
After the morning meal in the preparatory group begins a block of educational activities. They are held from 9.00 to 10.30 on the scheduling calendar of the caregiver and contain all the necessary information for the child's mental work.
With senior preschoolers in the first half of the day, 3 lessons of 20 minutes are played with breaks of up to 15 minutes. At this time, the children of the preparatory group comprehend the basics of logical thinking, mathematics, literature, drawing, modeling, applique.
In preparation for the holidays or matinees, memorization of poems or rehearsal of certain parts of the future event is carried out. With children, they hold conversations, talk about the traditions of the holiday, its attributes, which allows preschoolers to correctly set the guidelines during the actual event.
Preparing for outdoor walks
All the regime moments in the pre-school establishments undergo preliminary training. From 10.30 to 10.45, before the walk, the guys put order in the group after the educational block. Removed toys, materials and benefits in their places, after the graphic activities are wiped out tables. Then the children go to the locker room and put on clothes for walking outdoors. In this case, the teacher indicates the correct order of dressing and draws the attention of preschool children to the appointment of a wardrobe object. Before going out, children are taught to pay attention to the overall appearance and in case of improper dressing indicate errors. The teacher or nanny corrects and fastens the clothes if the child is experiencing difficulties.
Walk and its organization
Walking in the preparatory group has a duration of 4 hours in the cold season and 5 hours in the summer. Children walk 2 times a day: before lunch, until 12.30, and after a quiet hour passes, from 17.30 until leaving home. The daily routine in the GEF preparatory group and educational programs recommend spending time in the fresh air at a temperature of -15 and a wind speed of up to 15 m / s, if these data are exceeded, the children remain in the group.
During walks, the teacher does not cease to engage in educational activities and divides the time spent in the fresh air on such parts:
- Observations of others.
- Games rolling plan.
- Work on a group site.
- Work with children to develop physical abilities.
Also, walks in the preparatory group mean independent playing activity and motor activity, during such moments children choose independent types of play.
Day rest and preparation for bed
A quiet hour begins in the preschool after lunch. Usually this time is from 13.00 to 15.00. It is preceded by a calm relaxing activity. All motor activity stops 30-40 minutes before going to the bedroom. During this time the nervous system of the child is restored, which gives a calm sleep and a general rest to the body.
Before going to bed, the bedroom is ventilated until the temperature drops by 3-4 degrees. Preparation for sleep is accompanied by calm conversations, reading fairy tales, listening to relaxing music. The tutor monitors the convenience of placing the child on the bed, corrects the blanket if necessary, and performs individual stroking of the children. During sleep, the nanny or caregiver is permanently in the bedroom to avoid accidents.
Activities after a quiet hour
After a gradual ascent at 15.00, children undergo tempering procedures, awakening gymnastics, dress themselves independently and put in order hairstyles. After mid-afternoon snack, which starts at 3:30 pm, children play games with a tutor or engage in independent activities.
This time is suitable for individual work with children who are not keeping pace with the program or are lagging due to missing one or another class.
After a quiet hour, the tutor conducts reading and analysis of literary works, theatricalization, watching animated films or educational programs.
The second half of the day, from 15.40 to 17.00, in the preschool is aimed at consolidating the material studied in the morning, or the repetition of previously acquired knowledge. Individual work with children is aimed at improving speech, creative and motor activity.
The music director, speech therapist or educator conducts individual work according to planning or seeing the general failure of the child. The preparatory group in the DOW, more precisely the children who attend it, is taking classes with a psychologist who carries out a correction of the mental abilities of each child.
Evening walk and leaving children home
In the evening, after carrying out all the necessary regime moments, the children go to the second walk, as a rule, this time is at 17.30, and they meet their parents. The main task of the educator is to inform adults about how their child's day went, about his successes or shortcomings. Children's works performed in the first half are shown, consultations are given on the parents' questions concerning the general behavior of the preschooler, or advice on how to correct the mental ability in the event the child does not understand the received material.
Separately, attention is drawn to the observance of good-order rules. The child before leaving home says goodbye to the tutor and the children staying on the site. The educator forms a positive attitude to the preschool institution and sets up the child for the next visit.
In case of bad weather, the children spend their work in a group room. At this time, caring for plants or a living area, washing toys after a working day, general putting things in order.