Child development: characteristics of adolescence
Adolescence is a period when sexual function and physical characteristics of the child beginning to grow, getting more and more finished appearance. This process occurs due to hormonal changes in the body. Youth or young age is called the period of time between puberty and adulthood.
Features of adolescence and youth
The exact time when the child enters the process of puberty depends on several factors such as genetics, gender, and diet. During this period, the endocrine glands actively produce hormones that lead to the peculiarities of adolescence: a characteristic physiological changes and the development of secondary sexual characteristics. In the ovaries in girls, increases the production of estrogen and other female hormones and boys have increased testosterone production. Endocrine glands produce substances that cause sweating, the appearance of characteristic odors, acne, pubic hair and hair in the armpits – these are all features of development during adolescence. At this time the child may require the use of deodorant and other personal care products.
Breast development is the main sign that a girl has entered puberty. The first menstrual cycle (menarche) typically begins within the next two years. Prior to the physiological characteristics of adolescence, the girl will be characterized by:
- the rapid growth
- a noticeable increase in the hip
- the appearance of clear or whitish vaginal discharge
- the growth of hair in armpits, legs and pubis.
The periodicity of the menstrual cycle
Menstruation occurs about once a month, rather, at a time interval equal to from 28 to 32 days. First, however, it can be irregular: probably between cycles will be 2 months or 2 weeks. Soon, their expression will become more systematic. Follow the periodicity of the menstrual cycle, to be able to detect significant deviations, if they are to take place.
Physiology of the menstrual cycle
After the onset of menstruation the ovaries begin to get rid of the eggs that are there from birth, girls. Every month there is an allocation of the female germ cell, which moves through the fallopian tube connecting with the womb. When a cell reaches the end of the path, the walls of the uterus fill with blood and fluid. Thus, when a fertilized cell can grow and develop in suitable conditions. If the germ cell does not meet a sperm, it dissolves. Compacted layer separates from the uterus and forms the menstrual blood, which is eliminated from the body through the vagina. Vaginal discharge between periods is normal.
Puberty and emotional life
During or immediately before the beginning of the cycle the girl may not be in the spirit and demonstrate a propensity for mood swings, may cause some swelling. The development of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is particularly likely as they grow older. These processes also affect the psychological characteristics of adolescence in girls. Usually puberty ends at the age of 17. Despite the fact that by this time a person reaches physical maturity, emotional and psychological development continues.