Development of children after a year (up to three years)
A period covering the development of children after a year (up to three years), psychologists called early childhood. Despite the fact that the baby is growing further, the speed of this process is reduced. So, for example, during the second year of life a child can grow by ten centimeters, and for the third year - only eight. This time interval is divided into three sub-stages. Knowledge of the development features on each will help to form the correct educational tactics.
From year to year and a half
Around a year, babies begin to walk. Now they are becoming more independent, it allows them to explore the surrounding space. All the items that are around, the child needs to touch, consider. Parents should help him to master the space, keeping this process under his watchful control. So, for example, if the kid wants to climb into the closet - do not prohibit, but climb there with him. But if he had a desire to play with a cigarette lighter, it would be much better that she did not catch his eye. The development of children after a year also involves studying the "wisdom" of walking. Do not panic and worry if the baby often falls: his bones are so flexible and light that they practically do not threaten fractures. Even during fallsimproves the musculoskeletal system. Some psychologists believe that the more a baby falls, the faster it will master the science of walking, the more dynamic the development of children will be after a year. Gradually comes the understanding that the door can pinch your fingers, and the corner of the cabinet is very painful to hit. The development of children after a year leads to the emergence of more and more new words. A crumb still can not utter a phrase, but parents already understand what he wants to say.
Period from one and half to two years
During this period, the skills acquired earlier are improved. The more new objects come to the eye of a kid, the faster he will learn the surrounding space. During this period, the child himself can be controlled by a spoon. If he does not do it himself, then it is worthwhile to step up in this direction. Harmonious development of the child will be if he is surrounded by a minimum of prohibitions. If he grabs a spoon, let him study it, make the first attempt to apply it to its intended purpose. Of course, the first attempts will not be entirely successful, but you should not scold the baby. Be patient. However, do not allow him to play while eating. At this time, you can wait for the first phrases.
At this stage, the kid is already running. And, while looking around. Therefore, in order to avoid unnecessary traumatism, free some territory, so that the baby could splash out the accumulated energy. In addition, the time of never-ending questions begins. It is necessary to try to answer all the situations of interest to the maximum. Do not forget that the baby still gets most of the skills through imitation. If parents clean - give him a rag, let him help. He is already clever in order to understand the necessity of labor. And you can feed the doll with him. Raising up to 3 years old is a painstaking process, as parents will need to learn how to respond to children's hysterics correctly (they even happen to have quiet babies). You also need to help your child feel like a full member of society.