Development of children: how to teach a child to read in 4 years
Child psychologists agreed that the education of preschool children should begin within the walls of the house, and parents should do it. Of course, the next question becomes open: when to begin to teach the child to read and write? In this case, experts disagree. Some argue that with the child should be engaged in reading already from one and a half years. But the majority view is as follows: the optimal age is 4 years, when the child already knows how to speak well. It is this practice that is most common. And it begins with the preliminary preparation of the baby.
How to teach a child to read in 4 years: recommendations before classes start
At preschool age, children perceive information through images and analogies. That is, in all that the child does, the imagination is involved. Therefore, although the child is already consciously making any decisions at such a young age, the following should be adhered to in the question of how to teach a child to read at 4 years: the training must take place in an active form, with colorful images and periodic games. Moreover, raising a child requires maintaining and receiving positive / positive emotions. The same applies to reading: in no case can not force a baby, it needs to be interested.
There are several ways to study the alphabet: by studying the alphabet or in the process of playing games and entertainment. In both cases, visual, auditory and intellectual memory are used during the training. This should be taken into account if your family has finally faced the question of how to teach a child to read at 4 years.
The alphabet primitive must contain colorful pictures with image-symbols. There are manuals for the practice of the material mastered in parallel with the reading of the primer, in which the children are asked to write the studied letter, to choose the correspondence "letter-word". Moreover, there are special letters based on the gender role of the child: benefits for boys or for girls (author O. Zhukov). These books allow not only to assimilate the material, but also to educate in children the notion of a social role.
Demonstration is a very important moment for the child's acquisition of information. So, by studying the alphabet and syllables in the form of a game, you can hide pictures with images of letters and their definition in the room; arrange a game of "pantomime" with the task of assuming the position of the body in the form of a given letter.
During the games and learning the alphabet, you need to emphasize the demonstration and pronunciation of the letters studied aloud. To speed up the process of memorizing the studied material, psychologists advise calling letters with sounds. That is, "be" - "b", "ve" - "in", "ze" - "z" and so on. Thus, the child will not need to rebuild from sounds to letters, to look for complex solutions. This practice should be followed within the first two months after you have started the studies.
It is enough to practice every day for 10-15 minutes to teach the baby to read. The main thing to remember: in questions about how to teach a child to read in 4 years, you need to show patience.