The size of the child's foot by months in centimeters: table
Many parents after the birth of children keep a diary of physical development. In the first year of life this is especially important. The volume of the head, chest, weight and body length are very important indicators. But even such a criterion as the size of the foot plays an important role in assessing the growth of the baby. To make it more convenient to follow the formation of the foot, standards were developed, which specifies the size of the child's foot by months.
Why you need to measure the baby's foot
Experts believe that the feet are concentrated points responsible for every organ in the human body. Therefore, his future health depends on the correct development of the child's foot. It's not for nothing that orthopedists never tire of telling young parents that many problems with small and large joints arise from oversight or incorrectly picked up shoes.
But in addition to shoes on the development of the feet affect the genes of parents. If you notice the developing deviation in time, many diseases can be prevented. Of course, not all genetic diseases can be cured, but the sooner they are discovered, the more likely it is to minimize the negative consequences.
Special tables have been developed to help specialists and parents, indicating the size of the child's foot by months in centimeters.
Features of child's legs development
In newborns, the feet get ready for straight walking for almost a year. At first they have many cartilaginous tissues. By the year when the baby starts to make his first steps, his feet get an additional stimulus for development, as constant exercises in walking stimulate the nerve endings.
The size of the child's legs by months can be found from the average indicators that can tolerate several centimeters of error. Therefore, it is not worth worrying that the child does not fit into his age category. Maybe this is his feature.
In the first few years of life, the baby's foot has a flexible, supple structure. All joints and muscles are in the formation stage. Therefore, until the age of twelve, it is worthwhile to pay attention to the development of foot and gait. After this age, the foot, although still growing, is more like an adult.
To control and check the formation of the feet, parents are advised to monitor the size of the foot. To be more convenient to monitor growth, in the early years should be consulted with recommendations, which indicates the size of the child's legs by months. The table is made in centimeters. The first year is painted on a monthly basis, then in the table the gradation goes by years.
It is best to take as a basis a table designed for children without gender. This approach will be more correct, since not all girls have a miniature leg, and boys are larger. There are always exceptions.
According to the results of the observations, it was found that a baby's foot in the first few years can grow by 4-6 centimeters, that is, the increment is 2-3 centimeters per year. From the age of three, the leg grows by 1-1.5 cm. And in subsequent years it will lengthen by an average of 1 cm per year.
The size of the child's legs can be written down in a crumbs diary by months. In many ways, it depends on nutrition, physical activity, genetic predisposition.
What to look for
When the baby's leg begins to grow actively, the first difficulty appears - the choice of shoes. To correctly choose shoes for a baby for up to a year, you need to compare the inscriptions on their soles and legs by age. For example, the size of a child's foot 6 months should be about 10.5 centimeters. Making a purchase and considering possible difficulties with fitting, you can turn to the existing standards for help.
If you know the size of a child's leg of 8 months, which also begins to try to walk, it is better to look for footwear of manufacturers adhering to the generally accepted standards. This will, thanks to the matching tables, pick up suitable shoes without attracting the baby.
How to measure a child's foot
In order to correctly measure the feet of the baby, you must have a soft tape with the markings in centimeters at hand. If the child is still very small, then it should be measured from the protruding finger to the base of the heel. When he can stand and walk, it is better to measure the foot on the floor.
To the sheet of paper should be put the baby's leg and traced it with a pen or felt-tip pen. Then measure with a ruler the distance from the heel to the thumb and find a similar indicator in the table, where the size of the child's foot is indicated by months.
It is better to measure the foot in the evening: at the end of the day the legs are poured and become slightly larger. Therefore it is better to do in the evening. In addition, all people have one foot slightly longer than the other. This feature is also observed in the child. To make the data more accurate, you need to make the necessary measurements of both legs.
What measures are necessary when choosing shoes
When calculating the size of the foot, a simple formula is used: the measured length of the foot in centimeters + the margin of a small displacement of the leg during the movement + the stock for the outgrowth. Usually between the adjacent shoes sizes the difference is only 0.5-1 cm.
To measure a leg is necessary only standing, in this position the foot acquires a natural position: it is straightened and has all the points of support.
There is such a characteristic as completeness or lifting of shoes. Children's footwear is usually produced without taking this parameter into account, it is unified. Velcro, laces, elastic inserts allow you to adjust the rise of boots, sneakers for more reliable fixing.
The size of the child's leg, of course, can not be programmed. But to observe the growth of the foot and the proper development of the legs is quite realistic. The norms established by specialists are not a task for execution. But the development of the child within their limits will help to ensure that the baby grows without deviations.
Some pathologies can be indicators of various serious diseases. If you pay attention to developing the foot in time, you can prevent many serious problems. Genetic abnormalities can not be remedied, but it is quite possible to control their modern medicine.