Inoculations of cats: what to do and when
In principle, vaccinations of cats perform the same function as for humans, that is, protect the body from various diseases. At the beginning of the conversation, it should be noted that the vaccination of the animal is always associated with some risk. Currently, there is no consensus on how often vaccinations should be made and the effectiveness of certain types of vaccine. However, most veterinarians unanimously assert that using the drug for preventive purposes will increase the life span of your small friend and improve its quality.
Who needs vaccination?
Some owners consider vaccination of cats as something completely useless. They motivate this by the fact that their pet practically does not leave the apartment and does not come into contact with other animals. This position is not entirely true. Of course, if your animal can freely go out and come back, or you are going to take it to summer for a summer cottage, you should think about vaccinations in the first place. However, pampered domesticated seals also need timely vaccination. In general, taking a decision, you need to consider factors such as the habitat of the animal and its lifestyle.
All vaccinations of cats can be divided into two categories: basic and additional. The first group includes four injections: against panleukopenia (in the common people - cat dice), calciviroza, feline herpes virus and rabies.
When should I vaccinate a cat? Veterinarians answer this question as follows: the first three are needed for kittens aged 8-10 weeks. Repeat vaccination should be three times: at 12-14 weeks and after a year. Then the booster is repeated every three years. The optimal time for an injection against rabies is 3 months; revaccination - every 1-3 years (this depends on what type of vaccine was used).
Cats vaccinated in the supplementary group include vaccines against:
- cat's chlamydia: an injection is made if the cat lives among the infected individuals;
- feline immunodeficiency virus: a cat can catch it if it is bitten by a sick animal. If your four-legged friend freely moves to and from the will, you need to ask the veterinarian for this vaccination;
- feline leukemia virus: vaccination in this case also makes sense if the cat has access to the street. Domestic kittens older than 4 months do not need vaccination.
What vaccinations are needed for cats, we figured out. Let's talk now about possible side effects of vaccination. They can range from small stimulations in the area of injection to anaphylactic shock and the appearance of tumors. Of course, such cases do not occur very often, but, nevertheless, such a probability exists. Therefore, it is necessary to decide on additional vaccinations only when they are really needed. Do not be reinsured: you can cause your pet much more damage. It is strictly forbidden to give injections to pregnant individuals - this is fraught with miscarriage. In general, it is better to make a decision about this or that vaccination only after you have consulted in detail with the veterinarian.