Example of individual educational route of a preschooler at the GEF
Example of individual educational route of a preschooler (IOM) is an obligatory element of the performance of each modern teacher.
The essence of the IOM preschooler
The GEF defines a new approach to preschool education. One of the basic requirements it is the effective use of educational resources to achieve maximum results in the education and development of future students. Given that the program is aimed at the average learner, it is possible that the weaker may not be well her to learn, and the most able to lose the motivation to learn.
That is why an individual approach to all children, taking into account all of their features provides IOM preschooler. It refers to an educational program that focuses on teaching the individual child and acknowledges all his personal qualities.
The purpose and direction of the IOM
Individual educational route of a preschooler on the GEF, an example of which is found today in all educational institutions aimed at solving specific problems. The purpose of the development and implementation of the curriculum of the educational route is the formation in the kindergarten of factors that will be aimed at positive socialization and socio-personal development of the pupils. The latter includes the main processes of intellectual, emotional, physical, aesthetic, and other types of development.
The main task, which solves individual educational route of a preschooler — the development of knowledge, an example of which is demonstrated in the open classes. Areas of work educational route is as follows:
— formation movement, which includes improving the skills of
— ability classes in different fields of activity
— improving language skills
— the development of ideas about the world of objects and social relations
— the development of ideas about time, space.
At the same time, implementation of individual route involves regular monitoring to track the extent of development of the educational program of each graduate preschool.
The structure of the IOM
In the process of introduction to the educational system of the new standards, all educators were required to take courses for professional development. On them they were shown an example of individual educational route of a preschooler, a sample of which was discussed in detail. However, this type of monitoring a child's development is important not only for educators but also for parents who are often unaware of the purpose of this pedagogical tool.
In the structure of the educational itinerary must include such components as:
— trust, which involves setting specific goals that meet the new standards
— content — the systematization and grouping of subjects
technology, lead to the use of certain pedagogical technologies, methods and techniques
diagnostic that defines a set of diagnostic tools
— organizational — pedagogical, defining the conditions and ways to achieve your goals
results containing the outcomes of child development at the time of transition to school.
The necessary preliminary action before drawing up of an educational route
Since the main goal of the educational route is the identification of difficulties in learning and social development of each child, careful study of his features.
Example of individual educational route of a preschooler involves preliminary research work before recording the results of the child and is required to include the following:
1. The drafting characteristics of the child. This document must show the vicinity of the pupil of the other preschools and the break between their shifts. It should also be noted the speed and level of adaptation to the group.
2. To identify key challenges the child should make a thorough examination of his family, followed by preparation of its characteristics. In this case you should pay attention to the relationship between the child and parents, because overprotection can cause suppression of the pupil.
3. Next you need to study the physical characteristics of the child such as gait, posture, facial expressions, and specify a group of health. It should be noted here health, as well as characteristics of sleep and appetite.
4. Determination of the degree of development of attention, memory, thinking, and speech development is required to further monitor his progress
5. It is also necessary to identify the tendency of the child to specific activities to help in the development of the games.
The design of the educational program
Example of individual educational route of a preschooler proves the extent of the need for careful study of all spheres of life of each child. After reviewing all the necessary data, the teacher begins drawing up individual route, which includes the following sections:
— General information about the preschool
— features of appearance of a preschooler
— cognitive sphere of the preschooler
— the level of knowledge for sections of the program
— level of speech development
— attitude to studies
— the presence of difficulties in communicating
— for more information about the preschooler.
This deep analysis allows you to build individual work with a child quite effectively.
Inclusive education and IOM for preschooler with disabilities
The introduction of inclusive education involves removing barriers between children of all groups of health through collaborative learning.
It is based on the equal treatment of every child, but the creation of special conditions for children with health problems for a comfortable stay in an educational institution. The system of inclusive education includes all categories of educational institutions: primary, secondary, vocational and higher. Given that kindergartens also practice this training, an example of individual educational route of a preschooler with disabilities justifies its relevance.
When planning, the teacher must bring to the attention of parents the following information:
— the limits of the load
— the presence in the establishment of additional correctional and educational programs
— the content of the essence of psycho-pedagogical correction
— the possibility of making corrections to a valid educational route.
IOM preschooler with special needs was based on the diagnostic data and the recommendations of the psychological-medical-pedagogical consultation. It is based on maintaining the strengths of preschooler with a sufficient degree of compensation of defects in development.
It is important to note that when designing a route for a particular child possible changes in the number of classes and their forms.
Example of individual educational route of a gifted preschooler
Every kid is born with certain abilities that need to improve. And given that preschool is the first social institution a child, he is the main role in this development.
Category of gifted children requires differential training, which involves a personal approach to each of them.
This need stems from the fact that if you teach a gifted program, he will quickly lose interest in learning, and hence motivation. To avoid this phenomenon, each educator needs to identify the group of gifted children and create an educational route, taking into account all their features.
To create effective educational route, it is important to take into consideration:
— features, needs and interests of the child and the wishes of his parents
— ability to meet the needs of the gifted child
— available resources to achieve results.
In developing such a route requires the participation of parents, which should continue at home methods used in kindergarten.
Example of individual educational route of a preschooler with ONR
The creation of IOM for preschooler with speech disorders, should take place in conjunction with the speech therapist and the child's parents. It should be aimed at creating conditions that will help to overcome speech barriers.
It should be a psychological survey, which will identify the interests and aptitude of the child. This study will help to improve the work efficiency. Directions, which shall contain the educational route is:
— health and Wellness work
— training and social adaptation
Individual educational route.
A clear indicator of the importance of a creative approach to pedagogic activities, will be an example of the individual educational program for EVERY preschooler. As this subject presupposes the existence of creative abilities of the child, you need to forward it to their development. It can be as drawing and making various things with their hands. The main thing is to identify what shows an aptitude and ability of each individual child. Creation of conditions for development will give everyone a gifted preschooler the opportunity to discover hidden talents in him. Demonstration of creative achievements is an important stage of the work, as a creative child needs public recognition of their abilities.
Sample individual educational program for EVERY preschooler
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