A wonderful companion and excellent hunter: a long-haired Dachshund
Russian classic Anton Chekhov about dachshunds said: "Clutches curves, long body, but the mind is extraordinary." Smart and cunning, independent and brave, these dogs, once used as a hunting, often act as companions for residents. Long-haired Dachshund, graceful and dignified dog with a beautiful thick hair, loved by many dog breeders. About the types and characteristics of long-haired representatives of this popular breed, peculiarities of their maintenance and care will be discussed in this article.
The history of
According to many experts, the typical Dachshund is a German breed that was developed for highly specialized activities, namely for search and pursuit of game in the burrows. Club German kennel — Dachshund — was created in 1888, and since then, the standards of this breed are set there. Initially, long-haired Dachshund was bred to work in harsh conditions of the North. The first mention of this breed with long hair found in 1820. They were obtained by crossing smooth-haired dachshunds, spaniels and certain types of cops. The first officially recognized representative of the breed is long-haired bitch SNiP breeder von Bunau, received in 1882, the prize in Hanover and served as a model for the development of standard longhaired dachshunds.
Dogs of this breed became very popular in Europe in the thirties of the XX century. Long-haired Dachshund in the West continued to be popular until the second half of 70-ies of the last century.
Taxes in Russia
This breed has been known in Russia since the XVIII century, but the popular did not. Smooth-haired and wire-haired Dachshund was kept in most cases as a decorative companion dogs and Pets of the family. Dogs of this breed with long hair appeared in the Soviet Union immediately after the Second world war, they were exported from Europe. Dachshund longhair, photos of which are presented in the article is not widely used as a hunting dog, but as a decorative breed it became popular.
Today, among the modern tax, it is customary to distinguish the following varieties: smooth-haired, wire-haired and long-haired dog standard or dwarf size. Animals differ only in the type of wool and size. Among experts there is an opinion that the Dachshund rabbit long-haired or dwarf were obtained by crossing Pinschers and Terriers with the miniature representatives of the taks.
Features longhaired dachshunds
For dogs, this breed is characterized by a rather late formation of the final color and length of hair, usually on the 2-4 year life. Puppies Dachshund long-haired born with fuzz on the body, which is a little similar to wool. In the future, after several molts, changing first down at the teenage coat, and only the second year of life formed adult "coat" tight to the dog's body and protects from moisture, cold and wind.
Long-haired Dachshund is black and tan, red and coffee color. Red color presented is quite rich: it can be Auburn, light red, cherry-brown colors, but always rich and vivid.
Later there's a breed of Dachshund as a rabbit or a dwarf. It was received as a result of breeding selection and was intended for hunting in burrows for rabbits. Today, few dog owners use these dogs as hunting, most of the plant such taxes as domestic ornamental Pets and companions. It differs from all other representatives of their breed miniature size: height at the shoulder varies from 10 to 15 cm and a weight of about three kg, and her character is more calm. These dogs love to socialize and happy to find common language with all members of the family. In the same way as the Dachshund of standard size, miniature can be of three types: short, rigid and rough. These active dog can quite easily do without walking in the street, as easily accustomed to the tray. Dachshund long haired miniature can have almost any color, a monochromatic or in multiple colors.
How to care for long-haired dachshunds?
Special care requires a coat any long haired dog, and dachshunds are no exception. Experts recommend weekly to comb hair with a pet of this breed with special brushes and two times a year to wash the dog with special shampoos. It should be noted that taxes are quite clean and do not need frequent washing. Feet fees with any hair also need care. First of all, the dog returned from a walk, wipe with a damp cloth pads, removing dirt, dust, and in the winter time and chemical reagents. Very important from early puppyhood to accustom the pet to nail clipping and vystraivanii fur between the pads. In that case, if you have never done these procedures, please seek the help of professionals: veterinarians, breeders or more experienced owners. As a rule, quite a few lessons to the novice breeder was able to do it.
Dogs of this breed is characterized by a lively, active character. Dachshund longhair, photo which is presented below, would be happy to walk and play with children.Long walks on rough terrain and swimming help to strengthen a pretty weak back muscles and legs. From an early age you need to train your Dachshund puppy to walk in a collar and leash stretched, which contributes to the formation of correct posture as well as developing an obedient character and habits of discipline.