A fine companion and an excellent hunter: longhaired dachshund
Russian classic A.P. Chekhov said the following about the dachshund: "The paws are curves, the bodies are long, but the mind is extraordinary." Intelligent and cunning, independent and brave, these dogs, formerly used as hunting, today increasingly act as companions for urban residents. Long-haired dachshund, elegant and full of dignity, a dog with a dense beautiful coat, fell in love with many dog breeders. About the types and characteristics of long-haired representatives of this popular breed, the specifics of their content and care, we will tell in this article.
History of occurrence
According to many experts, the dachshund is a typical German breed, bred for highly specialized activities, namely for the search and pursuit of game in burrows. The club of German dog breeders - dachshund lovers - was established in 1888, and since then the standards of this breed are set there. Initially, the long-haired dachshund was withdrawn for work in the harsh conditions of the north.The first mention of dogs of this breed with long hair is found in 1820. They were obtained as a result of the crossing of smooth-haired dachshunds, spaniels and some types of cops. The first officially recognized representative of the breed is the long-haired bitch Shnipp, breeder von Bühnau, who received the prize in Hanover in 1882 and served as a model for the development of the standard of long-haired dachshunds.
Dogs of this breed became very popular in Europe in the thirties of the XX century. The long-haired dachshund in the West continued to be popular until the second half of the 70s of the last century.
Taxes in Russia
This breed was known in Russia since the XVIII century, but it did not become popular. Smooth-haired and haired dachshunds were kept in most cases as decorative dog companions and pets of the family. Dogs of this breed with long hair appeared in the Soviet Union immediately after the Second World War, they were all exported from Europe. The long-haired dachshund, the photo of which is presented in the article, was not widely used as a hunting dog, but as a decorative breed it became popular.
Today among modern dachshunds it is customary to distinguish the following varieties: smooth-haired, long-haired and long-haired dogs of standard or dwarf size. Animals differ only in the type of wool and in size. Among experts, it is believed that the long-haired rabbit or dwarfish dachshund was obtained by crossing pinschers and terriers with the smallest representatives of the dachshund.
Features of longhaired dachshunds
For dogs of this breed, the formation of the final color and length of the coat, usually 2-4 years of life, is rather late. Puppies dachshunds are born with a fuzz on the body, which is little like a wool.Later, as a result of several lines, the fluff changes first to a teenage fur coat, and only by the second year of life an adult "fur coat" is formed that fits snugly against the dog's body and protects well from moisture, cold and wind.
Long-haired dachshund is black-tan, red and coffee color. Red color is presented quite richly: it can be golden chestnut, light-red, cherry-brown, but always saturated and bright.
Later, there was such a breed of dachshund, as rabbit or dwarfish. It was obtained as a result of selection selection and was intended for the normal hunting for rabbits.Today, few of the dog breeders use these dogs as hunting dogs, most breed such dachshunds as domestic decorative pets and companions. It differs from all other representatives of its breed in miniature sizes: the height at the withers varies from 10 to 15 cm, and the weight is about three kg, and the character is calmer. These dogs love to communicate and are happy to find a common language with all members of the family. As well as the standard sizes, miniature taxes can be of three types: short-, hard- and long-haired. These mobile dogs can easily do without walking on the street, as they are easily accustomed to the tray. The long-haired miniature dachshund can have almost any color, both monophonic and in several colors.
How to care for long-haired dachshunds?
The fur of any long-haired dog requires special care, and the fees are not an exception. Specialists recommend weekly combing of the pet of this breed with special brushes and washing the dog twice a year with special shampoos. It should be noted that the rates are fairly clean and do not need frequent washing. Paws dachshunds with any hair also need care. First of all, the dog returning from the walk needs to wipe the pad with a damp napkin, removing dirt, dust, and in winter, chemical reagents. It is very important from the early puppy's age to accustom the pet to the clipping of the claws, as well as the cutting of the wool between the pads. In the event that you have never done such procedures, ask for help from professionals: veterinarians, breeders or more experienced owners. As a rule, a few lessons are enough for a beginner dogman to do it himself.
Dogs of this breed are distinguished by a lively, active character. The long-haired dachshund, the photo of which is presented below, will be happy to walk and frolic with children.Long walks on rough terrain and swimming help to strengthen rather weak muscles of a back and paws. From an early age, one needs to tame the puppy of a dachshund to walk in a collar and with a stretched leash, which helps to form a correct posture, and also to develop an obedient character and a habit of discipline.