Prague wolf - one of the most miniature breeds of dogs in the world
To date, the breed of dog Prague rider is very popular. Despite the small growth - about 23 cm at the withers, the rat is an excellent hunter. Thanks to fighting spirit and mobility, he received his name, which in Czech means "little catcher of rats". Also the breed is also known as the Prague rattle or sernochka.
History of the origin of the breed
The story of the birth of a Prague fugitive goes back to the distant past of the Czech Republic. Originally the breed was called "ratlik" and its task was to protect the master's house and property from the invasion of rats. For the first time the breed was described in documents dating from the 8th to 9th centuries AD. At one time, the Polish king Boleslaw ll Generous brought small dogs from the Czech Republic. Later, in 1377, during a visit to France, the King of Bohemia gave Charles V the Wise three rats, thereby confirming the friendship of France and the Czech Republic. In the historical literature, the presence of fugitives among many rulers of Europe of different times was noted.
Subsequently, in connection with the defeat of the Czechs during the war on the White Mountain, the status of the dog was lost. They became favorites of women not only of a noble family, but also of poor people suffering from raids of rats. And only at the end of the last century, or more precisely in 1980, thanks to the tremendous efforts of dog handlers to revive the dog, the Prague rider was recognized as a national breed of the Czech Republic, and later deserved recognition in many countries of the world.
Characteristics of character
The Prague rider is a very sweet, peaceful, sympathetic and affectionate animal. Despite the fact that the modern fugitive, in contrast to medieval ancestors, does not perform the task of a rat-trapper, he, obeying basic instincts, likes to hunt while walking on the street. The rats are clever and mischievous dogs, like comfortable conditions and easily get accustomed to the apartment. They are obedient and balanced, loyal to the master and unobtrusive. They can be patient with their host without fussing or showing concern. Next to other animals occupy the position of leader. The dog is not prone to panic and panic. At a meeting with a stranger, he behaves cautiously and detached. In the cold season during the walk the dog frosts, so it needs to be insulated.
The Prague rat, whose photo confirms the description, is characterized by a pronounced musculature and a strong skeleton. The head has the shape of a pear with a tubercle at the back of the head. Ears are strong, triangular in shape, slightly directed towards each other and always in a standing position. The eyes are wide and straight. Between the eyes there is a clearly marked hollow. The muzzle of the dog has noble features, the lips are strong and undiscovered, the jaw muscles are well developed. During the movement, the tail of the dog is raised and can be rounded. The main color of the coat is tawny, black-red, but may have a different color. Wool can be either long or short. A powerful body, a broad chest and the description given above indicate the breed of a Prague wolf. Toy Terrier is thin-boned and more refined, despite the fact that they have related roots.
Training and education of the Prague rider
The rats are devoted to the master and feel a change of mood very much, and they also understand the praise and discontent perfectly. In this regard, they are very amenable to training. Easy to remember commands and able to perform various tricks. Simply overcome the obstacle course, participating in agility and thus showing dexterity and ability to understand the requirements of the owner. In such a sport as coursing, the Prague rider fully demonstrates the nature of the hunter's skills. It is easy to learn by the method of offense.
Thanks to cleverness, the dog can serve as an excellent companion. Living in a city apartment, a fugitive can walk into the tray.
The Prague rats did not have serious illnesses. There are problems with the teeth and gums, which causes a bad smell from the mouth. The formation of tartar can lead to periodontitis. It is necessary to regularly drive a dog to brush your teeth and remove the stone to the vet.
The breed has a congenital defect, manifested by a dislocation of the kneecap. It is assumed that this is a hereditary gift of ancestors. Fractures are most often affected by paws around the pastern and forearms. Dogs live about 14 years.
A few words about nutrition
A dog of the breed, a Prague fugitive spends a lot of energy, accordingly, requires her to replenish in sufficient quantity. An adult dog should be fed 3 times a day. Special dry food and conservation for dogs include all the nutrients necessary for the growth and development of the pet. Nevertheless, not all dogs are ready to use them. Many people prefer beef, poultry, fish, they will not give up macaroni, rice and vegetables with fiber. In natural food, you must include an additional vitamin complex.
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