Why is the international Day of human rights
At least once a year we hear on radio, TV or read in the network that 10 December is human rights Day. But not everyone knows why this winter date chosen to celebrate this holiday. What did he mean? Many call it a "holiday defenders," and they are not very far from the truth. The fact is that in 1948 was adopted a very important document. He, in fact, marked the beginning of the modern notion of what human rights are. It happened at the Assembly meeting of the new intergovernmental structure of the United Nations. She just started and needed the adoption of statutes and treaties.
International human rights Day became such only after 1945, after realizing the horrors, tragedies and mass murders of World war II, was created a special international Commission. It brought together lawyers from many countries and continents, as well as national and religious traditions. They had, by consensus, to determine what basic principles of human dignity acceptable to all races, Nations and ethnic groups. These provisions became the basis of a document modifitsirovannogo General, universal rule, to which should strive for any country that became a member of the UN. We are talking about a bill that has become part of the Charter of this esteemed international organization.
International human rights Day approaching and many non-governmental movement, which not only followed the process, but also sought to have the document includes a variety of freedoms is inseparable from the concept of "dignity." The right to live, to be free from violence and hunger, the ability to practice any religion – it was included in the mandatory list. The achievement and enforcement of these rights was recognized as a priority, which is higher than the state sovereignty. That's why the date of the adoption of this document is celebrated as the international Day of human rights. After all, protection of these principles is the concern of all States, governments and peoples.
Finally, the document called "Declaration of human rights", was voted on in 1948. Date of consideration elected on the tenth of December. Among the participants of the then General Assembly was not one which would have opposed its adoption. Although eight countries, among which was the Soviet Union, abstained, despite the fact that the Soviet jurists also participated in the creation of the Declaration. But she was accepted and since then, the international human rights Day is celebrated every year around the globe. He does not allow us to forget that there is a list of 30 basic principles that provide our dignity. Every state is obliged to promote, defend and protect, in spite of its political system.
Perhaps many of us would say that this Declaration is just a sheet of paper. However, the fact that it is a universally recognized standard of human rights. They can be broken, but you can't take away. Therefore, to demand compliance with these rights is not only possible, but necessary. No wonder that in 1993 the world conference in Vienna, which brought together 171 States reaffirmed their commitment to the Declaration and the willingness of their governments to be guided by this standard. That is why the international human rights Day is the date that reminds us that there are principles and rules that guard our dignity, and they must be respected for everyone without exception.