Fin fines: treatment in a common aquarium
Every aquarist is very sensitive to his silent pets and, of course, wants them to enjoy their beauty as long as possible. However, a closed system is an ideal place for the multiplication of pathogens and parasites. Today we want to tell you about such an attack as fin rot. Treatment of this disease is discussed at almost every forum dedicated to aquarium fish. From this we can draw several conclusions. The disease is quite common, and with it sooner or later each aquarist gets acquainted. And the second - there is no single opinion about treatment for today. Let's look at those treatments that have the most positive feedback, which means they can help save your aquarium.
What is this disease?
The answer to this question is also a clue as to why in each case the aquarists are looking for a new way of treatment, rather than using a proven scheme. So, what is fin rot? Treatment of this disease is complicated by the fact that it is only one of the components of a systemic bacterial infection. That is, it is not possible to identify one pathogen. Several different types of bacteria are involved in the pathogenesis. In particular, experiments have shown that different individuals of fish with the same symptomatology (fin rot) should receive different treatment. That is why the remedy that helped one is rendered useless for others.
Major pathogens and symptoms of the disease
Aeromonas hydrophila and all its sub-species are one of the pathogens. It is a gram-negative anaerobic rod, which is widely distributed in the environment, in fresh and salt water. The second large group of pathogens is Pseudomonas. This is an obligate aerobic, most often found in soil and in spoiled food. It is these two groups of microorganisms that cause the disease, which is called "fin rot". Treatment requires a quick and accurate diagnosis, which usually does not cause problems. The symptomatology is obvious enough that even a beginner can recognize it.
First of all, a systemic infection leads to the destruction of the integument of the body and internal organs. There are hemorrhages and necrosis, sepsis, grayish ulcers on the surface of the body. The fish lose color, clotting and erosion of the fins, scaling of the scales are observed.
Prevention of disease
The later you notice the changes, the more damage the fin rot can do. Treatment in a common aquarium is much more effective if it starts at the earliest stages of the disease. In any case, the disease is much easier to prevent than treat. This bacterial disease is a consequence of poor care of the aquarium. Immunity of fish in this case is reduced, and the concentration of pathogenic microflora is getting higher, which as a result leads to an outbreak of infection. Prevention is the observance of sanitary standards and requirements for the content of fish. Make sure that there is no excess of food in the aquarium, which will rot. There are no vaccines against this disease, however antibacterial therapy is very effective.
In fact, there are two options. These are therapeutic baths, where sick fish are planted, as well as the addition of medicinal product to the general water area. Which way is more effective to completely forget about such a disease as fin rot? Treatment in a common aquarium is considered more effective, since you simultaneously carry out disinfection of soil, plants, and all other contents of the reservoir, which can become a source of repeated reproduction of the infection. Therefore, today we will talk specifically about such methods of treatment.
When you notice the first symptoms
The result will be much more effective if you notice the first symptoms of a terrible disease called "fin rot". Treatment in a common salt aquarium can only help now. If you run the situation, you will need more serious means.
First of all make a good water change, at least 30%, and set the maximum temperature allowed for the fish that live in your aquarium. If there are individuals who do not endure such changes, they are deposited in a separate container. An effective means at first is the addition of ordinary salt, not iodized, to the water. Norm for sensitive fish - two teaspoons per 10 liters of water, and if the fish tolerate salt easily, you can add 3 teaspoons to the same amount of water. Watch your pets. If after a few days the situation has not improved, make a water substitution of 50-80% and start medical treatment.
Normal manganese to help you
Potassium permanganate is used for disinfection of the water area in the treatment of many bacterial infections, their list includes fin rot. Treatment in a common aquarium (photo painted potassium permanganate water looks quite original) is possible only with subsequent water changes. It is much better to fish the fish in a separate vessel, where to add 0.5 g per 10 liters of water. Fish are placed in the solution every two hours, for 20 minutes. While the treatment is underway, it is very good to add potassium permanganate and to the general aquarium to destroy the causative agent of the disease on plants and soil.
Malachite green - the best solution for the most difficult cases
Oxalate malachite green is toxic, but it helps to cope effectively with this ailment. Perfectly suitable for the treatment of viviparous, labyrinthine fish, neon and barbs, various ornamental carp. But for other fish, use with caution, so consult a professional who knows what fin rot is. Treatment in a common aquarium malachite green passes at a temperature of +24. +28 degrees. During the entire course, water should be well aerated. 10 mg / 100 l is added to the water. Doses are repeated after 7 days. The treatment itself can last more than a month.
Simple and inexpensive means can help you cope with such a disease as fin rot. Treatment in a common aquarium levomitsetinom recommended not only amateur-aquarists, but also veterinarians. This drug is almost always in the home medicine chest. Tablets are poorly soluble in water, so you need to put them in a glass and stir well, and then add to the aquarium. Dosage - 200 mg per liter. The solution is poured and left for 5 days. When this period is over, it is necessary to begin partial replacement of water.
However, this is not the only antibiotic that helps cope with this disease. Well-proven and Bicillin-5. This is an antibiotic of the penicillium group. It decomposes in the light, so the treatment is carried out late at night. Dosage 500 000 units (one third of the bottle) per 10 liters of water. Make this amount every evening, for 6 days. In this case, the water temperature rises to 26 degrees, then the parasites leave the tissues in the water, where they die.
Specialized preparations from vetapteks
What is the most famous tool that every aquarist should have? We give a clue: with his help you can instantly get rid of a bacterial disease called "fin rot". Treatment "Antiparas" is the most modern way to save all inhabitants of the water area. It is noteworthy that it can be used for prevention. If you bought a new live food, soak it before feeding for a few minutes in a weak solution. Also for preventive purposes, therapeutic baths are provided. The concentration of the solution is 1 ml per 10 liters of water, the exposure time is 3 hours. In such a bath you can keep new tenants who came to you from the store, seaweed and soil.
If the signs of the disease are already there, do not worry, you can fix everything. In this case, all lights and filters are turned off. The temperature regime is maintained at a level of 24-26 degrees. The working solution is added every four days. Therapeutic concentration for long-term baths is 1 ml per 50 liters of water. Deactivate the solution by passing it through the carbon filter. This is an indispensable tool that will help in almost any case. So if you buy an aquarium, just in case, stock up and such a universal medicine. Judging by the reviews, he can help out in cases when the signs of the disease develop rapidly, and time is playing against you.