Fin rot treatment in the General aquarium
Every aquarist is very kind to his silent Pets and, of course, wants that they are pleased with their beauty as long as possible. However, a closed system is an ideal breeding site for pathogenic microorganisms and parasites. Today we want to tell you about such an attack, as the fin rot. The treatment of this disease is discussed on almost every forum dedicated to aquarium fish. From this we can draw several conclusions. The disease is common enough, and with him sooner or later meets every aquarist. And the second is consensus about the treatment today does not exist. Let's look at those treatments that have the most positive feedback, and thus can help to save your aquarium.
What kind of disease
The answer to this question lies the answer why in each case, aquarists looking for a new way of treatment instead of using the already-proven scheme. So, what is fin rot? The treatment of this disease is complicated by the fact that it is only one component of a systemic bacterial infection. That is, to identify a single causative agent is not possible. Involved in the pathogenesis of several different types of bacteria. In particular, experiments have shown that different species of fish with the same symptoms (fin rot) treatment must be different. That is why the tool that has helped one can be useless for others.
The main causative agents and symptoms of the disease
Aeromonas hydrophila and all of its subtypes – and one of the agents. This gram-negative anaerobic Bacillus that is widely distributed in the environment, in fresh and salt water. The second largest group of pathogens is Pseudomonas. It is an obligate aerobe, most commonly found in soil and spoiled foods. These two groups of microorganisms which cause disease, which is called "fin rot". Treatment requires quick and accurate diagnosis that does not usually cause problems. Symptoms are obvious enough that even a beginner could recognize.
Primarily systemic infection leads to the destruction of the integument and internal organs. Marked hemorrhage and necrosis, sepsis, grayish ulcers on the body surface. The fish loses color, there is a sticking and erosion of the fins, separation of scales.
The later you noticed the difference, the more damage can cause fin rot. Treatment in the General aquarium is much more effective if you start at the very first stages of the disease. In any case, the disease is much easier to prevent than to cure. This bacterial disease is the result of poor aquarium care. The immune system of fish in this case is reduced, and the concentration of pathogenic organisms is getting higher, which lead to the outbreak. Prevention is compliance with sanitary norms and requirements to the content of fish. Ensure that the aquarium was no excess food that will rot. The vaccine against this disease is not, however, antibiotic therapy is very effective.
In fact, there are two options. This medicinal baths, where otshivayutsya diseased fish, as well as adding medicines in the General area. Which method is more effective to completely forget about a disease such as fin rot? Treatment in the General aquarium is considered to be more efficient, because you spend and disinfection of soil, plants, and the rest of the contents of the tank, which can be a source of re-propagation of the infection. So today we will talk about such methods of treatment.
When you notice the first symptoms
The result will be much more efficient if you noticed first symptoms of the terrible disease called "fin rot". Treatment in the General aquarium salt can only help now. If you run the situation, you will need more serious tools.
First and foremost, do a good water change, at least 30%, and set the maximum temperature allowed for fish species that live in your aquarium. If there are individuals who do not make such a change, their is deposited in a separate container. Effective means at first, is added to water, common salt, not iodized. Norm for sensitive fish or two teaspoons per 10 liters of water, and if fish safely tolerate salt, you can add 3 teaspoons for the same amount of water. Watch your Pets. If after a few days the situation has not improved, do water changes of 50-80% and start medication.
Normal potassium permanganate to help you
Potassium permanganate is used for disinfection of waters in the treatment of many bacterial infections include fin rot and. Treatment in the General aquarium (photo painted with potassium permanganate water looks quite original) is only possible when a subsequent change of water. It is much better to isolate the fish in a separate vessel, where add 0.5 g per 10 liters of water. Fish are placed in solution every two hours for 20 minutes. While there is treatment, it is good to add potassium permanganate in the General aquarium to destroy the causative agent of the disease on the plants and soil.
Malachite green is the optimal output for the most difficult cases
The oxalate of malachite green is toxic, however, helps to effectively cope with this disease. Perfectly suited for the treatment viviparous, labyrinth fish, neons and barbs, various decorative carp. But for other fish used with caution, so consult with a professional who knows what fin rot. Treatment in the General aquarium malachite green is at a temperature of 24. 28 degrees. During the entire course should be well aerated water. The water is brought to 10 mg/100 l Dose repeated after 7 days. The treatment itself can last more than a month.
Simple and inexpensive tools can help you cope with this disease like fin rot. Treatment in the General aquarium chloramphenicol is recommended not only by Amateur aquarists, and veterinary doctors. This drug is almost always in the spring. Tablets are poorly soluble in water, so you need to put them in a Cup and stir, and then add to the aquarium. The dosage is 200 mg per liter. The solution is poured and left for 5 days. When this period ends, you must begin a partial water change.
However, this is not the only antibiotic that helps to cope with the disease. Well established and Bitsillin-5. This antibiotic penitsillanovoy group. It decomposes in the light, so the treatment is carried out late in the evening. The dosage is 500,000 UNITS (one-third of the bottle) per 10 liters of water. Contribute this amount every night for 6 days. The water temperature rises to 26 degrees, that's when the parasites come from the tissues into the water, where they die.
Specialized medications from the drugstore
What is the most famous tool that should be in every aquarist? Here is a tip: with it, you can instantly get rid of a bacterial disease called "fin rot". Treatment "Antiparos" is the most modern way to protect all the inhabitants of the area. It is noteworthy that it can be used for prevention. If you bought a new live feed, soak it before feeding for a few minutes in a weak solution. Also as a preventive measure subjected to treatment baths. The solution concentration is 1 ml per 10 liters of water, exposure time of 3 hours. In such a bath it is possible to keep the new residents who arrived from the store, algae and soil.
If the symptoms are already evident, don't worry, everything is fixable. This turns off all lighting and filters. The temperature regime is maintained at 24-26 degrees. The working solution was added every four days. The therapeutic concentration for long-term baths – 1 ml per 50 liters of water. Inactivate the solution, passing it through a carbon filter. It is an indispensable tool that will help in almost any case. So if you buy an aquarium, just in case, please be so universal medicine. Judging by the reviews, it can help out in those cases where the symptoms develop rapidly, and time is against you.