Planning of educational and educational work in the 1st junior group, in the middle group, in the senior group
Planning an educational and educational program is one of the main solutions to the issue of preschool education for children. He needs to pay special attention, because it is from these plans that the success of the sessions depends. We must remember that every day in the kindergarten for the baby is just the time that should be spent with benefit and interest. Today we will talk about what should be the children's classes in the garden, in other words, we will draw up an approximate planning of the educational and educational work of the educator with the children.
Explanation of the work in the first junior group
This program contributes to the development of children by combining parental and educational efforts.In addition, the planning of educational and educational work in 1 younger group helps kids to explore the world and prepare them for a more adult life. This type of work is aimed at developing the child's speech, mathematical, geometric and other skills that will be necessary for the baby in the future. Prospective planning of educational and educational work contributes to the competent preparation of the baby for school life.
Tasks for the work of the younger group
As mentioned above, the scheduling of the educational and educational work of the DPU is very important. Thus, the kids prepare for the main activities of pre-school educational institutions, and develop the subject and cognitive skills that will be useful in the future.
During the planning of educational and educational work, all educators try to meet the necessary needs of their wards. They make an emphasis on communication and adaptation of the baby in society. In addition, a very important point is the schedule of the day, with which parents are acquainted in advance.
The structure of the planning of educational and educational work is designed in such a way that "teachers" take into account even the most insignificant features of childhood in any of the kindergarten groups. Problems develop in physical, aesthetic, artistic, mathematical, logical and speech directions.
Features of the age of the younger group
Planning of educational and educational work in the first group is built taking into account all the features of the children for 2-3 years.
The fact is that the first 3 years of life for a baby are aimed exclusively at cognitive activity. Having lived this time, the kid becomes more independent, everything becomes interesting to him, the games accompany the youngster everywhere and everywhere. That is why it is important to use various didactic game materials for the development of "young researchers". They will not be bored, they will be interested in participating in one or another activity.
At children of 3 years the communicative abilities which are directed on dialogue with adults continue to develop, the quantity of words understood by the child increases. This means that the kid needs constant replenishment of vocabulary. Here, didactic speech games will help, with the help of which children begin to understand the stories and speech of adults.
In addition, children's active speech is also gaining momentum during this period. Kids learn to communicate with each other. Plus, everything, they begin to form a world view, there are idols and examples to follow. It is important that at this age children are surrounded by positive characters. The planning of educational and educational work in the first group takes into account the development of children's speech, which allows to successfully "advance" it forward.
Now let's talk a little about the games. The planning of educational and educational work in the first group is based primarily on games. They are procedural in nature - all actions are close to the real ones with the utmost precision. Thus, the child learns to interact with the environment and the outside world: first in a game form, and then in real life.
In addition, the children in 2-3 years, there are artistic skills. Typically, the most common pattern is a person's image. This means that the child needs and it is important to develop opportunities in drawing. The daily planning of educational and educational work in the younger group is made in such a way that a considerable amount of time is devoted to art classes.
At three years, the auditory perception is formed in children. Thus, children learn to distinguish and remember melodies, sing, dance. The planning of educational and educational work in the first group includes the so-called "music" lessons, where every child can get proper development. Thematic planning of educational and educational work is the best way to reunite music and some phenomena that will certainly help children in the future association and analysis of sounds.
Among other things, at this age the baby can distinguish several objects in shape, color, size. In order to help the child in this difficult task for his age, educators organize various mathematical-geometric and other types of games in which the children have to learn to distinguish objects from each other.
Plus, as it was said before, the world around us becomes interested in children. In order to meet this need, in terms of working with the younger group there are "mini-tours". Thus, for example, "the planning of educational and educational work (November) includes a children's walk to the courtyard in order to study the autumn environment and collect the necessary materials (leaves, blades, etc.) for children's applications for the autumn theme.
Expected results of work in the younger group
Age 2-3 years is the so-called beginning of a baby's life. At this time, the main development of the child begins. As already mentioned, speech is formed, interest in research activity appears, skills of communication with peers and adults appear, and mathematical thinking arises. Simply put, all the fundamental human skills are manifested.
But not only in development, but also in the nature of the baby changes occur. He has a stubbornness, caprices, which constitute the basic human traits of character. In this period, it is important to perceive the child not as a full-time baby, but as a perfectly sensible person, albeit a small one. But all these abilities can not arise without the direct participation of adults in the daily life of the baby.
Thus, when the planning of educational and educational work in the younger group is carried out, it is possible to identify several basic desired results:
1. Cognitive development.
In the course of cognitive development and the objective perception of the world around the child, a child's worldview takes shape. During this period, the child learns to use objects according to their purpose, distinguishing them by some signs. Following the examples of adults, children learn to act with toys and objects of the environment.
2. Speech development.
Early childhood is the period of laying the foundations of children's speech. When communicating with adults, kids get all the necessary skills and learn to use them with their peers in games. The educator should be able to offer various games to the kids, analyzing their mood and feelings. This type of speech games includes all sorts of rhyme rhymes.
3. Adoption to aesthetics and the art world.
Due to this kind of development, children are attached to the observations of the environment, which show the entire beauty of nature and the world. Among other things, teachers offer to kids various activities that help them portray what they see (applications, drawings, crafts). This is quite a fascinating process for children of three years.
Up to three years old the adult manages and participates in the game itself. With age, through the simplest manipulations with toys, the child learns to play independently and gets the necessary skills in more complex games, where there are roles and rules. In this case, the nature of the games is changing: from individual to collective.
5. Communication with peers.
A separate place should be allocated to games aimed at communicating with peers. Now the training programs offer more than 60 different games that will definitely help the kids adapt to communication with each other.
6. Physical development.
It is at an early age that children acquire motor skills and physical abilities. All exercises are also conducted in the form of a game. Particularly successful are the games from the series "we jump like bunnies". All of them are performed under cheerful and diverse music, which makes the "charging" even more fascinating and interesting. In the course of these actions, the child is socialized and develops elementary physical abilities. In addition, children learn this kind of activity, like work. This is very important for kids at the age of three.
Thus, we considered the planning of educational and educational work in the younger first group. This topic is relevant especially for young parents. To summarize, a cyclogram of planning educational and educational work is very often used. As a rule, it reflects all the necessary work plans, their implementation and success. Now we can proceed to the main points of planning for middle and senior groups. Their upbringing is also very important, because every year kids are one step closer to adulthood.
Explanatory note of the work of the middle group
The planning of educational and educational work in the middle group is the second important stage in the formation of children's logic, knowledge and gathering information about the world around them. At the age of 4-5 years, babies need to explain all the nuances of the external world and the basics of ecological life and the situation of mankind. The planning structure of educational and educational work is designed so that children do not get bored to study the questions posed. In addition, children are taught the basics of hygiene and sanitation, which is an integral and important part of the world around them.
Tasks of the middle group
In average childhood, babies already know the basic concepts that are necessary in later life. But at this time, the psychoemotional side is actively developing in children, which must be given the right direction. To do this, educators take into account all the features of each baby and offer them special games for proper development. The planning of educational and educational work in the middle group includes also ecological foundations, which must be known already in young children. Among other things, kids master the basic vital movements, such as: running, jumping, climbing, interacting with objects, walking. An important task is the development of precisely these abilities. Correct perception of them will help every child in school life. At this time, it is important not to let a small person become selfish, because in 4-5 years he has "his own ego in the center of the universe." In the imagination, the baby reproduces "I am the best."
Speech is another factor that requires special attention. It is during the middle age that we need to develop our verbal abilities and replenish the vocabulary. It is important that children learn how to correctly build sentences and make folding stories. The planning of educational and educational work in the middle group is also aimed at studying fiction, which is important for children's development in 4-5 years. During the speech sessions, the kids learn to understand what they are reading and analyze the situation.
At this age, children become even more active, so another task of educators is to channel the child energy into the "right direction". In order to achieve maximum effect, it is customary to use a variety of games: mobile, simulating real actions and events, didactic and developing. The main thing is to interest the kids, so that they, as already mentioned above, were not bored.
Age features of the middle group
The planning of educational and educational work in the middle group is built in such a way that at any stage of the lessons the characteristics of the average preschool age are taken into account. At this time, the kids begin to understand the roles that can change. In the course of their activity, the children learn to separate themselves from the role. So there are game and real concepts.
At this time, children are even more actively developing artistic activity. The image of the person in the drawings becomes more clear, and all other elements are detailed and subject. Children learn to work with paper, scissors and glue - they get acquainted with the application. The number of "details" can reach 6 pieces - not very much, but also a lot to describe this or that object. This helps children make plans of action.
The average age of the preschool group increases the amount of memory. Kids begin to understand well what they say, remember a lot of information. In 4-5 years, preschool children are actively developing small and large motor skills, there is a logical thinking and coordination. In addition, mathematical and geometric abilities are actively developed, more complex ball games are practiced. Children learn to firmly maintain their balance and cross some small and uncomplicated obstacles.
In addition, kids are beginning to understand the different schemes. At this age, they are able to go through the game-maze and build a variety of designs by schemes. With the help of the placed objects, the children begin to understand and predict what will happen in this or that situation.
The imagination continues to develop actively. Originality and randomness are formed in children of middle preschool age. At this time, the kids can already come up with small tales, stories and stories. In addition, they have increased attention and perseverance. Now the guys can perceive the information for 15 minutes more than at a very young age.
Concerning peers there is selectivity and a certain logic. The guys no longer run around with each other with a crowd, but choose their friends for some special features. In addition, at this age, the children are particularly active in developing their character - some become more modest, and some compete with their comrades. In the children's groups, leaders and "leaders" begin to stand out, as well as "outcasts". This is very important for the formation of the "I" in the future.
Expected results of work
The planning of educational and educational work is structured in such a way that, as a rule, it reflects some results that must be achieved for a particular period. Now we will see what needs to be achieved by the end of the work with the middle group of the kindergarten.
1. Formation of personal qualities.
As mentioned above, children in the middle preschool age form their Alter-Ego. Thus, the planning of educational and educational work helps children in this difficult matter. In the course of the work, the wards should be formed a certain worldview and views on themselves.
2. Physical development.
In the average preschool age, children develop physically. Educators should find the use of children's energy and teach their children easy physical exercises to improve their health.
In 4-5 years, kindergartners begin to show their intellectual abilities. Thus, in this period there is an individuality and some opportunities that are better developed specifically for each baby.
4. Artistic skills.
As stated earlier, in the average preschool age children develop artistic skills. They can draw more detailed drawings and images. Thus, the planning of educational and educational work helps to acquire the skills necessary for the development of art.
Going to the end of the middle group, children, simply put, should be already a little prepared for the entry "into adulthood" - to school. But ahead of the kids is another important stage in the formation of training - the senior group.
Explanation of work in the senior group
The planning of educational and educational work in the senior group is the final stage of preparing each child for school. At this age, children require special attention - if something is "missed" out of sight, in the future this will negatively affect the behavior of the child. The main task of the senior group is the formation and development of independence in children, as well as their preparation for school life. Much attention will be paid to physical and logical development. For the effective composition of the work, the "planning of educational and educational work" table will help, which will contain all the activities and tasks that must be carried out in the work.
The tasks for the development of children of the older group
As already mentioned, the planning of educational and educational work in the senior group is aimed at preparing children for school. This helps games, tasks and joint activities of the "child-caregiver". The most important moments are: the formation of the child's independence, the ability to communicate with peers and adults, the introduction of the baby to the generally accepted norms of behavior and worldview.
In the older preschool age, children should be attached to the traditions of their native country and to other spheres of culture. In this period it is important to introduce the children to national treasures. In addition, it is important to educate patriotism and love for the Motherland.
Quite important is the development of responsiveness, empathy, tolerance and tolerance. Toddlers should already give a clear account of their actions and actions.
In addition, through mathematical, logical and geometric development, the child learns to analyze certain situations and build a fairly complex chain of actions. This helps the kids when communicating and in life in general.
The planning of educational and educational work in the older group, as well as in all other age categories, is tailored to the characteristics of childhood. At 6-7 years, children have quite a few individual characteristics, which, of course, makes preparation for the school quite difficult.
At this age, children are exposed to emotions that they learn to manipulate if left unattended. They have "bad" thoughts, serious moods. Before entering the school life, special attention should be paid to the introduction of the baby to goodness and loyalty. Planning for educational and educational work in the senior group helps to develop classes to maintain the emotional stability of children.
In 5-7 years the child has formed the mechanisms of interaction, which must be directed to the right track. Emotional components are particularly pronounced. In this difficult period, nervous mechanisms become visible-excitation and inhibition, which is especially important.
Undoubtedly, the planning of the educational and educational program in the senior group is formed in such a way that children can use their actively developing intellect. This will help games and tasks that expand the horizon of children.
The planning of educational and educational work, as is known, must be carried out in order to achieve some good, useful goal.
1. Intellectual activity.
In the older preschool age, the intellect is already developing quite rapidly in children, so they need constant "charging" of the brain with new information. Many games and tasks should be aimed at developing children's thinking so that the kids are ready for school.
2. Physical capabilities.
Even at school, children will be expected to learn physical culture. In the modern world, without special training with them, it will be rather difficult to cope with. In addition, in the older preschool age, the children form a spine - it is important to pay special attention to its development.
3. Absolute independence.
At the age of 7, the kid must be prepared for the fact that at school he will need to do everything himself. Most games in the planning of educational work are aimed specifically at the development of the child's independence. Children should be able to use their belongings and ask for help from their peers.
Skills of communication with adults and peers at the age of 7 years in a child reach a peak. During this period, children should learn to communicate with friends and adults, as well as know the rules of etiquette. Interaction with the outside world should also create assiduity.
Thus, it can be seen that the planning structure of educational and educational work in different age categories is the same, although the principles and tasks at different ages differ significantly. The planning of educational and educational work requires knowledge of child psychology and the foundations of pedagogy. It is necessary to approach this issue very seriously, in order to make a competent daily planning of educational and educational work.