Planning of educational work in the 1st Junior group, intermediate group, senior group
Planning educational program is one of the main solutions to the issue of preschool education. It is necessary to pay special, special attention, since these plans depends on the success of your training sessions. You need to remember that every day in kindergarten for the kid — this is the time that should be spent with benefit and interest. Today we will talk about what should be children's classes in the garden, simply put, draw up a rough plan of educational work of the tutor with children.
Explanation of the work in the first Junior group
This program promotes child development through parent associations and educators efforts. In addition, planning of educational work in 1 Junior group helps kids to explore the world and prepare them for adult life. This type of work is aimed at developing the child's verbal, mathematical, geometric, and other skills that will be needed in the future baby. Forward planning of educational work helps prepare the child to school life.
Objectives of the work of the younger group
As mentioned above, scheduling of educational work of the DOE is very important. Thus, the kids formed a preparation for the basic training of preschool educational institutions, and develop substantive and cognitive skills that will be useful in the future.
In the course of planning educational work, all caregivers try to meet the needs of their wards. They focus on communication and adaptation of the baby in society. In addition, quite important point is the schedule day to which parents introduce objects in advance.
Structure planning of educational work is made so that the "teachers" take into account even the smallest features of childhood in any of the kindergarten groups. Tasks develop in physical, aesthetic, artistic, mathematical, logical and verbal directions.
Features of the age of the younger group
Planning of educational work in the Junior 1 group is built with all the features kids 2-3 years.
The fact that the first 3 years of life the baby is exclusively aimed at cognitive activity. Having lived this time, the baby becomes more independent, it becomes more interesting, the game accompany baby everywhere. That is why it is important to use different didactic play materials for the development of "young researchers". They will not be bored, it will be interesting to participate in a particular activity.
At 3 years old children continue to develop communication skills aimed at communicating with adults, an increasing number understand baby words. This means that the baby needs constant vocabulary. It will help speech-didactic game through which children begin to understand the stories and speech of adults.
In addition, the development in this period retrieves and children's active speech. Kids learn to communicate with each other. Plus, they begin to form a worldview, there are idols and examples to follow. It is important that at this age the children were surrounded by positive characters. Planning of educational work in 1 Junior group takes into account the peculiarities of development of children's speech that allows us to successfully "advance" it forward.
Now a little talk about the games. Planning of educational work in the 1 the younger group based primarily on the games. They are procedural in nature — all actions close to the real maximum accuracy. Thus, the child learns to interact with the environment and the outside world: first in the form of a game, and then in real life.
In addition, children in 2-3 years, there are artistic skills. As a rule, the most common pattern is the image of a man. This means that the child needs and it is important to develop capabilities in painting. Daily planning of educational work in the younger group is composed so that the art classes are reserved quite a large amount of time.
In three years the kids have formed auditory perception. Thus, kids learn to recognize and remember the melodies, to sing, to dance. Planning of educational work in the 1 the younger group includes the so-called lessons "music" where every child will be able to get proper development. Thematic planning of educational work is the best way to reunite music and some phenomenon that will help children in the future of the Association and analysis of sounds.
In addition, at this age, a baby can distinguish a few objects by shape, color, size. To help your child at this difficult age, caregivers can arrange a variety of mathematical, geometric and other types of games in which children will learn to distinguish objects from each other.
Plus, as mentioned earlier, children are getting interesting the world. To satisfy this need, in terms of working with the younger group provided a "mini-tour". Thus, for example, "planning of educational work (November) includes a children's a walk in the yard to study the autumn of the world and gather the necessary materials (leaves, blades of grass, etc.) for children's applications for the fall theme.
The following outcomes are expected in the younger group
Age 2-3 years — the so-called beginning of baby's life. At this time, the main development of a child. As already mentioned, formed, it appears of interest to research appear communication skills with peers and adults, there is mathematical thinking. Simply put, are all fundamental human skills.
But not only in development but also in the nature of baby changing. He has a stubbornness, moods, which are basic human traits. During this period, it is important to view the child as not quite a toddler, but as a completely sane man, though small. But all these abilities cannot occur without the direct involvement of adults in the daily life of the baby.
Therefore, when planning educational work in the younger group, we can identify some key desired results:
1. Cognitive development.
In the course of cognitive development and object perception of the world around the child, the formation of the worldview of the baby. During this period the child learns to use objects for their intended purpose, distinguishing them on any grounds. Following the examples of adults, children learn actions with toys and objects of the environment.
2. Speech development.
Early childhood is a period of laying the foundations of children's speech. When dealing with older kids get all the necessary skills and learning to use them with their peers during the games. The teacher should be able to offer different games to the kids, analyzing their mood and feelings. This kind of verbal games includes all sorts of poems-nursery rhymes.
3. Introduction to aesthetics and art world.
Thanks to this type of development, children are acquainted with the observations of the environment that show all the beauty of nature and the world. In addition, teachers offer kids a variety of activities that help them to portray what they see (of an application, drawings, crafts). It's quite a fascinating process for kids three years.
To three years the adult directs and participates in the game. With age, by the simple manipulation of toys, the child learns to play independently and acquire the necessary skills in more complex games where there are roles and rules. The nature of the games changes from individual to collective.
5. Socializing with peers.
A separate place should be reserved for games aimed at socializing with peers. Now training programs offer over 60 different games that will help kids to adapt to communicate with each other.
6. Physical development.
At an early age children master the motor skills and physical abilities. All exercises are held in the form of games. Particularly successful are the games from the series "jump like bunnies". They all run to the fun and variety of the music that makes "charging" even more fun and interesting. During these actions the child is socialization and development of basic physical abilities. In addition, children learn about such activity, as labor. It is very important for kids under the age of three.
Thus, we considered the planning of educational work in the Junior the first group. This topic is particularly important for young parents. To summarize, it is very frequently used sequence diagram of the planning of educational work. As a rule, it reflects all required work plans, their implementation and success. You can now proceed to the main points of the planning middle and high groups. Their upbringing is also very important, because every year the kids get one step closer to adulthood.
Explanatory note of the work of the middle group
Planning of educational work in the middle group is the second important stage in the formation of child logic, knowledge and information gathering about the world. At the age of 4-5 years, kids are already required to explain all the nuances of the outside world and the foundations of life and situation of mankind. Structure planning of educational work designed to children it was not boring to study the posed questions. In addition, children are taught the basics of hygiene and sanitation, which is an integral and important part of the world.
Tasks of the middle group
The average children's age, kids already know the basic concepts that are needed later in life. But at this time children are actively developing the emotional side, which we have to give the right direction. For this, teachers take into account all peculiarities of every child and offer them a special game for true development. Planning of educational work in the middle group includes environmental basics that you need to know already in young childhood. In addition, the kids learn the main vital movements, such as running, jumping, climbing, interaction with objects, walking. An important task is to develop these abilities. Correct their perceptions will help in school life for every child. At this time it is important not to give the little man to become selfish, because in 4-5 years he's "in the center of the universe" is your own ego. In the imagination of the baby plays "I am the best".
It is another factor that requires special attention. It was during middle age need to develop language skills and vocabulary. It is important that children learned how to build sentences and compose stories folding. Planning of educational work in the middle group also focused on the study of literature, which is important for child development 4-5 years. During speech lessons the kids learn to understand what they read, and analyze the situation.
At this age, children become more active, so another challenge for caregivers is infant direction of energy in the "right direction". To achieve maximum effect, it is customary to use a variety of games: mobile that simulates real action and events and developing teaching. The main thing is to interest the little ones to them, as already mentioned above, it was not boring.
Age characteristics the average group
Planning of educational work in the middle group is constructed so that at any stage of training takes into account the characteristics of secondary school age. At this time babies begin to understand the roles that can change. In the course of their activities children learn to separate themselves from the role. So there are games and real concepts.
At this time, children are more actively developing artistic activity. The picture of the man in the pictures becomes more clear, and all the rest of the elements — detailed and substantive. Children learn to work with paper, scissors and glue — they are familiar with applique. The number of "parts" can reach 6 pieces — not very much, but many in order to describe a particular object. It helps children to build action plans.
The average age pre-school groups increases the amount of memory. Toddlers begin to understand what they say, remember quite a lot of information. In 4-5 years preschool children is actively developing small and large motor skills, a logical thinking and coordination. In addition, the active development of get mathematical and geometrical skills, practice more complex ball game. Children learn firmly to keep his balance and cross some small and simple obstacles.
In addition, toddlers begin to understand the various schemes. At this age they are able to pass labyrinth games and build a wide variety of design schemes. With placed objects, children begin to understand and predict what will happen in a given situation.
Continues to evolve and imagination. At children of middle preschool age formed the originality and randomness. At this time, the kids have the ability to come up with small stories, stories and stories. In addition, they have increased attention and perseverance. Now they can receive the information in 15 minutes more than at a very young age.
Relative to the peers appears selective and some logic. The guys already don't run with each other the crowd, and choose their friends for some features. In addition, at this age babies are particularly active in developing character, one becomes more humble, and someone who competes with friends. In children's groups become prominent leaders and "instigators" and "outcasts". It is very important for the formation of the "I" in the future.
The scheme of planning of educational work is made so that it usually reflects some results that must be achieved for a particular period. Now we'll see what has to be accomplished by the end of the work with an average group of a kindergarten.
1. The formation of personal qualities.
As mentioned above, children in secondary school age form their Alter-Ego. Thus, planning of educational work helps kids in this difficult case. In the course of the work in the wards should be formed a certain worldview and Outlook on themselves.
2. Physical development.
On average, preschool age children are physically active. Educators must find the use of children's energy and teach kids easy physical exercises to improve health.
In 4-5 years, kindergartners begin to show their intellectual abilities. Thus, in this period there individuality and some opportunities that are better developed specifically to each baby.
4. Artistic skills.
As mentioned earlier, in secondary school age children show artistic skills. They can draw more detailed drawings and images. So, planning of educational work helps to acquire the skills necessary for the development of art.
Approaching the end of the middle group, the children simply must be a little prepared for the entry of "adulthood" — to school. But ahead of kids another important step in the formation of training — senior group.
Explanation of the work in the senior group
Planning of educational work in the senior group — this is the final stage of preparing every child for school. At this age, children require special attention — if something is "missed" out of sight, in the future this will negatively affect the child's behavior. The main objective of senior group is the formation and development of independence in children as well as their preparation for school life. Great attention will be paid to the physical and logical development. For the effective preparation work will help the table "planning of educational work", which will contain all activities and tasks that must be carried out in the work.
Tasks for the development of children of the senior group
As already mentioned, the planning of educational work in the older group aimed at preparing children for school. This help games, puzzles and activities "caregiver-child". The most important points are: formation of the child's independence, ability to communicate with peers and adults, introducing the baby to generally accepted norms of behavior and Outlook.
In the preschool age need to introduce children to the traditions of his native country and other areas of culture. During this period, it is important to acquaint children with national heritage. In addition, it is important to educate patriotism and love of country.
Quite important is the development of sympathy, empathy, tolerance and tolerance. Kids should give a clear account of his actions and deeds.
In addition, through mathematical, logical and geometrical development, the child learns to analyze certain situations and to build a fairly complex chains of action. It helps kids in communication and in life in General.
Planning of educational work in the older group, as in all other age categories, compiled with consideration of peculiarities of children's age. 6-7 years old children have quite a lot of individual features that makes preparing for school quite difficult.
At this age, children are susceptible to emotions that are learning to manipulate, if you leave it unattended. They have "bad" thoughts, serious moods. Before joining the school life, special attention must be given to the introduction of the baby for goodness and loyalty. Planning of educational work in the older group helps to develop classes to maintain emotional stability of children.
In 5-7 years the child forms the interaction mechanisms that need to be directed in the right direction. Emotional factors are particularly pronounced. In this difficult period become visible neural mechanisms of excitation and inhibition, which is especially important.
Undoubtedly, planning educational programs in the older group is formed so that the children can use their developing intelligence. This will help games and tasks that expand children's horizons.
Planning of educational work, as you know, must be done in order to achieve a good, useful purpose.
1. Intellectual activity.
In the preschool age children have been rapidly developing intellect, so they need a constant "charging" of the brain with new information. Many games and tasks should be focused on the development of children's thinking that the kids were ready for school.
2. The physical ability.
Already at school children will expect the lessons of physical culture. In today's world without special training with them will be quite difficult to handle. In addition, in the preschool age children formed the spine — it is important to pay it special attention.
3. Absolute independence.
At age 7 the kid should be trained to ensure that the school he will need to do everything yourself. Most of the games in the planning of educational work aimed at developing the child's independence. Guys should be able to use their facilities and to ask for help from peers.
Communication skills with adults and peers by 7 years the child peak. During this period, children need to learn true communication with friends and adults, as well as the rules of etiquette. The interaction with the outside world should form another, and perseverance.
Thus, it is clear that the structure planning of educational work in the various age categories are the same, although the principles and tasks at different ages differ significantly. Planning of educational work requires knowledge of child psychology and principles of pedagogy. You should be very serious approach to this issue in order to create a proper daily planning of educational work.