Pyometra in cats: causes, symptoms, treatment of this condition
Quite often as in cats and dogs occurs pathological condition – pyometra. What is it? The so-called purulent endometritis, that is, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the uterus.
What causes pyometra in cats
This usually occurs on a background of glandular-cystic hyperplasia of the epithelium of the reproductive organ. Pyometra can be a consequence of a true or false pregnancy, when hormonal balance in the body is represented by progesterone. It has a specific influence on the mucous membrane of the uterus, reduces local immune defense, causing proliferation of the epithelium. Also the predominance of this hormone leads to a decrease in contractility of the muscle membrane of the uterus, causes the extension of her neck that opens up the vaginal microorganisms.
Previously it was thought that pyometra in cats is much rarer than in dogs, because the first ovulation induced sexual intercourse and in the absence thereof does not arise. However, modern research shows that they have a spontaneous ovulation.
It is also believed that improper or excessive use of medications for cessation (suppression) of heat can be the causes of purulent inflammation of the uterus.
Symptoms, which manifests itself pyometra in cats
Usually sick animals the elderly and middle-ages. However, the young she could be. Pyometra in cats is a General oppression, the temperature can increase, the appetite is either not changed or reduced. But the thirst, on the contrary, increases. Belly increased in size, the animal may urinate more often, it is not excluded vomiting and diarrhea. In advanced cases due to severely enlarged uterus, which presses on all the internal organs, shortness of breath occurs. Selection can be present if the cervix is open. However, cats are very clean and the owner may not notice. In closed form the pus accumulated inside the reproductive organ and discharge will not.
About the same clinical picture is characterized and pyometra in dogs. Symptoms they usually occur after two months after estrus.
How to diagnose
In addition to the analysis of clinical data, conduct blood tests, which show signs of acute inflammation in the body. If you have the selection, they are sent to the ascertainment of the existence and nature of the microflora. Also perform ultrasound of the uterus or an x-ray of the abdomen.
How to treat pyometra in cats
It is necessary to deliver the pet to the vet, because the pathology is serious, and in the absence of treatment with potentially serious conditions, life threatening. It is not necessary to engage in self-diagnosis and treatment.
There are both conservative and operative therapy. When first prescribed prostaglandins and antibiotics. This treatment is indicated only in young animals which are in good physical shape and not suffer from asthma, have history of pathological effects of childbirth. Hold it within several days of cats, which is important to preserve the ability to reproduce. The goal is to open the cervix, to reduce the uterus and clean it. If this does not happen within five to seven days, or any time a pet has become worse, surgery is performed. Surgical treatment is preferable because it allows to solve the problem. Carry out the removal of the uterus and both ovaries — ovariohysterectomy.