Papilloma in dogs: species, treatment
Usually a person at the first symptoms of a possible illness rushes to seek help from a specialist, since even brief data can help to identify a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment. Veterinarians are dealing with four-legged patients of different species who can not speak, much less complain about their ailment. Despite this, assistance is also required, and they can get it in veterinary institutions.
A veterinarian needs to have a whole body of knowledge in order to be able to help pets. The health of the animal can be determined by its appearance, and also after examination of the coat, eyes and ears.
The owners of animals have a huge responsibility, so they should also be able to provide first aid, know the main symptoms of common diseases and, if necessary, in time to isolate the pet from him or her from people.
Some diseases of pets do not pose any danger to the animal and others. But, for example, how safe is papilloma in dogs? Is not it the predecessor of a serious illness?
What is papilloma?
Papillomatosis is a viral disease that is quite common in dogs. Papillomas in dogs, whose treatment should not be delayed, are benign growths. Outwardly, they are similar to the inflorescence of cauliflower. Tumors are caused due to infection of epithelial cells with DNA by papillomaviruses. The virus promotes growth and division of epithelial cells, due to which chromosomal instability and mutations appear.
Penetrating into the body, the virus can not manifest itself immediately: it can take several weeks, and even a month before the appearance of the first signs. The causative agent is quite tenacious in the external environment.
Viral papillomatosis can be transmitted from one animal to another by contact, medical instruments and care items. However, for a person, the disease poses no danger.
It is quite easy to detect a disease in your pet. On any part of the body, small growths of a pinkish color with a smooth surface appear. If you do not detect the tumor on time, then in time they will become coarser and become rough.
The virus manifests itself only in appearance, there are no internal ailments in the dog. Symptoms can be different, it all depends on the location of tumors. If the disease is formed inside the mouth, the process of feeding the dog is significantly complicated: it becomes harder to swallow and chew food. Also there is abundant salivation and bad breath. Papilloma in the dog on the paw prevents it from moving. In this case, the animal tries not to lean on the limb and noticeably limps, as it experiences painful sensations. It is worth paying attention to the fact that the wool does not grow on tumors.
If symptoms are found, the veterinarian should be contacted immediately, as the disease can progress and grow from a benign tumor into a malignant one. The 24-hour veterinary clinic accepts patients at a convenient time for you. In order to distinguish papillomatosis from another disease, it is necessary to know the following types of neoplasms.
Types of papillomatosis
First of all, the papilloma in dogs has the following peculiarity: it does not grow into the tissues, but only outwards. In this case, the virus captures only the mucous membrane or the upper layer of the epidermis. Usually papillomas are small, only in rare cases they start to increase. An animal in the process of its vital activity can disrupt neoplasms, after which they begin to bleed.
There are the following types of viral papillomatosis:
- Oral papillomatosis. Young dogs usually get infected. The virus is white papules and captures the mouth, lips, sometimes the nose, conjunctiva and skin with hair. The regression of tumors begins within 3 months.
- Transitional cell papillomas. Also found mainly in young dogs. The lesion is round, captures the surface of the abdomen and the axillary zone.
- Cutaneous papillomas. This species is often found in adult dogs. In this case, the defeat captures the head, eyelids and feet of the paws. Papillomas smooth and small (less than 0.5 cm in diameter).
- A lot of pigmented papillomas. It is observed in medium breeds of dogs. The lesions do not progress and are observed on the hips and lower body of the animal. Appearance is characterized by pigmented plaques, in neglected form the neoplasms become scaly.
- Papillomas of pads of fingers. It occurs in old dogs. Tumors are hard and only grab the fingers.
- Papillomas of the genitals. It occurs rather infrequently. The adiposity is sublime and manifests on the penis or mucosa of the vagina.
Causes of appearance
The virus enters the animal's body through the slightest damage on the skin or mucous membrane. Initially, he gets used to the basal cells, then penetrates into the surface layer of the epithelium.
Usually dogs are infected with viral papillomatosis from each other by contacting, through common toys and sticks. Especially this problem is common in shelters, because there the animals live crammed and the probability of infection is very high. The risk group includes young animals with weak immunity. If an adult dog with a weak immune system becomes infected, there is a high probability of a tumor degenerating into a malignant one.
Papillomas in dogs on the body may not show up even by the most experienced dog owners. It is especially difficult to detect the presence of the disease in long-haired breeds, when a dog is afraid of a veterinarian panicky and does not admit him to himself for inspection.
It is also very difficult to identify papillomas on the genitals of a female dog and the formation between the fingers. In the latter case, the tumor can remain for a long time invisible, because it does not interfere with the animal. There may begin a spontaneous remission, in which case it is possible to understand that the dog has recovered, it is possible only for the remaining scars. Papilloma in dogs will not go unnoticed in case of regular examination of a qualified specialist.
The development of medicine has reached a level where viral papillomatosis can be detected using diagnostic methods. Samples of outgrowths of unknown origin are taken and laboratories are provided for detailed examination. Experts identify the papilloma virus for denying the presence of oncology. In rare cases, a polymerase chain reaction and electron microscopy are used.
In the case of spontaneous remission, most dogs have an immunity to the disease, in other words - immunity. However, parts of their cells retain the genome of the virus, so that the animal can carry the disease and pose a danger to other individuals. Passive immunity is acquired by dogs with a specific serum containing virus-neutralizing antibodies. About insufficient immunity speak, when a good-quality education develops into a malignant.
Treatment of the disease
In general, the disease proceeds in an easy form and the viral papillomatosis is eliminated by itself. When this does not happen, you should show the dog to a qualified specialist. Do not set the diagnosis yourself, because you can cause irreparable harm to the animal.
Removal of papillomas in dogs depends on their number and location of localization.
When the papilloma in dogs is large enough and is located on the skin of the pet, it can be removed and at home. To do this, it must be tied with linen thread and prizhech liquid nitrogen. After such a procedure, the build-up will turn black and fall off.
If the papilloma is single and small, you can lubricate it with celandine until blackness appears, then gently cut off with a sterile knife. The wound should also be treated until complete healing.
When there are many formations, the veterinarian will prescribe intravenous injection of 0.5% solution of novocaine. The duration of treatment and the dose will depend on the condition of the animal. In special cases, a "blockade" of novocaine is placed under the papilloma or injections are made into its basement.
Papilloma in a dog's mouth is removed by surgical intervention.
Preventing the appearance
First of all, to exclude the infection of the dog with viral papillomatosis, it is necessary to maintain its immunity. Even if the animal gets sick, the symptoms will not be pronounced with a stronger body. To do this, it is necessary to properly keep the dog and adhere to a balanced diet of feeding.
The following tips will help you monitor your pet's health:
- Regularly inspect the animal for neoplasm.
- If you notice a papilloma from another dog, do not let your pet get to it.
- Immunity can be strengthened by long walks and vitamins.
- Papillomas in dogs treated in a specialized institution will heal much faster than those removed at home.
- If there is a tumor, do not give the pet a comb and tear it.
- Lubricate the wound with celandine only if the dog does not reach it with the tongue.
A 24-hour veterinary clinic is a faithful helper for any disease of pets!